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  CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION1.0BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Island resorts have come a long way from the olden days when resorts were smalland modest in size and luxury. But the modern resorts are highly luxurious and offer thelatest amenities for enjoyment. According to Christine Malabay’s research, historically,the oldest resorts can be traced back to the Roman empire of nearly two thousand yearsago. The ancient Romans created a public leisure facility known as baths that could beused by both men and women separately. Gradually, the baths evolved from their modeststructure to include more extravagant facilities such as a gym, a library, restaurant, stores,lounge, tavern, and even a museum and a theater. These baths were utilized for health,recreation and social enjoyment.Evidence of hotels and hospitality industry have been recorded as far back as biblical times when Mary and Joseph arrived in Bethlehem during the census. The word“hospitality” comes from the Latin root meaning “host” or “hospice”. The first hotelswere nothing more that private homes opened to the public. Most, unfortunately, had poop reputations. Under the influence of the Roman Empire, inns and hotels begancatering to the pleasure traveler in an encourage visitor. 1 The nineteenth century saw the development of exclusive resort facilities offeringmore privacy to the visitors. The wealthy people wished for private resort facilities and 1 SAGO Ltd. “the history of hotels; from economic to extravagant” http://www.searchandgo.com/travel/hotels-history.php. 8:36am, January 31, 2013  Switzerland’s resort industry realized the lucrative business prospects of this idea. In North American countries, the earliest resorts were developed at the starting of thenineteenth century. The first resorts are created in Virginia and New York. Soonafterward, the concept of beach resorts became immensely popular. The sea became agreat place of recreation and beautiful beach resorts mushroomed all over North Americaand the Carribean. Jungle resorts also became popular as the governments tried toconserve the wildlife and organized tourism in such a way that promoted adventure toursto the wild, without harming the flora and fauna of the region (Malabay, nd).Many island nations depend on tourism and upswing in worldwide tourism canonly mean good news on the economic front in small, tourism-dependent island countries(Ashe, 2005). Hence, the more tourists that visit small island countries, there is often pressured to develop more resources to meet the increased demand. Most of these islandnations comprise of small islands with a very fragile environment. This research aims toidentify the practices, policies and institutional forms used in developing tourismconsisting of resorts in public lands on uninhabited islands (Jamal, 2007).Philippines’ resort varies from place to place and what it may offer. Butnowadays, resorts also vary from what people need. People from overcrowded urbanareas are attracted by the relaxing and intact landscape of resorts (Malabay, nd). With thisgiven, different Local Government Units (LGUs) in the Philippines invest in hotels andresort projects resulting to increase in the number of resorts in the Philippines. Butthinking about how resorts can evolve into something that will give new experiencecannot be ignored (Malabay, nd).  The town of Matalom comprises only a small percentage of land area on aregional scale but is endowed with disproportionately rich diversity of flora and fauna;heart-seizing scenic beauty; diverse culture; ethnic etiquettes (Pamogas, 2019).According to the interview done by the researchers to the manager of the island, theCanigao Island Resort serves as a major source of the town’s income. The island serves both the local townsfolk and the foreign and provides nature’s finest sights (Pamogas,2019). According to the acting Tourism Officer of the town, it needs newaccommodations as its demand is increasing rapidly. Local and foreign tourists’ arrivaldemands urgent hotel accommodations though the people in charge of the island stillwant to conserve their natural resources. With this problem in hand, the researchers propose to improve a portion of the island’s land for the construction of new structures.The researchers have come up with a project that will take the island resort into ahigher level of design- a combination of accommodation structures, leisure amenities,function halls, camping sites, landscape and lastly biomimicry that will contribute to theeco-tourism of Matalom Leyte and also the socio-economic condition of the city. Becauseof technological progress and the advancement of construction in biomimicry buildingand resort designing, thorough research will be needed.Biomimicry originally started in ancient times. People observed animals andmimicked their shelter, survival behaviors, and hunting. One of the first examples of  biomimicry is the study of Leonardo DaVinci about birds and created drawings aboutflying machines. Biomimicry became a field of study in the late 20th century (Francesca,2008). Though biomimicry has inspired human innovations for decades- one of the mostoften-cited examples is Velcro, which the Swiss engineer Georges de Mestral patented in  1955 after studying how burs stuck to his clothes- better technology and more nuancedresearch have enabled increasingly complex adaptations. 2 Biomimicry is somewhat unusual in the Philippines in terms of buildings.Filipinos don’t notice that biomimicry is a part of their daily lives, for example, theairplanes, the flippers used in scuba diving, etc. Now is the time to let people; especiallythe commoners know that these little things can be applied to a building that results in amore environmentally friendly movement. This thesis research proposal will be an islandresort that mimics nature and functions as one. (Malabay, nd)Therefore, one of the purposes of the research paper is to study the doctrine andstandard for the preparation of a biomimicry island resort. To contribute to theredevelopment of not just the social but economic status of Matalom Leyte through theevolution of Canigao Island Resort. Also, this paper will give recommendations toencourage investors, businessmen, capital to invest in such projects.The proposal ELISII CAMPI: Redevelopment of Canigao Island Resort inMatalom Leyte will be located on an island within the jurisdiction of the town of Matalom. The town has experienced economic growth, evidenced by the presence of tourist destinations such as waterfalls, caves, commercial banks, a variety of restaurants,Spanish-colonial old structures and the Canigao Island Resort.As stated before that the Canigao Island Resort serves as the main source of income in the town, the research seeks to enhance the existing amenities and facilities theisland resort is currently offering. It will employ the unemployed people of the town andthose tourism-related graduates or professionals. The researchers believe that a chance to 2 Smithsonian Institution. “How Biomimicry Inspiring Human Innovation” http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/How-Biomimicry-is-Inspiring-Human-Innovation165592706.html.12:49 pm, April 17, 2013
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