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  CHAPTER 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the problem People love new gadgets and every aspect of technology as it enhances their lives, but it comes at an ethical and environmental cost. The supply for Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) remains to accelerate exponentially with nations developing further and increasing populations. Technology appears to become all but outdated only a short time after it has been bought because we have developed into a culture of use-and-throw-away. Our commitment to ever-advancing technology has put a high standard on all our products, requiring that each generation quickly upgrades upon the last, thereby increasing the amount of e-waste being produced. E-waste or electronic waste is broadly described as loosely discarded, left-over, out-of-date, broken electrical or electronic devices. E-waste ranges from computers, televisions, phones to laundry devices and fridge to everything else in between. Majority of electrical and electronic equipment is not often waste, but merely obsolete and traded up for the recent releases. In addition to the alarming increase in e-waste, unsuitable disposal imposes adverse effects in people’s surroundings and lives.  E-waste may be among the most dangerous discarded items, but they are rarely considered as such. If these wastes are not treated properly, they can trigger organ damage, neurological harm, and serious disease not only in employees who deal with it directly but also within the community. Components of electrical and electronic equipment and their wastes are composed of heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, and mercury, and persistent  organic pollutants (POPs) such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and  polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), among tens of other harmful chemical compounds. Inappropriate disposal methods may lead to the emission of harmful chemicals, some of which like mercury, PBDEs, and PCBs. Copper wires are obtained from burning e-waste such as vinyl-coated cables, harmful byproduct POPs like dioxins and furans are then  produced and emitted to the atm osphere. Dioxins are considered as among “the most toxic chemicals known to science. Furthermore, when disposed of with common waste or manually scrapped to extract metal components for recycling, e-waste such as fluorescent lamps discharge mercury vapor from the glass tube and leads to toxic pollution. Experts also explain that mercury exposure, a potent neurotoxin, can harm the brain and the central nervous system. Note also that when the plastic tubing for a cathode-ray tube of televisions and computer monitors are incinerated or dumped, PBDEs are released and contaminates the environment. Last December.13, 2017, with the Global E-Waste, the International Telecommunication Union, United Nations University, and the International Solid Waste Association reported the increasing quantity of e-waste and its inappropriate and unsafe methods of disposal through incinerating or dumping. According to this study, about 44.7 million tons of e-waste was produced worldwide in 2016. Also, the study shows that about 2 to 5 kilograms of e-waste are produced per inhabitant in the Philippines. While the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has approved and endorsed several official sites to manage e-waste and schemes about e-waste, there is no extensive e-waste management in the Philippines. Schools are also source of most e-waste Electrical and electronic equipment are regularly utilized by learners for various activities and hands-on, particularly students from the field of information and communications and technology (ICT) and electronics.  Unfortunately, electronic devices in school tend to have shorter life span as it is commonly used and often damaged by students abuse or mishandling. Most schools still do not have  policies on proper disposal of e-wastes. E-waste consciousness must be raised in school, its employees and students, as it affects the entire community. This paper aims create a mobile application that raises e-waste awareness. Specifically, it aims to: 1) assess existing knowledge of students with regards to e-waste; 2) Raise awareness on e-waste management; 3) evaluate the effectiveness of mobile application in raising e-waste awareness.  1. 2 Statement of the problem The National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) stated that broken electrical or electronic equipment and gadgets are adding to the Philippines already  burgeoning issue of solid waste-management. Unfortunately, most individuals do not know what e-waste is, thus, leading in improper disposal along with other waste like plastics. In close future, this is projected to impact the environment prone to bad e-waste management. In response to the research problem, this research was undertaken to create an educational mobile application and know the effectiveness of using a mobile application in raising e-waste awareness to learners. Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions: 1)   What are the pre-test and post-test scores of the respondents? 2)   Is there a significant difference between the pre-test and post test scores of the respondents? 3)   Is there a significant result from using mobile application in raising e-waste awareness? The following hypotheses were formulated: Ho: There is no significant effect from using mobile application on raising e-waste awareness. Ha: There is a significant effect from using mobile application on raising e-waste awareness.
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