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  1 CHAPTER I Introduction  A.   Background of the Study Stress is defined as the physical pressure and strain that result from demands or changes in the environment. Stress is the subjective feeling produced by events that are uncontrollable or threatening. It is important to realize that stress is not in the situation; stress refers to how people respond to a particular situation. Stress arises whenever there is a change in the body that requires us to readjust. Conflict, frustration and anxiety can all lead to stress. But any kind of change even a positive one, causes stress, because we have to adapt to a new environment. (McMahon, 1990) Stress is not necessarily a bad thing in and of itself. It is relative to the individual what is terribly difficult for one person can make another person feel interested and alive. (McMahon, 1990)  Unbeknownst to many, there are two types of stress: the eustress and the distress. Eustress is the “good stress” that gives beneficial effect on health, motivation, performance and emotional well- being while distress is the “bad stress” that is nonproductive and causes problems.   (Ragland, 1989) Stress is a complex concept. It can be routine stress at home, at school and at work and might be fairly begin individually, but collectively they could create great strain. Different things cause stress in different people. It is also a  2 part of every student’s daily life. From the very start until the college life, different styles of education and its diverse demands cause stress. A student’s life is subjected to different kinds of stressors, such as the pressure of academics with an obligation of success, uncertain future and difficulties envisaged for integration into the system. Students face social, emotional and physical and family problems which may affect their health, lifestyle and academic performance. (Ragland, 1989)  It is important to remember that regardless of the source, most of the stress that students experience can be viewed as serving positive ends. Stress is not always the same as distress. Stress can be experienced in positive events as much as the negative. Stress that the students feel as they start exams that they have prepared for is much different than the stress felt by students who haven’t taken their time to study.  (Ragland, 1989)  While stress is often talked about in negative terms, a healthy or moderate level of stress motivates one to talk, develop new skills, achieve performance and fulfill one’s potential. Stress is a part of life and learning how to anticipate, recognize and successfully manage stress is an important life skill. (Merki, 1989)   B.   Significance of the Study The stress experienced by most adolescents prompted the researcher to conduct this study. The results of this study are of great help to the following:  3 Students. They will know further what stress is and its impact on their health, lifestyle and academic performance. By learning so, they may be able to differentiate eustress from distress and formulate strategies on how to cope with stress. Community. This study will contribute to the body of knowledge giving additional learning not only to adolescents but also to parents, teachers and etcetera. C.   Statement of the Problem This study entitled, Stress among Adolescents and Its Impact on their Health, Lifestyle and Academic Performance aims to answer the following questions: 1. What are the causes of eustress and distress among adolescents? 2. What are the impacts of stress to the health of adolescents? 3. What are the effects of stress to the lifestyle of adolescents? 4. What are the results of stress to the academic performance of adolescents? 5. How can adolescents increase eustress and decrease distress? D.   Definition of Terms The following terms were defined to help the readers have a better idea about this study.  Academic Performance.   It refers to the level of schooling you have  4 successfully completed and the ability to attain success in your studies.  Adolescents. It is a transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood. Behavior.  The way in which someone conducts oneself or behaves. Health.  The general condition of the body.  Lifestyle.  The typical way of life of an individual. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).  A mental health condition that’s  triggered by a terrifying or stressful event  — either experiencing or witnessing it. Psychosis.  A serious mental illness characterized by defective or lost contact with reality often with hallucinations or delusions. Schizophrenia.  A mental disorder that is characterized by disturbances in thought, perception and behavior by a loss of emotional responsiveness and extreme apathy and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life. Stress.  It is feeling very worried or anxious about something. Stressor. It i s something that makes you worried or anxious.
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