review of literature

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    REVIEW OF LITERATURE  RECRUITMENT Definition: Recruitment is the process of recruiting potential personnel to fill up the existing requirement of the organization. It is the process of discovering potential applicants for actual or anticipated job vacancies. Recruitment involves encouraging individuals with the needed skills to make applications for employment the firm. Objective: The main objective of recruitment is to increase the number of applications for the job available in the organizations, to select the best applicant who is best fitted to the job. Need for recruitment: It makes possible to choose the right person in the right time at right place. It also makes it possible to acquire the number and type of people necessary to ensure the continued operation of the organizations.    Planned Needs: such needs arise from changes in the organization policies.      Anticipated Needs:  It refers to those movements in personnel which an organization can predict by studying trends in internal or external need.      Unexpected Needs: Such need arises due to illness, death and resignation.   Recruitment follows HR planning and goes hand in hand with selection process by which organization evaluates the suitability of candidates. With Successful recruiting to create a sizeable pool of candidates, even the most accurate selection system is of little use.   Recruiting begins when a vacancy occurs and the recruiter receives authorization to fill it. The next step is careful examination of the job and enumeration of skills, abilities and experience needed to perform the job successfully. Other steps follow:    Creating an applicant pool using internal or external methods.    Evaluate candidates via selection.    Convince the candidate.    And finally make an offer. Scope: To define the process and flow of activities while recruiting, selecting and appointing personnel on the permanent rolls an organization. Exclusions: The study does not cover the detailed formalities involved after the candidate joins the organization.  RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION Recruitment and selection are two phases of the employment process. The recruitment is the process of searching the candidates for employment and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization. Whereas selection involves the series of steps by which the candidates are screened for choosing the most suitable persons for vacant posts. The basic purpose of recruitments is to create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for organization, by attracting more and more employees to apply in the organization. Whereas the basic purpose of selection process is to choose the candidate to fill the various positions in the organization. RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION PROCESS Recruitment process involves a systematic procedure from sourcing the candidates to arranging and conducting the interviews and requires many resources and time. A general recruitment process is as follows:    Identify vacancy    Prepare job description and person specification    Advertising the vacancy    Managing the response    Short-listing    Arrange interviews    Conducting interview and decision making
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