Telecommunications Statistics in India

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  Telecommunications statistics in India India has the fastest growing telecom network in theworld with its high population and development poten-tial. Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Uninor, Reliance, Tata Do- CoMo, BSNL, Aircel, Tata Indicom, MTNL and Loop Mobile are the major operators in India. However, ru-ral India still lacks strong infrastructure. India’s publicsector telecom company BSNL is the 7th largest telecomcompany in world.Telephony was introduced in India in 1882. The totalnumberoftelephonesinthecountrystandsat904.56mil-lion,whiletheoverallteledensityhasincreasedto73.32%as of 31 October 2013. [1][2] and the total numbers of mo-bile phone subscribers have reached 875.48 million as ofOctober 2013. [1] The mobile tele-density had increasedto 70.96% in October 2013. [1] In the wireless segment,4.90 million subscribers were added in October 2013. [1] The wire line segment subscriber base stood at 29.08million. [1] The overall tele-density in the country increased to 76per cent from 75.80 per cent at the end of June,2014.The total wireless subscriber base rose 0.42 per cent inJuly,2014 to reach 91.87 crore at the end of July,2014from 91.49 crore last month.The overall wireless tele-density has increased to 73.78per cent.“Privateoperatorshold90.05percentofthewirelesssub-scriber market share whereas BSNL and MTNL, the twoPSU operators hold only 9.95 per cent market share,”Trai saidIndian telecom operators added a staggering 227.27 mil-lionwirelesssubscribersinthe12monthsbetweenMarch2010 and March 2011 averaging at 18.94 million sub-scribers every month. To put this into perspective, Chinawhich currently possesses the world’s largest telecom-munications network added 119.2 million wireless sub-scribersduringthesameperiod [3][4] -averaging9.93mil-lion subscribers every month (a little over half the num-berIndiawasaddingeverymonth). So, whileIndiamightcurrently be second to China in the  total   number of mo-bile subscribers, India has been adding nearly twice asmany subscribers  every  month until March 2011. Mobileteledensity increased by almost 18.4 percent from March2010 and March 2011 (49.60% to 67.98%) while wire-linesubscribernumbersfellbyamodest2.2million. Thisfrenetic pace of monthly subscriber additions means thatthe Indian mobile subscriber base has shown a year onyear growth of 43.23%. [1] Subscriber number hit a peakin June 2012 but has declined. The decline in telecomuser base after June 2012 has been primarily due to theremoval of inactive mobile telephone connections by theservice providers. 1 Monthly mobile subscriber addi-tions The following table illustrates the gradual increase inmonthly mobile subscriber additions(in millions) in Indiasince January 2002. 2 Telephone statistics ã  Telephone subscribers (wireless and landline): 933 million (March 2014) [5] ã  Land lines:  28.59 million (March 2014) [5] ã  Cell phones:  904.51 million (March 2014) [5] ã  Monthlycellphoneaddition:  1.05million(March2014) [5] ã  Teledensity:  73.32% (Oct 2013) ã  Annual cell phone addition:  227.27 million(March 2010 - 2011) ã  Telephone system:  The telecommunications sys-tem in India is the 2nd largest in the world. Thecountry is divided into several zones, called circles(roughly along state boundaries). Government andseveral private operators run local and long distancetelephoneservices. Itwasthrownopentoprivateop-erators in the 1990s. Competition has caused pricesto drop and calls across India are one of the cheap-est in the world. The rates are supposed to go downfurther with new measures to be taken by the Infor-mation Ministry. ã  Landlines:  In India landline service is firstly runby BSNL/MTNL and after there are several otherprivate players too, such as Airtel, Reliance Com-munications, Tata Teleservices. Landlines are fac-ing stiff competition from mobile telephones. Thecompetition has forced the landline services to be-come more efficient. The landline network quality1  2  4 REFERENCES  has improved and landline connections are now usu-ally available on demand, even in high density urbanareas. ã  Mobilecellular:  Themobiletelephonenetworkhasaggrandized greatly since 2000. The number of mo-bile phone connections crossed fixed-line connec-tions in Sept 2004 and currently there are an esti-mated 875.48 million mobile phone users in India [1] compared to 29.08 million fixed line subscribers. [1] India primarily follows the GSM mobile system,in the 900 MHz band. Recent operators also op-erate in the 1800 MHz band. 3G operations arecarried out in 2100 MHz band. The dominantplayers are Airtel, Vodafone, Idea Cellular, TataDoCoMo, Reliance Communications and state runBSNL/MTNL. There are many smaller players likeAircel, Loop Mobile, Videocon, MTS, Uninor etc.with operations in only a few states. Internationalroaming agreements exist between most operatorsand many foreign carriers. The data reported byservice providers indicates that rural India is emerg-ing as the growth driver. Mobile services subscriberbase in rural areas increased to 377.73 million inMarch 2014 from from 374.96 million in February2014. [5] ã  Dialing system:  On landlines system, intra circlecalls are considered local calls while inter circle areconsidered long distance calls. Government is nowworking to integrate the whole country in one tele-com circle. For long distance calls, you dial thearea code prefixed with a zero (e.g. for Delhi, youwould dial 011-XXXX XXXX). For internationalcalls, you would dial “00” or extquotedbl+ extquot-edbl and the country code+area code+number. Thecountry code for India is 91. ã  Visitor Location Register(VLR):  Out of the total904.51 million wireless subscribers, 790.87 millionwere found active in March, 2014. [5] The total ac-tive VLR number excludes the CDMA VLR figureof BSNL, as the service provider has not providedthe VLR figures corresponding to their total CDMAsubscriberbase. TheproportionofVLRsubscribersis 85.01% of the total wireless subscriber base re-ported by the service providers. [1] ã  Internet users:  Number of Internet users in Indiais the 3rd largest in the world next only to China andthe United States of America. [6] Though the num-ber of internet users is high, internet penetrationis still much lower than most countries across theglobe. As per TechCircle reports from Aug 2013,India reported 165 million Internet connections (asofMarch2013)ofwhichover140millionweremo-bile internet connections. ã  Broadbandsubscribers:  BroadbandinIndiaisde-fined as 512kbit/s and above by the government reg-ulator (New definition of Broadband notified on 18July 2013). Total subscribers were 14.91 million(Oct 2013). [1] ã  Internet service providers (ISPs) & hosts: 86,571 (2004) source: CIA World Fact Book ã  Country code (Top-level domain):  IN 3 Broadcasting statistics ã  Radios:  116 million (1997)Radio broadcast stations: 153- AM (Amplitude Mod-ulation), 91- FM (Frequency Modulation), 68 (1998) -Shortwave ã  Televisions:  116,438,938(2011 Census) [7] In India, only the government owned Doordarshan (Door=Distant=Tele, Darshan==Vision)isallowedtobroad-cast terrestrial television signals. It initially had one ma-jor National channel (also known as DD1) and a Metrochannel in some of the larger cities (also known as DD2).Satellite/Cable television took off during the first GulfWar with CNN. There are no regulations against owner-ship of satellite dish antennas, or operation of cable tele-vision systems, which led to an explosion of viewer shipand channels, led by the Star TV group and Zee TV.Initially restricted to music and entertainment channels,viewership grew, giving rise to several channels in re-gionallanguagesandmanyintheofficiallanguage, Hindi.The main news channels available were CNN and BBCWorld. In the late 1990s, many current affairs and newschannelssprouted, becomingimmenselypopularbecauseofthealternativeviewpointtheyofferedcomparedtoDo-ordarshan. Some of the notable ones are Aaj Tak thatmeans Till Today, owned by the India Today group andABP News, initially run by the NDTV group and theircharismatic lead anchor, Prannoy Roy (NDTV now hasits own channels, NDTV 24x7, NDTV Profit and NDTVIndia). Also Sahara (like Sahara Rastriya & some re-gional channel),Sun network,E nadu India TV & IBN7(the TV 18 group) are some most popular channel.Televisionterrestrialbroadcaststations: 562(ofwhich82stationshave1kWorgreaterpowerand480stationshaveless than 1 kW of power) (1997). [8] 4 References [1] Telecom Subscription Data as of 31 Oct 2013  3 [2] Highlights on Telecom Subscription Data as on 31 Octo-ber 2013[3] “Mobile subscribers in China reaches 756 million”. 2010-06-16. Retrieved2012-06-28.[4] “China mobile subscriber total rises to 875.6 mln inMarch”.  Reuters  . 28 April 2011.[5] “India’stelecomsubscriberbaserisesto933million”. TheTimes of India. Retrieved 15 May 2014.[6] “India now third biggest internet user”. Hindustan Times.2010-12-14. Retrieved 2012-06-28.[7] Houselisting and Housing Census Data Highlights - 2011[8] “India Telecom market growth and subscribers 2010 |GSM and CDMA operators monthly subscriber growth| Wireline Subscribers”. Re-trieved 2012-06-28.  4  5 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES  5 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses 5.1 Text ã  Telecommunications statistics in India  Source:  Contributors:   Michael Devore, Tirthajyoti, Marasmusine, Woohookitty, Mandarax, Malcolma, SmackBot, Ashley thomas80,Shyamsunder, Dicklyon, Dl2000, Rajat Bhargav, Magioladitis, Hottelecom, JL-Bot, SchreiberBike, Queerbubbles, Mannuforall, Addbot,Nizil Shah, Apteva, Yobot, AnomieBOT, Day000Walker, Ppavan1, Erik9bot, FrescoBot, Sabrata, Lotje, RjwilmsiBot, Rahulk.cmc,AvicAWB, Mogism, Uberwolfe, R.Gowsik, Kiran.shivaiah, Nimitag, Nivedita1414 and Anonymous: 43 5.2 Images ã  File:Ambox_current_red.svg  Source:  License:   Publicdomain  Contributors:   self-made, inspired by Image:Gnome globe current event.svg, using Image:Information icon3.svg and Image:Earth clip art.svg  Original artist:   penubag, Tkgd2007 (clock) ã  File:Question_book-new.svg  Source:  License:   ?  Contributors:  Created from scratch in Adobe Illustrator. Based on Image:Question book.png created by User:Equazcion  Original artist:  Tkgd2007 5.3 Content license ã  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
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