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  Mackensie Jackson September 12, 2017 Professor Kranz PSCI-336-01 UN Position Paper Introduction: Climate change is a more pressing issue for weak nations right now, but if more-developed nations continue to have high levels of toxic emissions there will be a continued increase in the temperature of the Earth and will one day make living inhospitable for humans (Sawas & Krampe, 2017). Sweden’s position on climate change is  that the world should have a good supply of sustainable energy and that the UN needs to realize this by taking focus on long-term energy efficiency and a greater supply of renewable energy (Sweden, 2016) C ountry’s position on the issue:  The voting record for Sweden indicates support for climate change. Sweden began making moves toward being environmentally friendly in the 1960s and 1970s when establishing the Environmental Protection Agency in 1967. Since then, Sweden has continued to make efforts to reduce gas emissions and has even implemented an environmental code in 1991 that serves to promote a healthy environment for current and future generations (Sweden, 2016). This shows that Sweden sees climate change as a major issue today since Sweden enforces so many protocols in order to keep their country’s environment safe and clean for their people. Important policy statements/news briefings from the c ountry’s gov’t on the issue:   Sweden has been a part of the United Nations Environment Programme since 1972 and this Program  focuses on providing leadership and working with other nations in order to care for the environment (UNEP, 2017). The BBC states that in February, 2009, the Swedish government turned back on a 30-year-old policy that was put in place to slowly get rid of nuclear power  being used in Sweden because new reactors are needed to fight climate change and secure energy supplies (Sweden profile  –   timeline, 2015). According to Climate Minister Isabella Lovin, Our target is to be an entirely fossil-fuel-free welfare state, we see that the advantages of a climate-smart society are so huge, both when it comes to health, job creation and also security ” (Faran , 2017). Another quote that comes from the Government offices of Sweden states that, It is the firm desire of this Government that Sweden be a global role model, in our development, our equality and our leadership on climate change adaptation (Government offices of Sweden, 2017). This shows that Sweden’s positi on on climate change is very important and should be a concern for countries worldwide.  Conventions/resolutions related to the issue: Sweden became a part of the Paris Agreement that was ratified in November 2016. The purpose of the Paris Agreement is to combat climate change at a global level. Sweden is now the number one country who’s implementing the rules set forth in the Paris Agreement (Roden, 2017). Sweden was one of the first nations to sign and ratify the international Kyoto Protocol that focuses on climate change in 1967. Sweden was a  part of a treaty known as The Stockholm Convention in 2001 that’s main point is  to slowly get rid of organic pollutants (Sweden, 2016). Sweden has, for many years, made resolutions to help with the issue of climate change. For example, resolutions on the General Assembly include resolution 70/205 (2015), resolution 69/220 (2014), and resolution 68/212 (2013) that address the protection of the global climate for   present and future generations of humankind. Outcomes of each resolution included reaffirming and taking note of already agreed on policies about the issue of climate change (UN, 2017). United Nations Security Council resolutions that address the issue of climate change including other issues, are resolution 2262 (2016) and resolution 2259 (2015). There are no real outcomes yet as the security council is still working on these resolutions (UNSC, 2017). Proposal: Sweden should address the issue of climate change by informing the UN on ways in which countries can begin to improve on the amount of emissions going into the air. Sweden should do this because they are the closest to reaching the Paris Agreement goals and because they have been working on successful ways to phase out their neo emissions for almost 100 years now. If Sweden can make not only rules for other nations to follow when it comes to reducing toxic emissions into the atmosphere, but also guidelines for how to do, it would have a huge impact on climate change going on today. Sweden’s  proposal is in the interest of all countries  because it will have a positive effect on slowing global climate change. Even though this change can be difficult for some countries like China and the US to not rely on these gases that are bad for the environment, this proposal will still have a huge positive impact on all countries, especially poor nations who are already facing climate change within their state.  Works Cited Faran, C. (2017, Feb. 3). “ Sweden pledges to cut all greenhouse gas emissions by 2045 .” Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/sweden-pledges-greenhouse-gas-emissions-zero-2045-paris-agreement-a7561111.html Government Offices of Sweden (2017). Retrieved from http://www.government.se/government-policy/  Roden , L. (2017, March 28). “Sweden the EU's 'climate leader': report.” Retrieved from https://www.thelocal.se/20170328/sweden-the-eus-climate-leader-report Sawas, A., Krampe, F. (2017, Aug. 22). Why should the UN Security Council deal with climate security risks? Retrieved from https://www.sipri.org/commentary/blog/2017/why-should-un-security-council-deal-climate-security-risks  Sweden profile - timeline. (2015, April 22). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17961621  “ Sweden tackles climate change. ”  (2016, Feb. 3). Retrieved from https://sweden.se/nature/sweden-tackles-climate-change/ United Nations (2017). Retrieved from http://research.un.org/en/docs/ga/quick/regular/6  United Nations. “Resolution 70/205.” (2015). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/205  United Nations. “Resolution 69/220.” (2014). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/69/220  United Nations. “Resolution 68/212.” (2013). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/68/212 
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