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The Recognition of Albania's Ethnic Minorities and Their Right to Participation in Education and Politics

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The Recognition of Albania's Ethnic Minorities and Their Right to Participation in Education and Politics
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  2000  Participation and  Transparency  at the Turn of the Century  INTERNATIONALSTUDENTCONFERENCESELECTED CONFERENCE PAPERS  Published by the Civic Education ProjectEditor: Christine S. Zapotocky ISBN: 963 00 5191 5Design: Createch Ltd./Judit KovácsProduction: Createch Ltd., Budapest, Hungary Printed: November 2000  3 Table of Contents Introduction.............................................................................................................5Civic Education Project............................................................................................6 SECTION 1 Lessons of Participation in New Political Systems.....................................7 Valeriu Lingurar—University of the West, Romania  Beyond the Slogan of Civil Society...............................................................................8 Rudolf Stika—Charles University, Czech Republic   Weaknesses in the Process of Demarcating Electoral Districts in the Czech Republic..17 Safo Musta—University of Tirana, Albania  Citizen Information and Public Participation in Albania: A Study of Tirana Municipality..................................................................................24 SECTION 2 Participation for All?The Status of Subgroups in Postcommunist Societies............................33 Luciana Maria Salagean—Babes-Bolyai University, Romania  Homosexuals: Why Is It So Hard To Accept Diversity?Romanian Attitudes to Shaping New Patterns in Sexual Minorities Issues..................34 Sonila Danaj—University of Tirana, Albania  The Recognition of Albania’s Ethnic Minoritiesand Their Right to Participation in Education and Politics.........................................42  Jibek Aitmatova—American University of Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan  The Social and Political Status of Kyrgyz Women:The Historical Heritage of the Soviet Unionand Negative Tendencies in Postcommunist Kyrgyzstan..............................................51 T ABLE   OF C ONTENTS  C IVIC E DUCATION P ROJECT 4 2000 M A Y SECTION 3 Transparency in Economic and Environmental Issues:What has been Achieved?.............................................................59 Serhiy Stepanchuk—Ternopil Academy of National Economy, Ukraine  The Role of the “Black” Economy in Ukraine.............................................................60 Daniela Shkalla—Aleksander Xhuvani University, Albania  Transparency about Environmental Hazards in Albania: A Case Study of the Elbasan Metallurgical Plant.........................................................68 SECTION 4 Opening Traditional Institutions.............................................................77 Doina Cajvaneanu—University of Bucharest, Romania  Regional Participation:Does Ecumenism Have a Chance in East-Central Europe?.........................................78 Olga Jdanova—Tashkent State University, Uzbekistan  Higher Education in Uzbekistan: Is There Anything to be Proud of?..........................85  Alexei Petrenko—Tomsk State University, Russia  Kazakhstan: In Quest of National Identity..................................................................91 SECTION 5 New Attitudes toward Participation in Europe.......................................99 Magdalena Borys  — University of Gdansk, Poland  The Information Campaign and Communication with Citizensin the Process of Polish Integration with the European Union..................................100 Visvaldis Valtenberg—Vidzeme University College, Latvia   Joining the European Union: Miserable Present and Return to the Past...................110 Participants and Guests.........................................................................................117Conference Schedule............................................................................................129  5 I NTRODUCTION Introduction T he Civic Education Project (CEP) held its eighth annual International Student Conference, Participation and Transparency at the Turn of the Century  , 5–10 May 2000 in Budapest, Hungary. The conference broughttogether an impressive group of outstanding students representing twenty countries across Central andEastern Europe and Eurasia—all the countries in which CEP operates. While these countries reflect greatdiversity, they share the problems and challenges of transition after the fall of communism. The 2000conference focused on the rising expectations in these societies for greater citizen participation andtransparency in all spheres of political, economic and legal activity, both at the national and internationallevels. As always, the conference provided a collegial and dynamic forum for learning new skills, developing and challenging ideas and fostering understanding and dialogue among the participants.Recent years have seen substantial opportunities for talented students from Central and Eastern Europe andEurasia to travel to the West for additional academic training. While these opportunities are essential tothe experience of top students, CEP feels strongly that they should also interact with their peers fromother countries of the East. The student conference remains one of the few academic events in whichthese students have the chance to meet their colleagues from neighboring countries and discuss directly  with them the pressing issues faced in the region. Under the guidance of their CEP Fellows, one hundredforty student participants presented their srcinal academic work this year. The papers published here were recognized as the best presented at the conference.In addition to the core panel presentations, the 2000 conference also offered students the opportunity toparticipate in an information fair as well as a number of workshops and activities focusing on academictopics, public speaking and cross-cultural communication. We would like to extend a special thank you to all of the sponsors and individuals that made this conferencepossible. We are especially grateful to the Higher Education Support Program of the Open Society Institutefor its ongoing primary support of CEP programs and to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for itsconsistent assistance with the annual International Student Conference. Special thanks are also extendedto the Central European University, which served as a welcoming host for this event, and to Pearson Education,the International Debate Education Association, the Robert Bosch Foundation, the InternationalCommittee of the Red Cross, the Delegation of the European Commission to Hungary, Citibank, KPMGand Pepsi-Cola Hungary for their generous assistance and participation. Liana Ghent Director of Central and East European Programs Civic Education Project 
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