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The State of Domestic Commerce in Pakistan Study 3 - Subsidies and Incentive Regimes

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The categories of subsidies and incentives analyzed in this report are cross subsidization in energy pricing, financial incentives and incentives for development of facilities (storage, warehousing etc.), subsidy on freight transport, incentives in the real estate sector, agricultural and export subsidies. The objective of this report is to see how these subsidies and incentive regimes affect domestic commerce and possible policy measures that can be adopted to promote domestic commercial activity
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    T HE S TATE OF D OMESTIC C OMMERCE IN P AKISTAN   S TUDY S UBSIDIES AND I NCENTIVE R EGIMES   For The Ministry of Commerce Government of Pakistan November 2007   By Innovative Development Strategies (Pvt.) Ltd. House No. 2, Street 44, F-8/1, Islamabad      Table of Contents List of Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... i  Acknowledgments ................................................................................................................ iv Executive Summary ............................................................................................................ 3 Section 1: Introduction .................................................................................................. 6 1.1. Subsidies and Incentive Regimes .............................................................................. 6 1.2. Scoping the Study ..................................................................................................... 7 Section 2: Subsidies for Domestic Commerce ............................................................ 9 2.1 Cross Subsidization in the Energy Sector .................................................................. 9 2.1.1 Cross Subsidization in Electricity and Natural Gas Tariffs .............................. 9 2.1.2 Cross Subsidization in Fuel Pricing .............................................................. 13 2.2 Financial Incentives ................................................................................................. 14 2.3 Policy Package for Developing Storage Facilities .................................................... 15 2.4 Subsidy on Freight Transport .................................................................................. 15 2.4.1 The National Logistics Cell (NLC) ................................................................ 15 2.4.2 Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) .......................................... 16 2.5 Incentives in Construction........................................................................................ 17 2.5.1 Khuda Ki Basti and the IHDS ....................................................................... 17 2.5.2 Defense Housing Authorities ........................................................................ 18 Section 3: Agricultural and Trade Subsidies ............................................................. 19 3.1 Agricultural Subsidies .............................................................................................. 19 3.2 Trade Subsidies and Incentives ............................................................................... 20 3.2.1 Export Finance Scheme ............................................................................... 20 3.2.2 Long Term Financing of Export Oriented Projects (LTF-EOP) ..................... 20 3.2.3 Scheme for Locally Manufactured Machinery ............................................... 20 3.2.4 Scheme for pre and post Shipment Under FE25 .......................................... 21 3.2.5 Freight Subsidy Scheme .............................................................................. 21 3.2.6 Skill Development and R&D Support for the Textile Sector .......................... 21 3.2.7 Quality Standards Certification ..................................................................... 21 3.2.8 Financial Incentives ..................................................................................... 22 3.2.9 Support for Participation in Trade Fairs ........................................................ 22 3.2.10 Support for Certification ............................................................................... 22 3.2.11 Support for Establishment of Retail Outlets Abroad ..................................... 22 3.3 Impact on Domestic Commerce............................................................................... 22 Section 4: Conclusions and Recommendations ....................................................... 24 4.1 Policy Recommendations ........................................................................................ 24    List of Tables Table 2.1: Schedule of Electricity Tariffs ....................................................................... 11 Table 2.2: Schedule of Natural Gas Prices ................................................................... 12 Table 2.3: Breakdown of Sale Prices of Petroleum Products ........................................ 13 Table 3.1: Green Box Subsidy Outlays (Million US $) ................................................... 19
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