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The United States - The making of a nation

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1. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1500s ã NEW WORLD’S GOLD ã SPANISH ã OUTPOSTS ã FLORIDA 2. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1500s ã PROSPECTS OF WEALTH ã FRENCH FUR TRADERS ã TRADING…
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  • 1. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1500s • NEW WORLD’S GOLD • SPANISH • OUTPOSTS • FLORIDA
  • 2. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1500s • PROSPECTS OF WEALTH • FRENCH FUR TRADERS • TRADING POSTS • St. LAWRENCE
  • 3. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1500s • BRITISH • PROFIT & RELIGIOUS FREEDOM • JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA • PROTESTANT
  • 4. FIRST IMMIGRANTS 1600s – 1700s • EAST COAST • DUTCH – NEW YORK • GERMAN – PENNSYLVANIA • SWEDES – DELAWARE • BRITISH – VIRGINIA ALSO FROM AFRICA, FRANCE, SPAIN AND SWITZERLAND
  • 5. NATIVE AMERICANS • Major changes when Europeans arrived • CLASH of cultures • Reservations Native Americans watching the arrival of Europeans
  • 6. OLD IMMIGRATION • Boomed during the 1840s and 1850s – From: NORTHERN AND WESTERN EUROPE, ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, GERMANY AND CHINA – Reasons: POOR HARVESTS, FAMINE, POLITICAL FREEDOM, BETTER LIFE, FAMILY REUNIFICATION – EASILY ACCEPTED INTO US: • PROTESTANS • READ, WRITE AND SPEAK IN ENGLISH Prior 1800: OLD IMMIGRANTS
  • 7. SOUTHEASTERN EUROPEANS • Those who arrive after 1880: NEW IMMIGRANTS – From: SOUTHERN & EASTERN EUROPE, POLAND, RUSSIA, GRECCE, ITALY, AUSTRIA, HUNGARY – Reasons: WORK, FAMINE, POLITICAL UNREST, BETTER LIFE – NOT EASILY ACCEPTED INTO US: • CATHOLICS AND JEWISH • COULD NOT READ OR WRITE • CUSTOMS, LANGUAGE AND APPEARANCE SET THEM APART
  • 8. • Affected American cities • Rowling NEW YORK and CHICAGO • ETHNIC NEIGHBORHOODS • Preserve language and customs • “Chinatown” IN AMERICA
  • 9. NATIVIST SENTIMENT • Rising immigrant population creates racists attitudes • Prejudices • Fear • Americans pressured congress to act • 1920s - QUOTA SYSTEM/RESTRICTION Americans who hated immigrants
  • 10. ASSIMILATION PROCESS • FIRST GENERATION – OBTACLES: DISCRIMITANION AND RELUCTANCY • SECOND GENERATION – BETTER TO IDENTIFY THEMSELF AS AMERICANS, SPOKE MOSTLY ENGLISH AND PRACTICED FEWER ETHNIC CUSTOMS • THIRD GENERATION – USUALLY NO LONGER ABLE TO SPEAK THEIR GRANDPARENTS’ LANGUAGE • FOURTH/FIFTH GENERATION – INTERMARRIAGE AGAINST ETHNIC IDENTITY
  • 11. RECENT IMMIGRACION • 1920 IMMIGRATION DROPPED • NEW ASSIMILATION PROBLEM • NEW IMMIGRANTS: – MEXICO, LATIN AMERICA, ASIA – CAMBODIAN AND VIETNAM REFUGEES WHO FLED THE DESTRUCTION AND UPHEAVAL OF THE VIETNAN WAR
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