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TUGAS AKHLAK TASAWUF AL-MAQAMAT.docx

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  TUGAS AKHLAK TASAWUFAL-MAQAMAT DAN AL-AHWAL  Nama: TIARA KUSUMA Nim: 0705163045Prodi: FISKA IIFAKULTAS SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGIUNIERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI SUMATERA UTARA!016"!017MEDAN  BAB IPENDAHULUANA.Latar Belakang Para #$%i &'(a) m'*$*+$,,a* -a).a &a#a.$% #'-a/ai di#i(i* i(m$ dira*a*/ #'-a/ai m'diai*%orma#i -a/i ma*$#ia $*&$, m'*d',a&,a* diri ,'ada A((a) S2T m'(a($i ,ara,ara*aS')i*//a ara '*'m$) +a(a* &a#a.$%  al-murid/al-salik   a,a* daa& m'rai) ,'ma*&aa* &a$)idda* ma,ri%a& Da* ,ar'*a i&$8 ara #$%i m'*$#$* &'ori m'*/'*ai $#a)a$#a)a $*&$, m'*'m$) 'r+a(a*a* #iri&$a(  tariqah  -'r$a &a*//a&a*//a '*da,ia* #iri&$a( a*/ di#'-$& al-maqamat  9a,i,a& al-maqamat   daa& di(i)a& dari ,ara,ara #$%i a*/ -ia#a*a +$/a diiri*/i ,a+ia*&'*&a*/ ahwal  8 ,ar'*a ,'d$a*a &ida, -i#a di-a)a# #'ara &'ri#a) Da(am ,i&a- al-Luma’, a(T)$#i m'*+'(a#,a* -a).a maqamat   ada(a) &i*/,a&a* a*&ara #'ora*/ )am-a d'*/a* A((a) S2Ta*/ di-a*/$* a&a# da#ar '(a,#a*aa* ibadah 8  mujahadah, riyadhah,  da* ,'-'r#amaa* d'*/a* Na T'ori al-Maqamat #'#$ai d'*/a* ;S I-ra)im"14: 148 da* ;S a(S)a%%a&"37: 164S'da*/,a* al-ahwal   ada(a) ,'adaa* )a&i  qalb  #'ora*/ #$%i #'-a/ai a,i-a& dari ,'m$r*ia*<i,ir*a B. Ruu!an Ma!ala" 1Aa D'%i*i#i a(ma=ama& da* a(a).a(!Aa i&$ a(ma=ama&3Aa i&$ a(a).a( #.Tu$uan   U*&$, m'*/'&a)$i da* m'ma)ami aa D'%i*i#i a(ma=ama& da* a(a).a(   U*&$, m'*/'&a)$i da* m'ma)ami aa i&$ a(ma=ama&   U*&$, m'*/'&a)$i da* m'ma)ami aa i&$ a(a).a( BAB II  PENDAHULUANA.DEFINISI Para #$%i &'(a) m'*$*+$,,a* -a).a &a#a.$% #'-a/ai di#i(i* i(m$ dira*a*/ #'-a/ai m'diai*%orma#i -a/i ma*$#ia $*&$, m'*d',a&,a* diri ,'ada A((a) S2T m'(a($i ,ara,ara*aS')i*//a ara '*'m$) +a(a* &a#a.$%  al-murid/al-salik   a,a* daa& m'rai) ,'ma*&aa* &a$)idda* ma,ri%a& Da* ,ar'*a i&$8 ara #$%i m'*$#$* &'ori m'*/'*ai $#a)a$#a)a $*&$, m'*'m$) 'r+a(a*a* #iri&$a(  tariqah  -'r$a &a*//a&a*//a '*da,ia* #iri&$a( a*/ di#'-$& al-maqamat   1  9a,i,a& al-maqamat   daa& di(i)a& dari ,ara,ara #$%i a*/ -ia#a*a +$/a diiri*/i,a+ia* &'*&a*/ ahwal  8 ,ar'*a ,'d$a*a &ida, -i#a di-a)a# #'ara &'ri#a) !  Da(am ,i&a- al- Luma’, a(T)$#i m'*+'(a#,a* -a).a maqamat   ada(a) &i*/,a&a* a*&ara #'ora*/ )am-a d'*/a*A((a) S2T a*/ di-a*/$* a&a# da#ar '(a,#a*aa* ibadah 8  mujahadah, riyadhah,  da*,'-'r#amaa* d'*/a*Na T'ori al-Maqamat #'#$ai d'*/a* ;S I-ra)im"14: 148 da* ;S a(S)a%%a&"37: 164 3  S'da*/,a* al-ahwal   ada(a) ,'adaa* )a&i  qalb  #'ora*/ #$%i #'-a/ai a,i-a& dari,'m$r*ia* <i,ir*a 4 A-$ a(Na+i- a(S$)ra.ardi da* a(;$#airi m'm-'ri,a* '*+'(a#a* m'*/'*ai al-maqamat  da*  al-ahwal   Da(am  Adab al-Muridin 8 A-$ a(Na+i- a(S$)ra.ardi8 al-maqamat ada(a)&i*/,a&a* #iri&$a( #'ora*/ )am-a da(am i-ada) di )adaa* A((a) S.& 5  Da(am  Risalah al-Qusairiyyah,  a(;$#airi m'*+'(a#,a* -a).a al-maqamat   ada(a) &i*/,a&a* #iri&$a( a*/ a,a*dirai) #a(i, d'*/a* +a(a* m$+a)ada) da* m'*/ama(,a* ada-ada-8 'ri(a,$8 da* #i,a &'r&'*&$8#'r&a riad)a) 6 1 Mulyadhi Kartanegara, Menyelami Lubuk Tasawuf (Jakarta: Erlangga, 200!, hal 122 2 Jafar, "E#$%&" T%'%)*: +imensi Teritis +an -raktis %.aran Kaum 'u/, (Medan: -erdana-ublishing!, 201 al 3 4 %bi &ashr %bd %llah ibn %li al5sarra. al5Thusi, al-Luma’f Tarikh tashawwu al-Islam ($eirut: +ar Kutub 6lmiyah, 2001!, hal 0 6bid, hal 07 %bu al5&a.ib al5 'uhrawardi, %dab al5Muridin ($eirut: +ar al5Kutub al56lmiyah, 2007!!, hal 24  S'da*/,a* a(A).a( m'*$r$& ,a$m #$%i ada(a) ma,*a a*/ )adir da(am )a&i &a*a $*#$r ,'#'*/a+aa*8 $aa8 (a&i)a*8 da* 'ma,#aa* #''r&i /'m-ira8 #'di)8 (aa*/8 #'mi&8 ri*d$8/'(i#a)8 &a,$&8 da* /'m'&ar A(A).a( m'r$a,a* 'm-'ria*8 #'da*/,a* a(ma=ama& m'r$a,a*)a#i( $#a)a A(A).a( da&a*/ dari A((a) ,'da(am +i.a*a #$%i #'da*/,a* a(ma=ama&m'r$a,a* )a#i( $#a)a d'*/a* m$+a)ada) #'ara &'r$# m'*'r$# P'm(i, a(ma=amm'm$*/,i*,a* daa& m'*d$d$,i a(ma=am #'ara &'&a8 #'da*/,a* 'mi(i, a()a( #'ri*/m'*/a(ami *ai, &$r$* #'#$ai ,'adaa* )a&i*a 7 B.AL-MAQAMAT %Sta!&'n-Sta!&'n (ang Haru! D&te)u" Dala Pr'!e!Berta!a*u+, K'#'m$r*aa* ro)a*i ma*$#ia a/ar daa& -'r)$-$*/a* d'*/a* T$)a* daa& di(a,$,a*m'(a($i ama(a*ama(a* &'r&'*&$8 #''r&i a*/ dira,&',a* di da(am ,'(omo, &ar',a&8 dima*ada(am ,'(omo, i*i &'rdaa& #'+$m(a) #$%i a*/ m'*daa&,a* -im-i*/a* da* '&$*+$, dari#'ora*/ /$r$  mursyid   &'*&a*/ -aaa*-aaa* da* ama(a*ama(a* a*/ )ar$# di&'m$) o(')#'ora*/ #$%i da(am m'*aai ,'#'m$r*aa* ro)a*i a/ar daa& -'r)$-$*/a* (a*/#$*/ d'*/a*A((a) S'&ia ,'(omo, &ar',a& m'mi(i,i m'&od'8 ara da* ama(a* a*/ -'r-'da #a&$ #ama (ai*A,a* &'&ai ada /ari# -'#ar*a8 #'m$a &ar',a& #'a,a& -a).a #'ora*/ #$%i a/ar daa& m'*aai&$+$a**a )ar$# m'(a($i ro#'# a*+a*/ a*/ &'rdiri dari 7 #&a#io*  maqom 8 a&a$ &a)aa*&a)aa* ai&$ :1A(Ta$-a) !A(>$)d3A(2ara?4A(Fa=ir 5A(S)a-r 6A(Ta.a,,a(7A(Rid)o  %bu al58asim %bd al5Karim awa9in al58usyairi al5&aisaburi, #isalah al58usyairiyah /6lm al5Tasawwuf (Kairh: +ar al5Khair,1;!, hal 7 < Jafar, "E#$%&" T%'%)*: +imensi Teritis +an -raktis %.aran Kaum 'u/, (Medan: -erdana-ublishing!, 201 al ;  #.AL-AHWAL %K'n&!& Ke$&*aan Dala Berta!a*u+, M'*$r$& #$%i8 a(a).a( +ama, dari )a( da(am -a)a#a ara- da(am -a)a#a i*//ri# di#'-$& #&a&aada(a) #i&$a#i ,'+i.aa* a*/ di'ro(') #'#'ora*/ #'-a/ai ,ar$*ia A((a)8 -$,a* dari )a#i($#a)a*a Da&a*/*a ,o*di#i m'*&a( i&$ &ida, m'*'*&$8 ,ada*/ da&a*/ da* 'r/i*a -'r(a*/#$*/#a*/a& 'a& K'adaa* #''r&i i*i di#'-$& La.ai) A,a* &'&ai ,a(a$ da&a*/ da* 'r/i*a ,o*di#im'*&a( i&$ da(am &'mo a*/ a*+a*/ da* (ama di#'-$& @a.adi) Da* aa-i(a ,o*di#i m'*&a( i&$,o*&i*i$ da* m'*+adi ,'ri-adia* ma,a dia di#'-$& d'*/a* )a(8 +ama,*a ada(a) A(A).a(A(A).a( i*i #'(a($ -'r/'ra, *ai, #'&i*/,a& d'mi #'&i*/,a& ,'ara) a*/ ('-i) #'m$r*a#amai ,'&i&i, ,$(m$*ia#i8 ai&$ $*a, ,'#'m$r*aa* ro)a*iM'*/'*ai +$m(a) da* %orma#i A(A).a( i*i #'-a/ia* -'#ar #$%i -'r'*daa& ada  ai&$ :1A(M$ra=a-a)!A(,)a$% 3A(Ra+a?4A(Sa$=5A(U*#6A(T)oma?*i*a)7A(M$#a)ada)A(a,i*  BAB IIIPENUTUPA.KESIMPULAN A-$ a(Na+i- a(S$)ra.ardi da* a(;$#airi m'm-'ri,a* '*+'(a#a* m'*/'*ai al-maqamat  da*  al-ahwal   Da(am  Adab al-Muridin 8 A-$ a(Na+i- a(S$)ra.ardi8 al-maqamat ada(a)&i*/,a&a* #iri&$a( #'ora*/ )am-a da(am i-ada) di )adaa* A((a) S.& Da(am  Risalah al-Qusairiyyah,  a(;$#airi m'*+'(a#,a* -a).a al-maqamat   ada(a) &i*/,a&a* #iri&$a( a*/ a,a*dirai) #a(i, d'*/a* +a(a* m$+a)ada) da* m'*/ama(,a* ada-ada-8 'ri(a,$8 da* #i,a &'r&'*&$8#'r&a riad)a) 3 M6'%# dkk, %KL%K T%'%)*: Membangun Karakter 6slam, (Medan: -erdana -ublishing!, 2017 al 1<513<
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