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Web Paper 2016

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    Solve Web Paper 2016 Q. What is HTML? Ans : Hypertext Markup Language  ( HTML ) is the standard markup language for   creating web pages and web applications. With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)   and JavaScript.   Q 2. Define markup language?   Markup Language . A markup language  is a computer language  that uses tags to  define  elements within a document. It is human-readable, meaning markup  files contain standard words, rather than typical programming syntax. While several  markup languages  exist, the two most popular are HTML and XML. Q 3. Differentiate between XHTML and HTML? The  Extensible Hypertext Markup Language, or XHTML , is a markup language that has the  same depth of expression as HTML , but also conforms to XML syntax. XHTML  is the  modern version of HTML  4 . The difference  is that XHTML  is based on XML while HTML  is based on SGML. Q 5. Which types of lists can be created in HTML? There are three list types in HTML: Unordered list   —  used to group a set  of related items in no particular order. Ordered list   —  used to group a set  of related items in a specific order. Description list   —  used to display  name/value pairs such as terms and definitions. Q 6. What is the use of UL tag? The <ul> tag defines an unordered  (bulleted) list. Use the <ul> tag together with the <li> tag to create unordered  lists. Q 7. List different types of hyperlinks? There are four types of hyperlinks. ã Text hyperlink –  Uses a word or phrase to take visitors to another page, file or document. ã Image hyperlink –  Uses an image to take visitors to another page, file or document. ã Bookmark hyperlink  –  Uses text or an image to take visitors to another part of a web page. ã E -mail hyperlink  –  Allows visitors to send an e-mail message to the displayed e-mail address.    Q 8. What are the most common uses of tables and why?  A table is an arrangement of data in rows and columns, or possibly in a more complex structure. Tables are widely used in communication , research, and data analysis. Tables appear in print media, handwritten notes , computer software, architectural ornamentation, traffic signs, and many other places Q 9. What are some benefits of using frames? The advantages  of HTML frames  include: The  main advantage  of frames  is that it allows the  user to view multiple documents within a single Web page. It is possible to load pages from different servers in a single frameset. The  concern that older browsers do not support frames  can be addressed using the  <noframe> tag. Q.10What are forms?  A form  is used to record information, such as the evaluation of an employee's performance during the review cycle. Forms  are generated from form  templates. Q 11. Define table, TR, TD AND TH tag? Each table row  is defined  with the < tr  > tag . A table header   is defined  with the < th > tag . By default,  table  headings are bold and centered.  A table  data/ cell  is defined  with the < td > tag .\ 12. Define <A> tag and HREF? The <a> tag defines  a hyperlink, which is used to link from one page to another. The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href   attribute, which indicates the link's destination. By default, links will appear as follows in all browsers: An unvisited link is underlined and blue 14. What is the difference between absolute path and relative path? Absolute  and relative paths . An absolute  or full path  points to the same location in a  file system, regardless of   the current working directory. To do that, it must include the root directory. By contrast, a relative path  starts from some given working directory, avoiding the need to provide the full absolute path . Q 15. Are target names case sensitive? Each database name  specified by the target  is a string of characters, and the string is case - insensitive . That is, for any character that is a letter, the srcin may use either upper or lower case , regardless of how the target  has specified the name . Result set names  are deemed to be case sensitive . Q 16.What is definition list?  A description list, with terms and descriptions: < dl > <dt>Coffee</dt> <dd>Black hot drink</dd> <dt>Milk</dt> <dd>White cold drink</dd> </ dl >    Q 17. What is style sheet? Cascading Style Sheets  ( CSS ) is a style sheet  language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language like HTML. CSS  is a cornerstone technology of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and JavaScript Q 18. What is meant by scripting language?  A high-level programming language  that is interpreted by another program at runtime rather than compiled by the computer's processor as other programming languages  (such as C and C++) are. ... JavaScript, ASP, JSP, PHP, Perl, Tcl and Python are examples of scripting languages 19. What are different parts of CSS?    In a separate file (external)     At the top of a web page document (internal)    Right next to the text it decorates (inline) Q 20. What is external style sheet? External CSS  The external style sheet  is generally used when you want to make changes on ... For example: It should be margin-left: 20px  not margin-left: 20  px Q 21. What is inline style? The Inline CSS filter reduces the number of requests made by a web page by inserting the contents of small external CSS resources directly into the HTML document. This can reduce the time it takes to display content to the user, especially in older browsers. 22. How font size is specified for text in CSS?  An em is equal to the current font - size , for instance, if the font - size  of the document is 12pt, 1em is equal to 12pt 23. What is meant by document object model? The Document Object Model  ( DOM ) is a programming API for HTML and XML documents . It defines the logical structure of documents  and the way a document  is accessed and manipulated. ... The Document Object Model  can be used with any programming language. 24. Define script Collectively, these three special values are called implicit values, in contrast to all other Script  property values, which each refer to one specific script  . 25. List some advantages of JavaScript    Server Load . Being client-side reduces the demand on the website server.    Rich interfaces . Drag and drop components or slider may give a rich interface to your website    Simplicity . JavaScript is relatively simple to learn and implement     Speed . Client-side JavaScript is very fast because it can be run immediately within the client-side browser    Popularity . JavaScript is used everywhere in the web. The resources to learn JavaScript are numerous. 26. What is a variable? The independent variables , also known in a statistical context as regressors, represent inputs or causes, that is, potential reasons for variation. In an experiment, any variable that the experimenter manipulates can be called an independent variable   27. What is an expression?  An expression is a particular concept in computer science in which a number of variables or constants, and operators and functions, are put together in a single statement that is acted on by a particular programming language If Else, else is a expression. 28. What is an assignment operator? In computer programming, an assignment statement  sets and/or re-sets   the value stored in the storage location(s) denoted by a variable name; in other words, it copies a value into the variable. In most imperative programming   languages, the assignment statement (or expression) is a fundamental construct. 29. What is nested-if statement?   The block of code following the else statement  is executed as the condition present in the if statement  is false. nested - if  . A nested if   is an if statement  that is the target of another if statement . Nested if statements  means an if statement  inside another if statement . 30. What is switch statement? In this case , August is printed to standard output. The body of a switch statement is known as a switch  block. A statement  in the switch  block can be labeled with one or more case  or default labels. The switch statement  evaluates its expression, then executes all statements  that follow the matching case  label. 31. What is string data? In programming, a string  is a contiguous (see contiguity) sequence of symbols or values, such as a character string  (a sequence of characters) or a binary digit string  (a sequence of binary values). 
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