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Wirtschaftliche Integration in Asien: Neue Partner oder neue Konkurrenz?

Sind neue Staatengemeinschaften für die EU zugleich auch immer eine neue Gefahr? Ein Blick auf die CEPEA und mögliche Folgen und Implikationen des Zusammenschlusses für die Europäische Union (FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG, ABER AUF ENGLISH).
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Transcript FAZJOB.NET LEBENSWEGE SCHULE  FAZ.NET F.A.Z.-E-PAPERF.A.S.-E-PAPER Anmelden Abo Newsletter Mehr HERAUSGEGEBEN VON WERNER D'INKA,JÜRGEN KAUBE, BERTHOLD KOHLER, HOLGER STELTZNER  24°Frankfurt   Wissen  VIDEO THEMEN BLOGS ARCHIV Samstag, 12.September 2015POLITIK WIRTSCHAFT FINANZEN FEUILLETON SPORT GESELLSCHAFT STIL TECHNIK & MOTOR   WISSEN REISE BERUF & CHANCE RHEIN-MAIN Home Wissen Atomium Culture Wirtschaftliche Integration in Asien: Neue Partner oder neue Konkurrenz?  Wirtschaftliche Integration in Asien Neue Partner oder neue Konkurrenz? Sind neue Staatengemeinschaften für die EU zugleich auch immer eine neueGef ahr? Ein Blick auf die CEPEA und mögliche Folgen und Implikationen desZusammenschlusses für die Europäische Union. 22.07.2013, von MARCIN GRABOWSKI, JAGIELLONIAN UNIVERSITY IN KRAKOW T he Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) decidedto create an ASEAN Economic Community and the East AsianSummit (EAS; comprising ASEAN countries plus China, India, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and South Korea) has considered © PICTURE-ALLIANCE/ DPA Präsidenten, Premierminister und der Generalsekretär der ASEAN-Staaten beim ASEAN-Gipfel imthailändischen Cha Am im März 2009 Die Zukunft desSex  the creation of a Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA). Those developments have raised concerns amongsome Europeans. A particular concern is whether those twoeconomic communities will present opportunities or threats to theEuropean Union (EU). Others wonder whether those communities will follow the EU’s pattern of development. This article briefly describes the current state of regional economic integration in East Asia and the possibility of problems, from a European perspective,arising from such actions in East Asia.The EU is an advanced, political and economic integration group of 27 countries and forms the largest economic unit in the world witha gross domestic product (GDP) of approximately US$ 15 trillion,followed by the U.S. with a GDP of more than US$ 14 trillion andChina with a GDP of more than US$ 11 trillion. Europeanintegration started with the Treaty of Rome establishing theEuropean Coal and Steel Community in 1952 and culminated withcreation of the EU under the 1993 Treaty of Maastricht. The EUoperates as a common market system; that is, it allows freemovement of goods, services, capital and labour among members. Among some EU countries, integration has also resulted in acommon currency, the Euro. However, the EU has also been asource of difficulty, as some EU members (for example Greece)could not fulfil the EU’s convergence criteria. Towards Full Harmonization Of Economic Policies Regardless, the EU is now a legal entity and has achieved thehighest level of economic and political integration in history. Thereare several stages by which economic integration can be classified.Under the economic integration theory of economist Bela Balassa,the stages of economic integration include: free trade areas in which there are no internal trade barriers; customs union in whichthere is a common external tariff; common market in which thereis free flow of goods, services, capital and labour; monetary unionin which there is a common currency and unified monetary policies; and economic union in which there is full harmonizationof economic policies. Another aspect of economic integration is related to the “optimumcurrency area” theory of Robert Mundell, who noticed thatcountries that join a monetary union lose their monetary policy   Mehr zum Thema tools, but, as a result, those countries can operate in a harmonizedeconomic environment. Regardless, as recently seen in the EU,economic harmony has its difficulties and creation of a common,unified response may not be possible when countries do not agreeon economic policies. Thus, integration is still a problem within theEU - will there be such an issue in East Asia? Cooperation With the EU Is On it's Way  East Asia encompasses several overlapping and potentially competing organizations that can be characterised by a variety of economic and political aspects. For example, ASEAN, created in1967 as a response to communist influences in the Southeast Asia.There were five Southeast Asian countries at ASEAN formation;currently all Southeast Asian countries but Timor Leste aremembers. ASEAN expanded in the 1990s and initiated closereconomic cooperation, finally deciding in 2003 to create an ASEAN Economic Community.The current ASEAN total GDP is approximately US$ 2.6 trillion, well below that of the EU (US$ 15 trillion). The ASEAN EconomicCommunity is at an integration stage that is between a customsunion and a common market. ASEAN has expressed its willingnessto cooperate with Europe by modelling itself on the European formof economic integration. Based on such willingness, the EU shoulduse this opportunity to cooperate with ASEAN, as the success of  ASEAN will be beneficial for Asian stability, which, in turn willproduce economic opportunities for the EU.The EAS is a trade-related forum held annually since 2005 among18 countries. The joint GDP of the current 18 current members isapproximately US$ 42 trillion, significantly greater than that of theEU. On that basis, the EU may react anxiously. However, such alarge economic structure can increase the stability of the East Asian region. Moreover, the creation of CEPEA, although still notpast the concept stage, would be helpful if it helps the formation of an economic relationship with the EU. Such a relationship wouldhelp balance the EU’s economic influence in the East Asia region with that of the US.The achievement of ahigh level of economic  © Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH 2001 - 2015 Alle Rechte vorbehalten.  Asiatische Grenzstreitigkeiten: Asean-Gipfelfordert China zur Entspannung auf  Zur Homepage integration within East Asia may be difficult, but there are suggestions (including one promoting a commoncurrency) that such a higher stage can be reached. Although the EUis unique, the development of similar unions among Asiancountries that are modelled on the EU, should be treated as apositive opportunity for the EU - positive, as it would result in amore competitive world economy and an increase in economicdevelopment in Europe.Moreover, unifying Asian countries and their economies is anopportunity for Europe because it increases regional stability andpermits the development of additional socio-economicpartnerships. The United States is currently taking advantage of these positive opportunities (evidenced by the US joining the EASin 2011). To enhance the integration of the EU into the world’seconomy, the EU should alter its Asian policy so that the EU alsotakes advantage of these opportunities. Only then will the EU not be seen as afraid of a strong, unified Asia; instead, they will benefitfrom it. Atomium CultureHier können Sie die Rechte an diesem Artikel erwerben  
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