Documents

1965 Soviet economic reform (en.wikipredia.org).doc

Description
1965 Soviet economic reform From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the first Kosygin reform. For other uses, see 1979 Soiet economic reform. ! propaganda poster promoting the reform. The poster reads #We $re forging the keys of happiness# The 1965 Soviet economic reform, %idely referred to simply as the Kosygin reform or Liberman reform, %as a reform of economic management and planning, carried out bet%een 19&' and 1971. (t %as characteri)ed by the introduction of capita
Categories
Published
of 3
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  1965 Soviet economic reform From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThis article is about the first Kosygin reform. For other uses, see 1979 Soiet economic reform. ! propaganda poster promoting the reform. The poster reads #We $re forging the keys of happiness# The 1965 Soviet economic reform , %idely referred to simply as the Kosygin reform  or Liberman reform , %as a reform of economic management and planning, carried out bet%een 19&' and 1971. (t %as characteri)ed by the introduction of capitalist methods of management, increased economic independence of enterprises, associations and organi)ations, and the e*tensie use of methods of material incenties. (t %as initiated by the +remier of the Soiet nion, !le*ei Kosygin. Contents ã 1 -ationale ã  (mplementation ã / -esults ã 0 hanges in prices in the Soiet nion, 19&231979 ã ' -eferences  Rationale The reform %as initiated due to the increasing comple*ity of economic relations, %hich reduced the efficacy of economic planning, and the desire to make fuller use of economic gro%th. (t %as recogni)ed that the e*isting system of planning did not motiate enterprises to reach high targets or to introduce organi)ational or technical innoations. 415 The basic ideas of reform %ere first published in a paper by professor 6sei iberman of the Kharki (nstitute of 6ngineering and 6conomics. This paper marked the beginning of an e*tensie economical discussion in the Soiet press, and dre% e*tensie criticism. Seeral economic e*periments 45  %ere initiated to test iberman$s proposals.-eformers adocated greater freedom for indiidual enterprises from outside controls and sought to turn the enterprises$ economic ob8ecties to%ard making a profit. 4/5 Implementation +rime inister !leksey Kosygin championed iberman$s proposals and succeeded in incorporating them into a general economic reform program approed in September 19&'. This reform included scrapping Khrushche$s regional economic councils in faor of resurrecting the central industrial ministries of the Stalin era. 4/5 The reform %as implemented by the entral ommittee of the ommunist +arty of the Soiet nion and the ouncil of inisters. (t consisted of fie #groups of actiities#: 1.The enterprises became main economic units..The number of policy targets %as reduced from /2 to 9. The rest remained indicators: total output at current %holesale prices, the most important products in physical units, the total  payroll, total profits and profitability, e*pressed as the ratio of profit to fi*ed assets and %orking capital normali)ed payments to the budget and appropriations from the budget total capital inestment targets for the introduction of ne% technology, the olume of supply of ra% materials and e;uipment./.6conomic independence of enterprises. 6nterprises %ere re;uired to determine the detailedrange and ariety of products, using their o%n funds to inest in production, establish long3term contractual arrangements %ith suppliers and customers and to determine the number of personnel.0.Key importance %as attached to the integral indicators of economic efficiency of  production < profits and profitability. There %as the opportunity to create a number of funds based on the e*pense of profits < funds for the deelopment of production, material incenties, housing, etc. The enterprise %as allo%ed to use the funds at its discretion.'.+ricing: Wholesale sales prices no% had to be profitable.  Results =pposition from party liberals and cautious managers soon stalled the iberman reforms, forcing the Soiet goernment to abandon them. 4/5 Changes in prices in the Soviet Union 196! 19#9 (n agriculture, the prices paid for goods rose by 1.'3 times. 4 citation needed  5 !erage annual gro%th, > yearsgross social pro$uctnational income 19&1<19&'&,'&,'19&&<19727,07,71971<197'&,0',7197'<19790,00,06conomic performance oer the preious year ?19&2 @ 122A yeargross outputnumber of employe$ personsfi%e$ pro$uctive assets 19&'10B1/1B&19721&/11'1'197'1/712B1'1197911&1271/0 References 1.+rotocol of the nd ongress of the +S, osco% 19&1.#The Colsheik# ?osco%A, #ighthouse# ?DorkyA mines in Western oal Casin ?kraineA/.Dlenn 6. urtis, ed. ?199&A. #The Cre)hne 6ra# . .S. Doernment +rinting =ffice, for the ibrary of ongress., in  Russia: A Country Study
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks