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A concise dictionary of words in the Hebrew Bible (Strong)

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A concise dictionary of words in the Hebrew Bible (Strong)
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  A CONSISE DICTIONARY OF THE WORDS IN THE HEBREW BIBLE; WITH THEIR RENDERINGS IN THE AUTHORIZED ENGLISH VERSION: BY JAMES STRONG, S.T.D., LL.D.  PREFACETHIS work, although prepared as a companion to the Exhaustive Concordance, to whichit is specially adapted is here paged and printed so that it can be bound separately, in the belief that a brief and simple Dictionary of the Biblical Hebrew and Chaldee will beuseful to students and others, who do not care at all times to consult a more copious andelaborate Lexicon; and it will be particularly serviceable to many who are unable to turnconveniently and rapidly, amid the perplexities and details of foreign characters withwhich the pages of Gesenius and Furst bristle, to the fundamental and essential points of information that they are seeking. Even scholars will find here, not only all of a strictlyverbal character which they most frequently want in ordinary consultation of a lexicon, but numerous srcinal suggestions, relations, and distinctions, carefully made and clearly put, which are not unworthy of their attention, especially in the affinities of roots and theclassification of meanings. The compact form and moderate cost of the book, it is hoped,will facilitate its use with all classes. The vocabulary is complete as to the ground-formsthat actually occur in the biblical text (or  Kethib ), with the pointing that properly belongsto them. Their designation by numbers will especially aid those who are not veryfamiliar with the srcinal language, and the Anglicizing and pronunciation of the wordswill not come amiss to multitudes who have some acquaintance with it. The addition of the renderings in the common version will greatly contribute to fixing and extending thevaried significations and applications of the Hebrew and Chaldee words, as well as tocorrecting their occasionally wrong translations. On this account, as well as for the sakeof precision and to prevent repetition, the use of the same terms in the precedingdefinitions has been avoided wherever practicable. The design of the volume, being purely lexical  , does not include grammatical, archaeological, or exegetical details, whichwould have swelled its size and encumbered its plan.By observing the subjoined directions, in the associated use of the Main and ComparativeConcordances, the reader will have substantially a Concordance-Dictionary of both theAuthorized and the Revised English Versions, as well as of the Hebrew Bible.Copyright. 1890. By JAMES STRONG,MADISON, NJ  PLAN OF THE BOOK 1. All the srcinal words are treated in their alphabetical Hebrew order, and are numberedregularly from the first to the last, each being known throughout by its appropriatenumber. This renders reference easy without recourse to the Hebrew characters2. Immediately after each word is given its exact equivalent in English letters, accordingto the system of transliteration laid down in the scheme here following, which issubstantially that adopted in the Common English Version, only more consistently anduniformly carried out; so that the word could be readily be turned back again into Hebrewfrom the form thus given it.3. Next follows the precise pronunciation, according to the usual English mode of sounding syllables, so plainly indicated that none can fail to apprehend and apply it. Themost approved sounds are adopted, as laid down in the annexed scheme of articulation,and in such a way that any good Hebraist would immediately recognize the word if so pronounce, notwithstanding the minor variations current among scholars in this respect.4. Then ensues a tracing of the etymology, radical meaning, and applied signification of the word, justly but tersely analyzed and expressed, with any other important peculiaritiesin this regard.5. In the case of proper names, the same method is pursued, and at this point the regular mode of Anglicizing it, after the general style of the Common English Version, is given,and a few words of explanation are added to identify it.6. Finally (after the punctuation-mark :--) are given all the different renderings of theword in the Authorized English Version, arranged in the alphabetical order of the leadingterms, and conveniently condensed according to the explanations given below.By searching out these various renderings in the MAIN CONCORDANCE, to which thisdictionary is designed as a companion, and noting the passages to which the samenumber corresponding to that of any given Hebrew word is attached in the marginalcolumn, the reader, whether acquainted with the srcinal language or not, will obtain acomplete Hebrew Concordance also, expressed in the words of the Common EnglishVersion. This is an advantage which no other Concordance or Lexicon affords.  SIGNS EMPLOYED+ ( addition ) denotes a rendering in the A.V. of one or more Heb. words inconnection with the one under consideration.X ( multiplication ) denotes a rendering in the A.V. that results from an idiom peculiar to the Heb. o  ( degree ), appended to a Heb.word, denotes a vowel-pointing correct from the text.(This mark is set in Heb. Bibles over syllables in which the vowels of the marg. Have been inserted instead of those properly belonging to the text.)( ) (  parenthesi s), in the renderings from the A.V., denotes a word or syllablesometimes given in connection with the principle word to which it is annexed.[ ] ( bracket  ), in the rendering from the A.V., denotes the inclusion of an additionalword in the Heb.  Itallics,  at the end of a rendering from the A.V., denote an explanation of the variationsfrom the usual form.  Strong’s Hebrew SH1 1 'ab awb  a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application):--chief, (fore-)father(-less), X patrimony, principal. Compare names in "Abi-". SH2  2 'ab ab  (Aramaic) corresponding to 1:--father. see SH1 SH3  3 'eb abe  from the same as 24; a green plant:--greenness, fruit. see SH24 SH4  4 'eb abe  (Aramaic) corresponding to 3:--fruit. see SH3 SH5  5 'Abagtha' ab-ag-thaw'  of foreign srcin; Abagtha, a eunuch of Xerxes:--Abagtha. SH6  6 'abad aw-bad'  a primitive root; properly, to wander away, i.e. lose oneself; by implication to perish (causative, destroy):--break, destroy(- uction), + not escape, fail,
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