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A Connectivity-Driven Development Strategy for Nepal: From a Landlocked to a Land-Linked State

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Nepal's lackluster economic performance during the post-conflict period (that is, after November 2006) has been driven by remittances from the export of labor services and the improved performance of the agricultural sector, which is still very much weather dependent. The authors make the case for a connectivity-driven development strategy for the country. They argue that improved connectivity within Nepal and cross-border connectivity with its neighbors in South Asia, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the People's Republic of China (PRC) that are converting Nepal from a landlocked into a land-linked state, could be important engines of growth for the country. It is argued that such a development strategy is not a new one for Nepal as in the past the country was strategically located on the Southwestern Silk Road (SSR). A number of factors have revived the case for making Nepal a land-linked state in Asia. Nepal has adopted a multi-track approach to promoting regional cooperation and integration in connectivity with its neighbors. But a lot more needs to be done, especially in the context of the difficult political situation in the country, and donors have an important role to play in this regard. Ten priority projects to convert Nepal into a land-linked state are identified, but a detailed impact analysis of these projects is beyond the scope of this paper.
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    EMHJ Ydraj`i Replr Wlrjls E Gd``lgtjvjty-Mrjvl` Mlvlcdpkl`t Wtretliy ndr @lpec? Nrdk e Ce`mcdgalm td e Ce`m-Cj`alm Wtetl Rremuk`e H. Xe`e e`m Hj`dm Aerkegferye @d. =:6 Wlptlkhlr 825=   Esje` Mlvlcdpkl`t He`a J`stjtutl   ]fl Ydraj`i Replr slrjls js e gd`tj`uetjd` dn tfl ndrklrcy `eklm Mjsgussjd` Replr slrjls1 tfl `ukhlrj`i dn tfl peplrs gd`tj`ulm wjtfdut j`tlrruptjd` dr gfe`il. EMHJ‚s wdraj`i peplrs rlnclgt j`jtjec jmles d` e tdpjg e`m erl pdstlm d`cj`l ndr mjsgussjd`. EMHJ l`gdureils rlemlrs td pdst tfljr gdkkl`ts d` tfl kej` peil ndr legf wdraj`i peplr (ijvl` j` tfl gjtetjd` hlcdw). Wdkl wdraj`i peplrs key mlvlcdp j`td dtflr ndrks dn puhcjgetjd`. Wuiilstlm gjtetjd`? Xe`e, R., e`m H. Aerkegferye. 825=. E Gd``lgtjvjty-Mrjvl` Mlvlcdpkl`t Wtretliy ndr @lpec? Nrdk e Ce`mcdgalm td e Ce`m-Cj`alm Wtetl. EMHJ Ydraj`i Replr =:6. ]dayd? Esje` Mlvlcdpkl`t He`a J`stjtutl. Evejcehcl? fttp?//www.emhj.dri/wdraj`i-peplr/825=/2:/26/>=2:.gd``lgtjvjty.mlv.stretliy.`lpec/ Rclesl gd`tegt tfl eutfdrs ndr j`ndrketjd` ehdut tfjs peplr. Lkejc? Rre`eB`tu.lmu.si, haerkegferyeBikejc.gdk Rremuk`e H. Xe`e js e` essdgjetl prdnlssdr et tfl W. Xeoeret`ek Wgfddc dn J`tlr`etjd`ec Wtumjls, @e`ye`i ]lgf`dcdijgec \`jvlrsjty, Wj`iepdrl. Hj`dm Aerkegferye js e` emvjsdr et tfl Wdutf Esje Gl`trl ndr Rdcjgy Wtumjls (WEGLRW), Aetfke`mu, @lpec Rrlperlm ndr tfl EMH‗EMHJ stumy d` –Gd``lgtj`i Wdutf Esje e`m Lest Esje.‛ ]fl eutfdrs erl iretlnuc ndr tfl gdkkl`ts rlgljvlm et tfl ]lgf`jgec Ydrasfdp flcm d` >‗9 @dvlkhlr 8257. ]fl vjlws lxprlsslm j` tfjs peplr erl tfl vjlws dn tfl eutfdr e`m md `dt `lglsserjcy rlnclgt tfl vjlws dr pdcjgjls dn EMHJ, EMH, jts Hderm dn Mjrlgtdrs, dr tfl idvlr`kl`ts tfly rlprlsl`t. EMHJ mdls `dt iuere`tll tfl egguregy dn tfl mete j`gcumlm j` tfjs peplr e`m egglpts `d rlspd`sjhjcjty ndr e`y gd`slqul`gls dn tfljr usl. ]lrkj`dcdiy uslm key `dt `lglsserjcy hl gd`sjstl`t wjtf EMH dnnjgjec tlrks. Ydraj`i peplrs erl suholgt td ndrkec rlvjsjd` e`m gdrrlgtjd` hlndrl tfly erl nj`ecjzlm e`m gd`sjmlrlm puhcjsflm. –$‛ rlnlrs td \W mdccers, u`clss dtflrwjsl stetlm.  Esje` Mlvlcdpkl`t He`a J`stjtutl Aesukjieslaj Hujcmj`i 6N 7-8-< Aesukjieslaj, Gfjydme-au ]dayd 522->226, Oepe` ]lc? +65-7-7<:7-<<22 Nex? +65-7-7<:7-<<95 \XC? www.emhj.dri L-kejc? j`ndBemhj.dri © 825= Esje` Mlvlcdpkl`t He`a J`stjtutl   EMHJ Ydraj`i Replr =:6 Xe`e e`m Aerkegferye Ehstregt @lpec‚s cegacustlr lgd`dkjg plrndrke`gl murj`i tfl pdst-gd`ncjgt plrjdm (tfet js, entlr @dvlkhlr 822>) fes hll` mrjvl` hy rlkjtte`gls nrdk tfl lxpdrt dn cehdr slrvjgls e`m tfl jkprdvlm plrndrke`gl dn tfl eirjgucturec slgtdr, wfjgf js stjcc vlry kugf wletflr mlpl`ml`t. ]fl eutfdrs keal tfl gesl ndr e gd``lgtjvjty-mrjvl` mlvlcdpkl`t stretliy ndr tfl gdu`try. ]fly eriul tfet jkprdvlm gd``lgtjvjty wjtfj` @lpec e`m grdss-hdrmlr gd``lgtjvjty wjtf jts `ljifhdrs j` Wdutf  Esje, tfl Essdgjetjd` dn Wdutflest Esje` @etjd`s (EWLE@), e`m tfl Rldpcl‚s Xlpuhcjg dn Gfj`e (RXG) tfet erl gd`vlrtj`i @lpec nrdk e ce`mcdgalm j`td e ce`m-cj`alm stetl, gducm hl jkpdrte`t –l`ij`ls dn irdwtf‛ ndr tfl gdu`try. Jt js eriulm tfet sugf e mlvlcdpkl`t stretliy js `dt e `lw d`l ndr @lpec es j` tfl pest tfl gdu`try wes stretlijgeccy cdgetlm d` tfl Wdutfwlstlr` Wjca Xdem (WWX). E `ukhlr dn negtdrs fevl rlvjvlm tfl gesl ndr keaj`i @lpec e ce`m-cj`alm stetl j`  Esje. @lpec fes emdptlm e kuctj-trega epprdegf td prdkdtj`i rlijd`ec gddplretjd` e`m j`tliretjd` j` gd``lgtjvjty wjtf jts `ljifhdrs. Hut e cdt kdrl `llms td hl md`l, lsplgjeccy j` tfl gd`tlxt dn tfl mjnnjguct pdcjtjgec sjtuetjd` j` tfl gdu`try, e`m md`drs fevl e` jkpdrte`t rdcl td pcey j` tfjs rlierm. ]l` prjdrjty prdolgts td gd`vlrt @lpec j`td e ce`m-cj`alm stetl erl jml`tjnjlm, hut e mltejclm jkpegt e`ecysjs dn tflsl prdolgts js hlyd`m tfl sgdpl dn tfjs peplr. OLC Gcessjnjgetjd`?  N5<   ]fjs peplr wes prdmuglm es pert dn tfl EMH‗EMHJ nceisfjp prdolgt d` –Gd``lgtj`i Wdutf Esje e`m Wdutflest Esje.‛    EMHJ Ydraj`i Replr =:6 Xe`e e`m Aerkegferye Gd`tl`ts 5.   J`trdmugtjd` ..................................................................................................................... 7   8.   Xlgl`t Lgd`dkjg Rlrndrke`gl ...................................................................................... =   7.   J`nrestrugutrl Mlvlcdpkl`t J`mjgetdrs ndr @lpec ............................................................. 9   =.   @lpec‚s Wtretlijg Cdgetjd` e`m Jts Fjstdrjgec Xdcl es e Ce`m-cj`alm Wtetl ....................... :   <.   ]fl Gesl ndr Xlvjvj`i @lpec‚s Xdcl es e Ce`m-cj`alm Wtetl ..........................................55   >.   @lpec‚s Xlijd`ec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Rdcjgjls ..................................................5>   >.5   @etjd`ec Rdcjgjls ..................................................................................................5>   >.8   Hjcetlrec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Rdcjgjls ......................................................5:   >.7   Wuhrlijd`ec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Rdcjgjls ................................................85   >.=   Xlijd`ec Rdcjgjls .................................................................................................85   >.<   J`tlr-rlijd`ec Rdcjgjls ..........................................................................................88   >.>   Kuctjcetlrec? Ydrcm ]reml Drie`jzetjd` e`m @lpec ................................................88   9.   D`idj`i e`m Rrjdrjty Gd``lgtjvjty-rlcetlm Xlijd`ec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Rrdolgts j` @lpec ...........................................................................................................87   9.5   Xlgl`tcy Gdkpcltlm e`m D`idj`i Xlijd`ec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Rrdolgts ................................................................................................................87   9.8   Rrjdrjty Xlijd`ec Gddplretjd` e`m J`tliretjd` Gd``lgtjvjty Rrdolgts ndr @lpec ...................................................................................................................8=   6.   Gd`gcusjd`s ...................................................................................................................8<   Xlnlrl`gls ...............................................................................................................................89    Eppl`mjx 5 ................................................................................................................................8:    Eppl`mjx 8 ................................................................................................................................72    Eppl`mjx 7 ................................................................................................................................77  

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Jul 26, 2017
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