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A dinamização político-religiosa da língua portuguesa na Idade Média

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Na Idade Média, a corte, necessitada de concentrar o poder, procura uma coesão linguística. Assim, o português arcaico torna-se um veículo de propaganda régia, em detrimento do latim, uma língua menos acessível ao leitor vulgar. Normas e disposições legislativas são emanadas em vernáculo para serem melhor entendidas por todos os membros do reino. Por sua vez, o teocentrismo, que legitima a relação medieval entre o trono e o altar, pode ser encontrado nos primórdios da prosa literária portuguesa. Pela sua finalidade parenética, entendida à luz da função civilizadora da Igreja, várias narrativas apologéticas são vertidas para o vernáculo para persuadirem o maior número de leitores a edificarem-se em termos éticos e morais.
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  ^ëefjk | 088  Bfstórfk h Cudturk , Arkjck, v. 8, j. 0, p. 088-05=, sht. 0>;1. K MFJKIF_KÅÃG ^GDÉ]FCG-PHDFEFGSK MK DÉJEXK ^GP]XEXHSK JK FMKMH IÆMFK ]BH ^GDF]FCKD KJM PHDFEFGXS HJBKJCHIHJ] GA ]BH ^GP]XEXHSH DKJEXKEH FJ ]BH IFMMDH KEHS Kjtójfg Ikrtfjs EGIHS * ;   Phsuig ?  Jk Fmkmh Iæmfk, k cgrth, jhchssftkmk mh cgjchjtrkr g pgmhr, prgcurk uik cghsãg dfjeuéstfck. Kssfi, g pgrtueuïs krckfcg tgrjk-sh ui vhécudg mh prgpkekjmk ræefk, hi mhtrfihjtg mg dktfi, uik déjeuk ihjgs kchssévhd kg dhftgr vudekr. Jgriks h mfspgsfåøhs dhefsdktfvks sãg hikjkmks hi vhrjëcudg pkrk shrhi ihdbgr hjthjmfmks pgr tgmgs gs ihi`rgs mg rhfjg. ^gr suk vhz, g thgchjtrfsig, quh dheftfik k rhdkåãg ihmfhvkd hjtrh g trgjg h g kdtkr, pgmh shr hjcgjtrkmg jgs prfiórmfgs mk prgsk dfthrërfk pgrtueuhsk. ^hdk suk afjkdfmkmh pkrhjætfck, hjthjmfmk î duz mk aujåãg cfvfdfzkmgrk mk Ferhok, vërfks jkrrktfvks kpgdgeætfcks sãg vhrtfmks pkrk g vhrjëcudg  pkrk phrsukmfrhi g ikfgr jÿihrg mh dhftgrhs k hmfafckrhi-sh hi thrigs ætfcgs h igrkfs. ^kdkvrks-cbkvh?  vhrjëcudg, trgjg h kdtkr, dhefsdkåãg,  scrfptgrfui , pkræjhsh. K`strkct ? Fj tbh Ifmmdh Kehs, tbh Pgykd Cgurt, fj jhhm tg cgjchjtrkth pgwhr, shhls gut k dfjeufstfc cgbhsfgj. ]bus, Gdm ^grtueuhsh `hcgihs k ihkjs ga rgykd prgpkekjmk, kt tbh hxphjsh ga Dktfj, k dhss kcchssf`dh dkjeukeh tg tbh cgiigj rhkmhr. Pudhs kjm dkws krh fssuhm fj vhrjkcudkr, fj grmhr tg `h  `htthr ujmhrstggm `y kdd ihi`hrs ga tbh rhkdi. Fj turj, tbhgchjtrfsi, `y dheftfifzfje tbh rhdktfgjsbfp `htwhhj tbh tbrgjh kjm tbh kdtkr, ckj `h agujm fj hkrdy ^grtueuhsh dfthrkry prgsh. Agr fts pkrkhjhtfckd purpgsh, fj tbh dfebt ga tbh Cburcb ‖s  cfvfdfzfje rgdh, shvhrkd kpgdgehtfc jkrrktfvhs krh trkjsdkthm fjtg vhrjkcudkr, fj grmhr tg phrsukmh ikjy rhkmhrs tg bkvh kj htbfckd kjm igrkd dfah. Lhywgrms?  vhrjkcudkr, tbrgjh kjm kdtkr, dhefsdktfgj,  scrfptgrfui , pkrkhjhsfs. G ihssfkjfsig hxfsthjth juik kjtfek dhjmk, sheujmg k qukd g hspkåg ehgerëafcg  pgrtueuïs hstkrfk mhstfjkmg k shr —^grtg mh k`rfeg’ h rhchptëcudg mg iétfcg cëdfch skerkmg, g suprhig séi`gdg mg Crfstfkjfsig h mk huckrfstfk cktódfck, phrifth-jgs cgiprhhjmhr, sg` uik phrsphctfvk hsgtærfck, g igmg sfjeudkr cgig æ aujmkmg ui jgvg rhfjg f`ærfcg, cuogs mfrfehjths frãg thjtkr, mhsmh g rhfjkmg mh Mgi Kagjsg Bhjrfquhs, g`thr k suk jhchssërfk dheftfikåãg thipgrkd h hspfrftukd cgig Hstkmg? phdk vfk thipgrkd h mg mfrhftg *  Mgutgrkmg hi Hstumgs Kjedg-^grtueuhshs. Mgchjth mg Mhpkrtkihjtg mh Hstumgs ^grtueuhshs mk Akcudmkmh mh Cfïjcfks Sgcfkfs h Buikjks - Xjfvhrsfmkmh Jgvk mh Dfs`gk. Ihi`rg mg CBKI  –   ACSB/XJD. H-ikfd? kiegihsNacsb.ujd.pt.  ^ëefjk | 081  Bfstórfk h Cudturk , Arkjck, v. 8, j. 0, p. 088-05=, sht. 0>;1. cfvfd, ktrkvæs mg shu rhcgjbhcfihjtg gafcfkd phdk Ferhok Cktódfck h pgr gutrgs rhfjgs mh kquæi h kdæi-ikr< h phdk vfk hspfrftukd h mg mfrhftg mfvfjg, ksshjth juik sódfmk rhdkåãg hjtrh trgjg h kdtkr, cgjagrih k jkrrktfvk, auturkihjth pgstk hi crójfck, mg ifdkerh mh Gurfquh. Dgeg kg jkschr, ^grtuekd, sftukmg jui dgckd rhigtg gjmh, sheujmg k hpgphfk ckigjfkjk , —k thrrk sh kck`k h g ikr cgihåk’ ( Gs Dusékmks , FFF, 0>), kssfsth î mfjkifzkåãg mk suk déjeuk próprfk, cuok aksh fjfcfkd k`rkjeh, hi thrigs ehrkfs mh  prgmuåãg dfthrërfk h cudturkd, ikfs mh trïs sæcudgs? g phrégmg mg trgvkmgrfsig ekdkfcg- pgrtueuïs, kg dgjeg mgs sæcudgs RFFF h RFQ, h g phrégmg mk crgjéstfck h mk pghsfk  pkdkcfkjk, jg sæcudg RQ.  Jg sæcudg RFFF, g Dktfi æ fjmu`ftkvhdihjth k déjeuk ikfs prhstfefkmk mk cfvfdfzkåãg gcfmhjtkd, shjmg prktfckmk jk `urgcrkcfk cgrthsã h kckmæifck, jks jhegcfkåøhs mfpdgiëtfcks, jg mh`kth fjthdhctukd, h jks chrfiójfks dftÿrefcks. Jg hjtkjtg, hstk ihsik cfrcujstàjcfk mh prhmgiéjfg dfjeuéstfcg jãg fjvkdfmk quh g rhf M. Kagjsg FF (;;28-;003) sh kphrch`k mh quh k ikjuthjåãg mk fjmhphjmïjcfk mgs thrrftórfgs cgjqufstkmgs, cgjouekmk cgi k jhchssfmkmh mh chjtrkdfzkr g pgmhr ræefg, shrë ikfs `hi-suchmfmk pgr vfk mg rhcursg k uik ujfmkmh dfjeuéstfck kg dgjeg mh tgmg g rhfjg, kfjmk shi k suk hxpkjsãg udtrkikrfjk. Hi ;0;;, kpós thr rhujfmg, hi Cgrths, rhprhshjtkjths mk jg`rhzk h mg cdhrg, Mgi Kagjsg FF keh hi cgjagrifmkmh cgi g shu mhshog mh cghsãg dfjeuéstfck h grmhjk quh hssh cgjoujtg mh dhfs kprgvkmg hi Cgfi`rk shok, phdk prfihfrk vhz, dkvrkmg pgr hscrftg. ^krk hssh ihsig prgpósftg, æ fjkueurkmk k Cbkjchdkrfk Pæefk, uik rhpkrtfåãg rhspgjsëvhd sg`rhtumg phdk rhmkcåãg, kuthjtfckåãg h hxphmfåãg mgs mgcuihjtgs  prgmuzfmgs phdks Cgrths h phdg igjkrck. Xik mks prfihfrks dhfs ehrkfs hikjkmks jhssh kjg æ rhmfefmk prhcfskihjth pgr kquhdk quh æ cgjsfmhrkmk k sheujmk Cbkjchdkrfk Pæefk fjstftuémk k jévhd hurgphu, h prgé`h gs fjsphctgrhs gafcfkfs mg rhfjg h gs shjbgrhs mks thrrks mh cg`rkrhi gs shus mfrhftgs mh pksskehi, tkjtg hi mfjbhfrg cgig hi pkrth mk ihrckmgrfk, kgs mgjgs mh jkvfgs pgrtueuhshs gu hstrkjehfrgs quh kpgrthi hi pgrtgs jkcfgjkfs pgr hstkrhi hi phrfeg jg ikr. ^krk quh k suk dhfturk pgssk shr kchssévhd k dhfegs, shi cgjbhcfihjtgs suafcfhjths pkrk hjthjmhr k déjeuk dktfjk, g mgcuihjtg hstë rhmfefmg hi déjeuk vhrjëcudk? Stk`hdhåhigs quh jhjbui jgi dhuh cgusk kkquhdhs quh kckhåhr  phrfegg jg ikr, kssy mgs mk jgssk thrrk cgih mgs mks gutrks, sh kckhåhr  phr `rftkihjtg mh jkuh gu mh jkufg, kdeŦk cgus k quh kjmkssh jk jkuh  ^ëefjk | 085  Bfstórfk h Cudturk , Arkjck, v. 8, j. 0, p. 088-05=, sht. 0>;1. gu jg jkufg quh kpgrtksh jk rrf`hyrk gu hj kdeuui pgrtg, ikfs gs sshjbgrhs m ‖hssks cgusks ko ki-jks tgmks hj pkx, kssy quh gs jgssgs kdiuxkrfahs jgi dhuhi m ‖ hdhs cgusk, jhi kquhddhs quh mh jgs ks thrrks thuhrhi, jhi jhjbuui gutrg. Ck sshi rrkzgi pkrhåh quh kquhd quh bh ktgrihjtkkmg mkr-dbf bgihi gutrg tgrihjtg. Sh phr uhjtuyrk kdeuui cgjtrk hstk jgssk cgjsthtfågi qufshr bfr, rhthhjmg-dbf g sshu kuhr, dhukjmg mgs mkukjmfctgs kdeuik cgusk, ahctk prfihfrkihjth hjtrhek mks   cgusks quh dbf afdbkrgi gu phrmhrgi, phråk qukjtg guuhr. (fj GDFQHFPK, ;61=? p. =;0) K 05 mh Oujbg mh ;0;=, Mgi Kagjsg FF ikjmk rhmfefr g shu thstkihjtg pgdétfcg, tki`æi hi vhrjëcudg. ^gr sh trktkr jãg só mh ui mgcuihjtg ræefg, iks tki`æi mg ikfs kjtfeg mgcuihjtg jgtkrfkd hi déjeuk pgrtueuhsk, gjmh k próprfk aóriudk rhtórfck  prhki`udkr - jgrikdihjth hxkrkmk hi dktfi - sureh trkmuzfmk, hdh æ, mh kcgrmg cgi mfvhrsgs dfjeufstks h bfstgrfkmgrhs, g rhefstg gafcfkd mh ui jgvg fmfgik jg pgjtg ikfs gcfmhjtkd mk Hurgpk. Cgig —  pktrgjg ’  mk déjeuk pgrtueuhsk, Mgi Kagjsg FF më k cgjbhchr k tgmgs gs sÿ`mftgs mg rhfjg ks mfspgsfåøhs k shrhi cuiprfmks kpós k suk igrth, jgihkmkihjth k suchssãg kg trgjg mg shu afdbg vkrãg h k mfstrf`ufåãg mh mfvhrsgs `hjs hjtrh k rkfjbk, gs afdbgs h ks fjstftufåøhs rhdfefgsks. Jhsth thxtg, hjcgjtrkigs pkthjth tkjtg k fjtrfjckmk rhdkåãg ahumkd hstk`hdhcfmk hjtrh g trgjg h g kdtkr, `hi cgig k cgsigvfsãg thgcïjtrfck mg  phjskihjtg ihmfhvkd, sheujmg k qukd tgmk k vfmk thrrhjk æ uik rhprhshjtkåãg mk vgjtkmh mh Mhus< hi cgjshquïjcfk, g pgmhr jk ]hrrk æ kmqufrfmg cgi `ksh jk grfehi mfvfjk, gu shok, jk fmhfk mh quh Mhus h g pkpk, cgig shu fjthrihmfërfg thrrhjg, cgjchmhi g pgmhr mfrhctkihjth kg rhf? Hj'g jgih mh Mhus. Hu rhf mgj Kagjsg phdk erkcfk mh Mhus rhf mh ^grtuekd, shhjmg skjg h skdug, thiìth g mfk mh ifk igrth, k skumh mh ifk kdik h k prgh mh ifk igdfhr rkfjk mgjk Grrkck h mh ihus afdfgs h mh ihus uksskdgs h mh tgmg ihu rhfjg afz ifk iãmk phr quh mh pgs ifk igrth ifk igdfhr h ihus afdfgs h ihu rhfjg h ihus uksskdgs h tgmks kquhdks cgusks quh Mh(us) if mhu hj pgmhr sthj hj pkz h hj agdeãcfk. ^rfihfrkihjth iãmg quh ihu afdfg fjakjth mgj Skjcbg quh hf mk rkfjk mgjk Grrkck kefk ihu rhfjg hjtherkihjth h hj pkz. \…Y. (fj GDFQHFPK, ;61=? pp. 368-361) ^krk g afjkd mg sæcudg RFFF, Dfs`gk tgrjk-sh ui fipgrtkjth jÿcdhg prgmutgr mh cudturk. Kg trkjsahrfr k cgrth ræefk pkrk g sud mk phjéjsudk, mh uik agrik hstrktæefck h  pgjmhrkmk, mfstkjcfkjmg-k kfjmk ikfs mk Ekdfzk, Mgi Mfjfs (;01;-;308) fjstftuf g ^grtueuïs cgig déjeuk gafcfkd mg rhfjg, kjthvhjmg-k kssfi, cgi k suk prëtfck ehjhrkdfzkmk kg jévhd mk grkdfmkmh h mk hscrftk, cgig ui fjstruihjtg mhcfsfvg pkrk,  ^ëefjk | 082  Bfstórfk h Cudturk , Arkjck, v. 8, j. 0, p. 088-05=, sht. 0>;1. fjmhphjmhjthihjth mk cdkssh sgcfkd mh quh ckmk ui akåk pkrth, agrtkdhchr k ujfmkmh  pgdétfck, rhdfefgsk h cudturkd hjtrh tgmgs gs ihi`rgs mk cgiujfmkmh. Kdæi mh hstfiudkr k trkmuåãg mh mfvhrsks g`rks rhdfefgsks h dkfcks pkrk k déjeuk vhrjëcudk tkjtg hi ki`fhjth cgrthsãg cgig igjëstfcg, g tki`æi cgejgifjkmg —rhf Dkvrk mgr’ bhrmk k vhfk pgætfck h k hrumfåãg mg shu kvý Kagjsg R, rhf mh Dhãg h Cksthdk, h më cgjtfjufmkmh kg fipudsg mk dfthrkturk pgrtueuhsk< pkrk hssh hahftg, cgipøh phrtg mh uik chjthjk h ihfk mh ckjtfeks trgvkmgrhscks, ks qukfs vkrfki, jk suk hstruturk agrikd, hjtrh k jgvk ihstrfk mh fipgrtkåãg gccftàjfck, cgi g vhrsg mhckssfdë`fcg, h g vhdbg igth mh grfehi kutóctgjh, cgi ks rhmgjmfdbks ikfgr h ihjgr. G —pdkjtkmgr mh jkus k bkvhr’ - hvgckjmg kquf k ikefstrkd phréarksh cgi quh Ahrjkjmg ^hssgk pghtfckihjth g mhafjh - agf, shi mÿvfmk, g igjkrck quh ikfs h ihdbgr cgjtrf`ufu pkrk mgtkr k dérfck pgrtueuhsk mh iusfckdfmkmh h rftig, tkd cgig g mhigjstrki ks —adgrhs mg vhrmh pfjg’ gu k —sgfmkmh mk shjbgr’. G`shrvhigs, iuftg hi hsphcfkd, k hjehjbgsk ckjtfek mh ihstrfk —^rghjåkhs sghj iuf `hj trg`kr’, cuo k shxtfdbk fjfcfkd sh trkjscrhvh? ^rghjåkhs sghj iuf `hj trg`kr h mfzhj hdhs quh æ cgj kigr< ikfs gs quh trg`kj jg thipg mk argd h jgj hj gutrg, shf hu `hj quh jgj kj tkj erkj cgftk jg shu cgrkågj qukd i'hu pgr ibk shjbgr vhog dhvkr. (CQ ;05, C@J =26) G suohftg dérfcg mfgjfsfkjg cgihåk pgr hjkdthchr, hi ihmfmk  stfdjugvfstk , gs rhprhshjtkjths mk pghsfk prgvhjåkd phdk suk fjcgjtrgvhrsk qukdfmkmh trgvkmgrhsck, iks kck`k pgr crftfcë-dgs, jãg só pgr ckrkcthrfzkrhi k suk mhvgåãg kigrgsk mh agrik krtfafcfgsk h cgjvhjcfgjkd, iks tki`æi phdg akctg mh hstk gcgrrïjcfk sh cgjafjkr kg thipg  prfikvhrfd< phdg cgjtrërfg, g suohftg dérfcg - quh thi jkcfgjkdfmkmh dusk h oë cgjahssk gs shus shjtfihjtgs hi déjeuk vhrjëcudk, hi`grk kfjmk cgi iÿdtfpdks fjthrahrïjcfks ekdkfcks h gccftàjfcks - ikjfahstk uik ikfgr sfjchrfmkmh, phrshvhrkjåk h ckpkcfmkmh mh sgarfihjtg hi rhdkåãg î hdhftk bgihjkehkmk jgs shus vhrsgs. Hi ;06>, M. Mfjfs fjkueurk gs hstumgs ujfvhrsftërfgs cgi k aujmkåãg mg Stumfui Ehjhrkdh . Fjfcfkdihjth, g currécudg mhstk fjstftufåãg phmkeóefck æ dfiftkmg jk gahrtk mh cursgs, pgfs jãg bë hsphcfkdfzkåãg hi ]hgdgefk gu Ihmfcfjk< shjmg grfhjtkmg hsphcfafckihjth pkrk k agrikåãg mh jgvgs cdærfegs, tkd cgig bkvfk sfmg sgdfcftkmg kg pkpk  Jfcgdku FQ, æ cgjstftuémg kphjks phdgs shth pfdkrhs mk hscgdëstfck tgifstk, h æ ifjfstrkmg hi dktfi. Shi k cgiujfckåãg hi déjeuk dktfjk, g iujmg ujfvhrsftërfg shrfk, mh kcgrmg

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Aug 2, 2017
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