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A Nuyorican Looks Back

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A Nuyorican Looks Back
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  O n behalf of the University, I congratulate the McNair Scholars whose hardwork and research are reflected in this year's GVSU McNairScholars’ Journal. Your endeavors are a source of pride to the faculty and staff and amodel for other students to emulate.I offer special thanks to the faculty who served as your mentors, and I look forwardto seeing each of you among the leaders, professors, and scholars of tomorrow.Mary A. Seeger, Dean Academic Resources and Special Programs Dean Mary A. Seeger, Ph.D. Director  Arnie Smith-Alexander Associate Director Dolli Lutes Project Manager Dolli Lutes Editor Nancy J.Crittenden Cover Design Grand Valley State University Communications  Journal Printing Grandville Printing Photography  John Corriveau/coverCourtney NewbauerHeidi Noorman Graphic Design and Production Cindy Hoekstra Grand Valley State UniversityFaculty Mentors and Research Editors  Janet Brashler, Ph.D.Professor of Anthropology Victoria Brehm, Ph.D. Associate Professor of English John Drabinski, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Philosophy Avis Hewitt, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of EnglishGeorge Lundskow, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of SociologyMark R. Luttenton, Ph.D. Associate Professor of BiologyDennis Malaret, Ph.D. Associate Professor of SociologyKimmarie Murphy, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Anthropology James L. Persoon, Ph.D.Professor of English James R. Smither, Ph.D.Professor of HistoryDavid Stark, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of History Jennifer Stewart, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Sociology Anthony Thompson, M.F.A. Assistant Professorof School of CommunicationChristian Trefftz, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Computer Scienceand Information SystemsSteve Tripp, Ph.D.Professor of History Message from the Dean  R onald Erwin McNair was born October 21, 1950, in Lake City, South Carolina,to Carl and Pearl McNair. He attended North Carolina A&T State Universitywhere he graduated Magna Cum Laude with a B.S. degree in physics in 1971.McNair then enrolled in the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology.In 1976, at the age of 26, he earned his Ph.D. in physics.McNair soon became a recognized expert in laser physics whileworking as a staff physicist with Hughes Research Laboratory. He wasselected by NASA for the space shuttle program in 1978 and was a missionspecialist aboard the 1984 flight of the USS Challenger space shuttle. After his death in the USS Challenger space shuttle accident in January 1986, members of Congress provided funding for the Ronald E.McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement Program. The goal is to encouragelow-income, first generation students, as well as students who are traditionallyunder-represented in graduate schools, to expand their opportunities by pursuinggraduate studies. Ronald E. McNair, Ph.D. 2 Before You Can Make A Dream Come True,You Must First Have One. — Ronald E. McNair, Ph.D. Ronald E. McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement Program The Purpose The McNair Scholars Program isdesigned to prepare highly talentedundergraduates to pursue doctoraldegrees and to increase the number of individuals (from the target groups) oncollege and university faculties. Who are McNair Scholars? The McNair Scholars are highlytalented undergraduate students whoare from families with no previouscollege graduate, low-incomebackground or groups under-represented at the graduate level fordoctoral studies. The program acceptsstudentsfrom all disciplines. Program Services The McNair Scholars are matched withfaculty research mentors. They receiveacademic counseling, mentoring,advising, and GRE preparation. Inaddition to the above services, theMcNair Scholars have opportunities toattend research seminars, conductresearch, and present their finding orallyor written via poster presentations. Inthe first semester of their senior year, thescholars receive assistance with thegraduate school application process. Funding The Ronald E. McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement Program is aTRiO Program funded through theUnited States Department of Educationand Grand Valley State University.  GVSU McNair Scholars Journal  VOLUME 7, 2003 3  JP Baertson “Affectation: ‘Masculinity’ and Mass Culture”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Faculty Mentor: John Drabinski, Ph.D. Bennie Pacheco Beretta “A Nuyorican Looks Back: Reflections In Words and Images”. . . . . . . . . . . 15Faculty Mentor: Anthony Thompson, M.F.A. Ken Bolick “Revising the Lessons of the Masters”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Faculty Mentors: Victoria Brehm, Ph.D. and Avis Hewitt, Ph.D. Rafael E. Castanon “Perceptions of Minorities Criminal Involvement in Grand Rapids:Community and Media Dialogue”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Faculty Mentor: Dennis Malaret, Ph.D.  Jeff Chivis “Understanding Prehistoric Ceramic Technologyfrom the Grand River Valley”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49Faculty Mentor: Janet G. Brashler, Ph.D. Denice Durkee “Religion and Power: A Comparison of Queen Elizabeth I andCatherine de Medici”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Faculty Mentor: James Smither, Ph.D. Erika Denise Edwards “Though Many Have White Skin, their Veins Flow of Black Blood: Afro-Argentine Culture and History during the Twentieth Centuryin Buenos Aires, Argentina”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71Faculty Mentor: David Stark, Ph.D. Angelica M. Fuentes “The effects of zebra mussels ( Dreissena polymorpha ) on thedownstream transport of primary production”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81Faculty Mentor: Mark R. Luttenton, Ph.D.    2   0   0   3   M  c   N  a   i  r   S  c   h  o   l  a  r  s Table of Contents  Table of Contents VOLUME 7, 2003 4 Table of Contents    2   0   0   3   M  c   N  a   i  r   S  c   h  o   l  a  r  s Omar Hwail “A Heuristic Algorithm: Simulating Light Propagation inOrthogonal Polygons”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91Faculty Mentor: Christian Trefftz, Ph.D.  Jennifer M. Kadrovich “Senior Citizen Access to and Utilization of the Farmers’ Market: A Holland Michigan Study”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Faculty Mentor: Kimmarie Murphy, Ph.D. Sherrie Ladegast “An Ethnographic Study of Antiwar Protestors”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Faculty Mentor: George Lundskow, Ph.D. Ryan McCarty “Guided by faith and matchless Fortitude”: Milton’s Portrayalof the Son in Paradise Lost ”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121Faculty Mentor: Jim Persoon, Ph.D. Littisha Antoinette Scott “Does the Number Matter: An Investigative Studyof the Relationship Between Household Compositionand Juvenile Delinquency”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Faculty Mentor: Jennifer Stewart, Ph.D. About the TRiO Programs .....................................................................................142  ABSTRACT In response to the claim that there has beeninsufficient substantial critique of “masculinity’s” archaic and ambiguous perceptions, this project aims at establishingawareness of society’s processes andmechanisms, allowing for dissection of theattributes, understandings, and implicationsof the universal and particular denotationsand the prescriptive descriptions of “masculinity” by mass culture. Bycontrasting while combining varioustheories and identifications of “masculinity”through the film Fight Club, thisexamination outlines the various crossroadsnegotiated in cultural ambivalence, whereinnate and essential parameters areinappropriate. Elimination of “the natural”in non-identity is a potential catalyst forrevolutionizing the epistemological andontological structures of the human person. I I will be investigating the notion,identity, and assumptions of masculinitythrough its relation to contemporarymass culture. The necessity for thisinvestigation reveals itself in light of twodevelopments in theoretical dialectic:firstly, the cultivation of the age of sexualdifference, where sex/gender entailsconsequence in philosophical discourse,and secondly, the various thinkers whohave put “nature” and the identificationwith “the natural” into question, mostsignificantly the challenges to the idea of “human nature.” The concern will be“what is ‘masculinity’?” accounting forexistence in and as the age of GuyDebord’s Society of the Spectacle , of capitalist consumerism, and of thedomination of the image, resulting in adetachment of masculinity from itsformer anchoring in the “natural”. Thatis, what are the implications and visceralconsequences of identity that is nolonger comprised of “essential” qualitiesthat dictate necessary characteristics for being ? This is even more the case withgender identities that harbour noindispensable conditions or traits for theexistence of men or women, such as thearchaic notions of male providers tofemale nurturers and sexual intercoursestrictly as a heterosexual activity for thepurposes of procreation. With the Frankfurt School’s centralcontention that identity is passivelyformed in and through the encounterwith mass culture, the existential recitalof gender prescriptions leads to theenquiry of the mechanisms of masculinity’s construction andmanufacture as performance and theimplications of such development. Thatis, whilst in the present age of the grandillusion, how does “masculinity” existand perpetuate with relation to its pastand future? For this enquiry, I willconsult and coalesce the works of thirdwave feminist philosophers, namely Judith Butler, as well as social and GVSU McNair Scholars Journal  VOLUME 7, 2003 5 Affectation: “Masculinity” and Mass Culture  JP Baertson McNair Scholar  John Drabinski, Ph.D. Faculty Mentor
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