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A Research Proposal of Quality of Work Life and Career Dimensions: Using Mixed-Method Approach to Investigate Primary School Teachers in Cambodia

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Mixed-method approach is being seen as a new trend in some countries for students to get funding from the governments and other sources, so they are finding the better ways to understand how to construct the ideas. This study offers some ideas how to
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   " Institute of International Education Department of Education  A Research Proposal of Quality of Work Life and Career Dimensions: Using Mixed-Method Approach to Investigate Primary School Teachers in Cambodia  Assignment for the Course Introduction to Educational Research Methods Sovichea Vann May 2015   #  Table of Contents 1. Background  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" #   1.1   Research Aims and Objectives  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" $   1.2 Research Questions  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" %   1.3 Significance of the Research  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" %   1.4 Limitations and Delimitations  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" &   2. Review of Relevant Theories and Concepts  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" ''   2.1 Motivation Theories  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" ''   2.2 Concepts of Quality of Work Life  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" '(   2.3 Concepts of Career-related Dimensions  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" '#   2.4 Conceptual Framework   """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" ')   2.5 Relevant Studies  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" '%   3. Research Methodology   """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" '%   3.1 Research Design  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" '&   3.2 Simple Size and Participants Selection  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" **   3.3 Data Collection  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *(   3.4 Data Analysis  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *#   4. Ethical Issues  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *)   5. Summary of the Study  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *$   6. Time Schedules  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *%   7. References  """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" *&   8. Appendix A: Questionnaires  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" ((   9. Appendix B: Interview Guides  """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" ($     $  Abbreviation  ADB: Asian Development Bank CITA: Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association MoEYS: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport OECD: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development QWL: Quality of Work Life SPSS: Statistic Package for Social Science UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization $: USD   % List of Figures and Tables Figure 1 Conceptual Framework ............................................................................... 17 Figure 2 Mixed-Method Design ............................................................................... 21  Table 1 Criteria for Judging Quantitative and Qualitative Research ......................... 22   & 1. Background  Teaching is regarded as a highly stressful career that many studies showed the high level of burnout and stress among teachers. Over the last decade, there has been major concern on teacher workload and problems associated with quality of work life such as  wellbeing, health, recruitment and retention taken into international and local agenda in many countries. A number of studies have also increasingly focused on the role of policy makers to deal with these problems at the same time attempting to raise the education standard and efficiency of quality of teaching and learning (Bubb & Earley, 2004). For instance, OECD report in 2005 introduced a remarkable agenda entitled  Teachers Matter to improve the quality of teachers, the efficiency and equity concerning schools by ensuring the competent people are well selected to work as teachers with highly qualification that also allows students to equally access to the quality teaching (Thomas, 2010). To response the better social and economic expectations, some international organizations like World Bank and UNESCO and many countries have paid attention on teacher supply, demand, recruitment, teacher preparation, retention, and professional development to cope with the shortcoming of teacher proportions. Teachers are seen the central to school improvement effort and undoubtedly the important resource shaping the learning and growth of students (Ingersoll, 2003). When the demand on teachers are getting tough, teachers experienced burnout problems and literally there is less known about teacher quality of work life (QWL) and job satisfaction regarding some issues in poor working condition, time pressure, school types, working hours, student-relation, work-family conflict, compensation, career development and psychological health (Milfont, Denny, Ameratunga, Robinson & Merry, 2007).  The purposes of this course paper are intended to propose a research within Cambodia context of teachers’ quality of work life that reflects their careers in current situation of education system in the area of educational leadership and management. Having work life balance and inspirational career development among teachers can contribute to the quality of education in the country. According to Hughes and Demo (1989), the quality of work life relates to having job security, work quality and job
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