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A review of forest fire management in the Philippines

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INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER ORGANIZATION January 2004 A REVIEW OF FOREST FIRE MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES A report to ITTO prepared by Duncan Sutherland, Director, Business Development and Superintendent Bruce Arthur, OAM, Fire Control Officer, Yarrowlumla Rural Fire District, both of the NSW Rural Fire Service of Australia, and Rosalio Goze and Sabado Batcagan, both retired officials of the Philippines’ Department of Environment and Natural Resources ITTO Review of Forest Fire Managem
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  INTERNATIONAL TROPICALTIMBER ORGANIZATION January 2004 A R  EVIEW   OF F OREST F IRE M ANAGEMENT   IN T HE P HILIPPINES A report to ITTO prepared by Duncan Sutherland, Director, Business Development andSuperintendent Bruce Arthur, OAM, Fire Control Officer, Yarrowlumla Rural Fire District,  both of the NSW Rural Fire Service of Australia, and Rosalio Goze and Sabado Batcagan,both retired officials of the Philippines’ Department of Environment and Natural Resources ITTO Review of Forest Fire Management in The Philippines 2  Table of Contents Executive Summary........................................................................................................................5Acronyms........................................................................................................................................6Background to the Review..............................................................................................................6Terms of Reference of the Review..................................................................................................7Methodology...................................................................................................................................7Current Context...............................................................................................................................8International Assistance in Forest Fire Management................................................................11Situation Analysis..........................................................................................................................12The Core Problem.........................................................................................................................12Impacts..........................................................................................................................................12Main Constraints Summary...........................................................................................................12Main Constraint # 1: Limited Organizational Capability..............................................................131. Legal Mandate.......................................................................................................................132. Jurisdictional Boundaries and Legal Status...........................................................................153. Institutional Coordination and Leadership............................................................................154. Focus on the CBFM Program................................................................................................165. Roles of the CENRO and PENRO........................................................................................166. Public Image of DENR..........................................................................................................177. National Disaster Coordinating Council...............................................................................178 Training and Equipment.........................................................................................................189. Inventory of Personnel..........................................................................................................1810. Research..............................................................................................................................18Main Constraint # 2: Limited Operational Preparedness..............................................................2011. National Strategy and Operational Doctrine.......................................................................2012. Fire Regimes........................................................................................................................2013. Fire Suppression..................................................................................................................2014. Fire Management Training..................................................................................................2115. Operational Plans ...............................................................................................................2116. Criteria for Escalation of Fire Events..................................................................................2117. Incident Command System.................................................................................................2218. Enhanced Fire Detection.....................................................................................................2319. Forest and Grassland Fire Risk Maps..................................................................................2320. Forest and Grassland Fire Database....................................................................................2321. Local Forest Fire Management Committees ......................................................................2422. Monitoring Capacity of DENR...........................................................................................2423. Inventory of Forest Fire Suppression Resources.................................................................2424. Equipment Codes................................................................................................................2525. Local Manufacture of Equipment........................................................................................2526. Operational Communications..............................................................................................2527. Forest Fire Intelligence and Planning .................................................................................2628. Barangay Volunteers...........................................................................................................2629. Role of Women in Fire Suppression Management.............................................................26Main Constraint # 3: Inadequate Fire Prevention Capability........................................................2830. Clear Community Education Messages..............................................................................2831. School and College Curricula..............................................................................................2832. Community Support for Forest Fire Prevention..................................................................2933. Encourage Existing Community Groups.............................................................................2934. Fire Weather Warning System............................................................................................2935. Total Fire Bans....................................................................................................................3036. Fire Resistant Species..........................................................................................................3037. Fire Prone Species...............................................................................................................3038. Alternatives to the Use of Fire in Agriculture.....................................................................31 ITTO Review of Forest Fire Management in The Philippines 3  39. Incentives for Forest Protection..........................................................................................3140. Seasonal Forest Rangers......................................................................................................32Main Constraint # 4: Controlled Use of Fire is not Well-Managed..............................................3341. Fire Burn Permits................................................................................................................3342. Safe Burning........................................................................................................................3343. Support for Safe Burning for Farmers.................................................................................3344. Codes for Controlled Burning.............................................................................................3345. Traditional Burning.............................................................................................................3446. Indigenous Knowledge on the Use of Fire..........................................................................34The Way Ahead.............................................................................................................................34Priority Areas of Intervention ...................................................................................................35International Assistance............................................................................................................37Suggested National Strategy.........................................................................................................39Situation Analysis Table...............................................................................................................39Five Year Implementation Plan.....................................................................................................42References.....................................................................................................................................45 ITTO Review of Forest Fire Management in The Philippines 4
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