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A Study of Adjustment in Relation to their Gender at higher secondary school in GHAZIABAD district

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A Study of Adjustment in Relation to their Gender at higher secondary school in GHAZIABAD district
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  IRJMST Vol 8 Issue 10 [Year 2017 ] ISSN 2250  –  1959 (0nline) 2348  –  9367 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology http://www.irjmst.com  Page 242  A Study of Adjustment in Relation to their Gender at higher secondary school in GHAZIABAD district Dr. Kanak Rani Assistant Professor Modern College of Professional Studies, Mohan Nagar, Ghaziabad Adjustment refers to the process by which we change or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Cognitive and emotional processes are involved in adjustment, but we rely upon behavioral processes and coping strategies in adapting to our environment. On the basis of analysis and interpretation of the data discussed in the forgone chapter certain conclusion about the adjustment of higher secondary students were drawn that adjustment of higher secondary school‟s male and female students are more or less same. And the difference among their adjustment is by chance. On the basis of the results of this research activity oriented class and group discussion are helpful for the development of social skills. It has an implication for teachers, principal and policy planers that boys and girls belonging to rural and urban schools are being provided more or less same opportunities which inculcate same home, health, social, emotional and educational adjustment qualities. Introduction Each one of us  –   student or teacher  –  has ideas about personality about the whole active individual as we come to know a person either, we begin to recognize and expect certain characteristic ways of behaving that distinguish this unique individual from all other people. As we observe this particular person over a period of time, we notice how his temperament, more or less consistent direction. Adjustment power of man is important for all the sectors of his life  –   personal social, professional and educational etc. In everyone of the role, he has to perform; he has to pass through a process, which is known as adjustment. By achieving adjustment which goes on continuously these people learn the art of living; attain harmony rather than bitterness, coordination and mental satisfaction rather than tension. Need and Significance of Research   I have chosen “ A study of adjustment in relation to their gender at higher secondary school in ghaziabad district   “due to following reasons :-      It affects academic achievement of an individual.    It will maintain a level of psychological and physiological equilibrium of children.    It will reduce tension among children.      An individual will be able to persist the tendencies to make certain kind of adjustment between his need and situation.  IRJMST Vol 8 Issue 10 [Year 2017 ] ISSN 2250  –  1959 (0nline) 2348  –  9367 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology http://www.irjmst.com  Page 243 Statement of the Problem: Operational Definition of Key terms: Adjustment:  Adjustment is both a physical and sociocultural mechanism which a person use to achieve an equilibrium or balance in the context of his environmental constraints. Higher Secondary Level:   Eleven and Twelve Class   Objectives  To study the personality and adjustment at higher secondary level in relation to their gender.  Hypotheses: Ho-1:  There is no significance difference between the adjustment of male and female higher secondary school students. Ho-2:  There is no significance difference between the mean scores of adjustment area (home) of male and female students at higher secondary level. Ho-3:  There is no significance difference between the mean scores of adjustment area (Health) of male and female students at higher secondary level. Ho-4:  There is no significance difference between the adjustment area (social) of male and female students at higher secondary level. Ho-5: There is no significance difference between the adjustment area (emotion) of male and female at higher secondary level.  Delimitation of the study: The study covers a vast area of adjustment at higher secondary level in relation to their gender . However to reach out to all the subjects requires a lot of time, resource and labor. Hence it is essential to delimit and specify the area of study. I delimit the study as following:    The data of present study limits to Muradnagar city only.    The study conducted on 11 th  class students only.    The sample of the present investigation was on 10 higher secondary school students (40 male & 40 female).    Only survey method used.  Review of Related Literature  Kumari (1990)  made an attempt to study the personality characteristics, intelligence, achievement motivation, adjustment and socio economic status of juvenile and adult female offenders. Srivastava (1992) Made an attempt to study socio psychological characteristics of class 10 th  students of Navodya Vidyalayas. The main objectives her investigation was to study the socio economic status, intelligence, self concept, occupational aspiration, social acceptability and adjustment of the student of class 10 th  studying in Navodya Vidyalayas.  IRJMST Vol 8 Issue 10 [Year 2017 ] ISSN 2250  –  1959 (0nline) 2348  –  9367 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology http://www.irjmst.com  Page 244  Alexander and Rajendran (1992) concluded that female students are better adjusted than male students. Parents' education influences their children's adjustment, students of well-educated parents are better adjusted than students of poorly educated parents.  Monrow (1995) conducted a study to find out the relationship between personality variables and achievement of elementary school children. It was found that the relationship between social adjustment and achievement is positive and significant. Sabu (1996) pointed out that rural pupils are having poor social adjustment than urban pupils. Secondary school pupils are facing several problems and these problems have a significant relationship with their social adjustment.  Research Methodology:   The present study is survey in nature. Survey studies are conducted to collect data of the existing phenomena.. In the present investigation survey method was used to study the adjustment and personality difference among boys and girls of rural and urban schools. Selection of sample:  A limited sample consist of 40 boys and 40 girls from schools of Muradnagar in Ghaziabad district. Tools used in the study: Indian adaptation of Bell‟s Adjustment Inventory developed by Dr. (Mrs.) Lalita Sharma will be used to collect information about higher secondary students. Statistical: Treatment Employed  Descriptive Statistics “Descriptive statistics concern the development of certain indices from the raw data”. Certain descriptive statistics were computed in order to describe the nature and distribution of scores obtained through various tools and as a base for inferential statistics. The preferred techniques are-  Measure of central tendency (Mean) Mn =     Measures of Dispersion   Standard Deviation.  =       't' ratio was computed to Compare Personality and adjustment of Rural Urban Male Female Students. ′   ′  =  1 ~  2   12  1 +  22  2   Ho-3: There is no significance difference between the adjustment of male and female higher secondary school students.  IRJMST Vol 8 Issue 10 [Year 2017 ] ISSN 2250  –  1959 (0nline) 2348  –  9367 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology http://www.irjmst.com  Page 245 To compare the adjustment of male and female higher secondary school students the mean, S.D. and 't' value are computed, the detail is presented in table 4.3 Table: 1 Variable Gender N Mean S. D. t' Value Significance Adjustment Male 40 30.46 7.95 0.33 No Significance Female 40 30.91 6.64 It is evident from Table 4.3 that the mean score for adjustment of Male Students (M=30.46) is lower than Female Students (M=30.91). The computed „t‟ value is 0.33 which is not significant at acceptable level of confidence hence our hypothesis that „there is no significant difference between the adjustment of Male and Female higher secondary school students‟ is accepted.  It means that adjustment of male and female higher secondary school students are more or less same. Ho-5: There is no significance difference between the mean scores of adjustment area (home) of male and female students at higher secondary level. To compare the adjustment (home) of male and female higher secondary school students the mean, S.D. and 't' value are computed, the detail is presented in table 4.5 Table 2 Variable Gender N Mean S. D. t' Value Significance Adjustment (Home) Male 40 6.31 2.90 1.08 No Significance Female 40 6.83 2.44 It is evident from Table 4.5 that the mean score for Adjustment (Home) of Male Students (M=6.31) is lower than Female Students (M=6.83). The computed „t‟ value is 1.08 which is not significant at acceptable level of confidence hence, our hypothesis that „There is no significant difference between the Adjustment (Home) of Male and Female high er secondary school students‟ is accepted.  It means that Adjustment (Home) of male and female higher secondary school students is more or less same. Ho-6: There is no significance difference between the mean scores of adjustment area (Health) of male and female students at higher secondary level. To compare the adjustment (health) of male and female higher secondary school students the mean, S.D. and 't' value are computed, the detail is presented in table 4.6. Table -3 Variable Gender N Mean S. D. t' Value Significance Adjustment (Health) Male 40 5.81 2.79 0.10 No Significance Female 40 5.76 2.79  IRJMST Vol 8 Issue 10 [Year 2017 ] ISSN 2250  –  1959 (0nline) 2348  –  9367 (Print) International Research Journal of Management Science & Technology http://www.irjmst.com  Page 246 It is evident from Table 4.6 that the mean score for Adjustment (Health) of Male Students (M=5.81) is higher than Female Students (M=5.76). The computed „t‟ value is 0.10 which is not significant at acceptable level of confidence hence, our hypothesis that „There is no significant difference between the Adjustment (Health) of Male and Female higher secondary school students‟ is accepted.  It means that Adjustment (Health) of male and female higher secondary school students is more or less same. Ho-7: There is no significance difference between the adjustment area (social) of male and female students at higher secondary level. To compare the adjustment (social) of male and female higher secondary school students the mean, S.D. and 't' value are computed, the detail is presented in table 4.7 Table 4 Variable Gender N Mean S. D. t' Value Significance Adjustment (Social) Male 40 252.78 2.22 4.52 Significant Female 40 270.78 23.09 Table 4.7 clearly shows that the mean score for Adjustment (Social) of Male Students (M=252.78) is lower than Female Students (M=270.78). The computed „t‟ value is 4.52 which is significant at acceptable level of confidence hence, our hypothesis that „There is no significant difference between the Adjustment (Social) of Male and Female higher secondary school students‟ is rejected.  It means that Adjustment (Social) of male and female higher secondary school students is different. Ho-8: There is no significance difference between the adjustment area (emotion) of male and female at higher secondary level. To compare the adjustment (emotion) of male and female higher secondary school students the mean, S.D. and 't' value are computed, the detail is presented in table 4.8 Table- 5 Variable Gender N Mean S. D. t' Value Significance Adjustment (Emotion) Male 40 9.91 3.25 0.17 No Significance Female 40 10.01 3.11 Table 4.8 clearly shows that the mean score for Adjustment (Emotion) of Male Students (M=9.91) is lower than Female Students (M=10.01). The computed „t‟ value is 0.17 which is not significant at acceptable level of confidence hence, our hypothesis that „There is no significant difference between the Adjustment (Emotion) of Male and Female higher secondary school students‟ is accepted.   Conclusions:   The findings with regards to personality and adjustment of male and female students reveal that their adjustment for all said dimensions are not differing significantly. They are showing almost equal pattern of adjustment in different areas.
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