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A study on the introduction of smart national Id card in Bangladesh

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A study on the introduction of smart national Id card in Bangladesh
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  A study on the introduction of smart national Idcard in Bangladesh Name : Tahsinur RahmanID :11-19545-3 American International University-BangladeshComputer Science Departmenttahsinur.rahman36@gmail.com Abstract.  Bangladesh is a developing. Over the last decade, the coun-try has taken many initiatives to improve the technological infrastructureprovides for the use of its people. One of the recent initiatives introducea smart National ID Card (NID)or a more centralized ID card. Thisstep would outdate and exclude the existing format of the National Idcard. Based on the study on ElGamals private key cryptosystem andChu-Hsing and Yi-Yi Lais revised scheme on Finger based Remote-UserAuthentication, I tried to show that possibility of the government insucceeding in this initiative is very minimum. The results are also de-rived from the facts and perils faced by other countries when trying toattempt for a similar project. Moreover, my study also includes, whatmight happen if the Bangladesh Government succeeds on introducing asmart NID. Keywords:  National, Smart National ID Card, MyKAD,Centraization Of na-tional ID card 1 Introduction One of the recent initiatives taken by the Bangladeshi government is to introducea more centralized version of NID or a smart NID. These smart National ID cardsoutdate its older version of the ID cards of the country. The existing format of theNID comes with a laminated form which contains a 13digit unique identificationnumber. The new proposed card however would be more sophisticated thanits predecessor. It would come with integrated circuits which would hold theinformation about an individual. Such a card was introduced by the MalaysianGovernment. Their project was called Mykad. The card is consist of integratedcircuits. Many other countries has also taken such steps to introduce the smartID cards. 2 Main Body As a third world country with high population density, the government of Bangladeshhas taken many initiatives to secure the rights and security of its people. One  of the initiative is the introduction of smart national Id card. Such cards hasbeing introduced in many countries now. Where Malaysian Governments Mykadproject is one of the prime examples. Mykad is a compulsory document for everyMalaysian citizen above the age of 12. This card has many multiple purposes. Itserves as a birth certificate, a diving license, an ATM card, an electronic purseand a public key. A MyKad card contains information about its owner. Eachcard is equipped with biometric data of an individual. The initial version of the card came in the dimension of a standard credit card and had 32kb EEP-ROM[Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-only Memory] chip runningon M-COS [MyKad-Chip Operating System].Introduction of such smart NID is very essential and crucial when it comesto ensure and secure the rights of the people. But there are also many drawbacksand questions that arises with such a step. With the rise of criminal activity itwould be very important to ensure the security of such delicate information. 3 Risks of National ID Card As stated by the Peter G. Neuman and Lauren Weinstein in their research paperentitled Risks of National ID Card they highlighted some cases that are relatedto the matter. An actor named Rebecca Schaeffer was murdered by a stalker whostole information about her from the central Database. Another case that wasdiscussed was a about a Police Offical who murdered his girlfriend by stealinginformation from the government Database. Therefore, it can be conclude thatthere are always chances for people to misuse the information given by thecitizens for the individual personal gain. 4 Cost and Security in a Smart card Another fact about the implementation of smart NID is the cost of carrying outsuch an immensely large project. The MyKad project of the Malaysian govern-ment took around RM 276 million. The cost is so steep produces the requirementto implement biometric data. Such technology is not available in Bangladeshyet. Moreover the countries Cyber response team is not adequate enough to actagainst masquerade attacks. This makes the delicate information provided bythe citizens vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Even though the need of such a smartcard is very vital but many questions can be raised whether the a developingcountry like Bangladesh is ready for such a step. Even if it is perfectly imple-mented, there would always chances for cyber forgery. Therefore, judging by theabove stated facts, I can conclude that Bangladesh is not yet prepared for suchcentralization. Just not yet. 5 Conclusion The introduction of such smart card can be very helpful for a country. Butthere are always chances for criminal activity to rise if the data gathered by  the government is not protected properly. Moreover, it is also a very expensiveproject to carry out. For a third country like Bangladesh, it is not yet a hightime to introduce a smart card as their cyber defense is not strong enough andit might push the whole system in jeopardy. Acknowledgments We are indebted and deeply grateful to DR. Khandaker Tabin Hasan for inspiringall of us and his help with the annotation and validation process. His valuablesessions, seminar and video presentation has motivated us that research is theinception of the novel world.
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