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A Violência (Yves Michaud)

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Fichamento do livro A violência (Iyes Michaud)
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  ANÁLISE PRODUÇÃO HISTORIOGRÁFICA SOBRE CRIME,CRIMINALIDADE E VIOLÊNCIA FICHAMENTO:  Fichamento (observações importantes para minha tese): 1)O problemas das definições:  Etimologia: *Segund  !u #, u$! %! $!ne&#! de en #!# n !''un  d! (&)n+&!  %u'+!# 'eu' u'' +$un' e 'u! e &$)g&!- De u$ )!d, .! (&)n+&!de'&gn! /! ' e !01e', de u # de'&gn! u$! $!ne&#! de 'e# d! /#0!, d'en &$en  u de u$ e)e$en  n! u#!) 2 (&)n+&! de u$! 3!&45 u d!n! u#e6!7 83- 9:;*.V&)n+&! (e$ d )! &$, (&)en &!, <ue '&gn&/&+! (&)n+&!, +!#= e# (&)en  u %#!(&, /#0!- O (e#% (&)!#e '&gn&/&+! #! !# +$ (&)n+&!, 3#/!n!#, #!n'g#ed&#- T!&' e#$' de(e$ 'e# #e/e#&d' ! (&', <ue <ue# d&6e# /#0!, (&g#, 3 en+&!, (&)n+&!, e$3#eg d! /#0! />'&+!, $!' !$%$<u!)&d!de, !%und?n+&!, e''n+&! u +!#= e# e''en+&!) de u$! +&'!- M!&' 3#/und!$en e, ! !3!)!(#! (&' '&gn&/&+! ! /#0! e$ !05,  #e+u#' de u$+#3 3!#! e4e#+e# 'u! /#0! e 3# !n  ! 3 n+&!,  (!)#, ! /#0! (& !)783-@:;*A (&)n+&!  en+!#!d! +$ !) .<u!nd 3!''! d! $ed&d! u 3e# u#%!u$! #de$7 83-:;.O e4!$e d' u'' +##en e' n' !3n ! !' (!#&!01e' de '&gn&/&+!d' d! 3!)!(#! (&)n+&!- A &de&! de /#0! +n' & u& 'eu n+)e +en #!) e +n #&%u& 3!#! /!6)! de'&gn!# 3#&#& !#&!$en e u$! g!$! de +$3# !$en  e de!01e' />'&+!'- A (&)n+&!  !n e' de ud u$! <ue' 5 de !g#e''1e' e de$!u' #! '- P# &'', ! +n'&de#!$' e(&den e e)! de&4! $!#+!'- Nen !n , e''! /#0! !''u$e 'u! <u!)&/&+!05 de (&)n+&! e$ /un05 den#$!' de/&n&d!' <ue (!#&!$ $u& 7 83-@:;   Referênia biblio!r fia: MICHAUD, Ie'- A (&)n+&!-   As definições do direito *.A +n #=#& d! !$3)& ude d 'en &d +##en e,  d&#e&  /#ne+ede/&n&01e' e' #& !'- E$ d&#e&  3en!), d' ! en !d' ! 3e''! u$!n! n5'5 +!$!d' de (&)n+&!'7 --- D&6e$ ' u#&' !' .'5 ! ' d' <u!&' 'ee43#&$e$ ! !g#e''&(&d!de e ! %#u !)&d!de d $e$, d&#&g&d!' +n #! 'eu''e$e)!n e' e +!u'!nd)e' )e'1e' u #!u$! &'$' $!&' u $en'g#!(e'- T!) de/&n&05 'u%)&n!  (>n+u) en #e (&)n+&!' e  u' d! /#0!/>'&+! 'egu&d! de d!n' du#!du#'- Td!(&! ! e()u05 d d&#e& de'en()(eu'e n 'en &d de !$3)&!# ! &n+#&$&n!057- --- .P# u # )!d,n5 'e de(e e'<ue+e# <ue ! )e& 3e#$& e +e# !' (&)n+&!' e$ +nd&01e' %e$de/&n&d!' n ?$%&  d e'3# e, d! +&#u#g&! u d! $!nu en05 d! #de$83-@J:;*.A (&)n+&!  3#&$e&# u$ d!n />'&+, $!' !$%$ 'e #e/e#e ! n#$!'8n +!' !<u&, !' d! &n eg#&d!de d! 3e''! u$!n!: e <u!nd ! n#$! $ud!n5 = $!&' (&)n+&!7 83-JK:;  Definições da violência *.H= (&)n+&! <u!nd, nu$! '& u!05, u$ u (=#&' ! #e' !ge$ de$!ne&#! d&#e ! u &nd&#e !, $!+&0! u e'3!#'!, +!u'!nd d!n' ! u$! u(=#&!' 3e''!' e$ g#!u' (!#&=(e&', 'e! e$ 'u! &n eg#&d!de />'&+!, 'e! e$'u! &n eg#&d!de $#!), e$ 'u!' 3''e' u e$ 'u!' $!n&/e' !01e' '&$%)&+!'e +u) u#!&'7 83- KKK:;!: In e#!05 +$ $) &3)' ! #e' &n+)u&nd  E' !d,  Pde# ud&+&=#&, '#eg&$e'  !)& =#&'; %: Md!)&d!de' de 3#du05 de (&)n+&!;+: D&' #&%u&05 e$3#!) d! (&)n+&!- Pde 'e# $&n&' #!d! $!+&0! ug#!du!)$en e- Pde'e $! !#, de&4!# $##e# de /$e u /!(#e+e# +nd&01e' de 'u%nu #&05;d: D&/e#en e' &3' de d!n' />'&+', 3'><u&+', $#!&', !' %en', !' 3#4&$' u !' )!0' +u) u#!&';*O !u # n5 +n+#d! +$ !' de/&n&01e' %e &(!' '%#e  <ue  (&)n+&!-T!&' de/&n&01e' 3!#! e)e . #! !$'e de !/!' !# ' u)g!$en ' de (!)# e deen+n #!# +#& #&' <ue 3e#$& !$  e' ud <u!n & ! &(7 83-K:;   A violência e o caos *.N! (e#d!de  u$ e## 3en'!# <ue ! (&)n+&! 3de 'e# +n+e%&d! e!3#eend&d! &nde3enden e$en e de +#& #&' e 3n ' de (&' !- E' e' 3de$'e# &n' & u+&n!&', u#>d&+', '+&!&', ' (e6e' 3e''!&'- U$! !%#d!ge$%e &(! 'e e'/#0! 3!#! 3Q# en #e 3!#n e'e' d!' !' n#$!' u 'e +n en !+$ !' d! &n eg#&d!de />'&+! d! 3e''!7 83-K:*A (&)n+&! e' = !''+&!d! ! &$3#e(&'>(e)- I'' /&+! n> &d n' d&'+u#''!+e#+! d! &n'egu#!n0!;*A (&)n+&! e' = )&g!d! ! #!n'g#e''5 de #eg#!'- E)! e' = +!##eg!d! de(!)#e' 3'& &(' e neg! &(' (&n+u)!d' ! &de&! de #!n'g#e''5- E4 N'!n'  ! (&)n+&! )&%e# !d#! /& +e)e%#!d!, en<u!n  n' d&!' de e ende'e ! !''&$&)!# <u!)<ue# de'#de$ +$ u$! (&)n+&! <ue !$e!0! !#de$ '+&!) n 'eu d7 83-K:;*. O erro das aborda!ens ob#e$i%as & n'o %er (e sem sas referêniasnorma$i%as* a ideia de %iolênia n'o $em nen+m sen$ido e (e sasfnções de ondenaç'o* elebraç'o o enan$aç'o n'o podem serdei,adas de lado- A %iolênia & definida e en$endida em fnç'o dos%alores (e ons$i$em o sa!rado do !rpo de referênia- Apesar dasdi%ersidades dos !rpos +manos* al!ns %alores reebem ma ades'omais ampla* mas is$o n'o pode dissimlar a di%er!ênia e a+e$ero!eneidade das on%ições- A ideia de %iolênia ris$ali.a essa+e$ero!eneidade e essas di%er!ênias* $an$o (e o rerso a ela paraapreender os fa$os & o ind/io mais se!ro (e es$'o em asa %aloresimpor$an$es 0 e no en$ro m an$a!onismo 7- esse modo* bsamosompreender os sen$idos +is$2rio da %iolênia na sa relaç'o om os%alores morais* normas de ompor$amen$o e pr $ias soiais presen$esna soiedade rral nor$e3rio3!randense- *P!#!  !u # n5 3de$' de/&n&# de /#$! %e &(!  <ue (e$ ! 'e# (&)n+&!- N en !n , &'' n5 '&gn&/&+! <ue e)! 'e! &nde/&n>(e);A' de/&n&01e' %e &(!' n5 e' 5 &'en !' de 3#e''u3' ' e n5 !3#ende$ +nun  d' /enQ$en';H= n! !3#een'5 d! (&)n+&! u$ +$3nen e 'u%e &( <ue de3ende d'+#& #&' u &)&6!d' u#>d&+', &n' & u+&n!&', (!)#e' d g#u3, e +- N5   3de$' ! (&)n+&! d! '+&ed!de &ng)e'! d '+u) VIII +$ ! d '+u) 3#<ue !' n#$!' $ud!#!$; 4)His$2ria e 5oiolo!ia da %iolênia Os fatores de incerteza no conhecimento da violência: 6 O%' =+u)' 3!#!  +ne+&$en  &' #&+ e '+&)g&+ d! (&)n+&! 3 D&(e#'&d!de &' #&+! d!' n#$!' u#>d&+!'    N! C&n! !n &g! ! #egu)!05de$g#=/&+! e#! /e& ! ! #!(' d &n/!n &+>d& <ue n!<ue)! '+&ed!de n5 e#!+n'&de#!d +#&$e;F!) ! de d!d' <u!n & ! &(' <ue 'e!$ +n/&=(e&' 3!#! $en'u#!#  n>(e) de(&)n+&! nu$! '+&ed!de- U$ 3#e  de &' #&! d! (&)n+&!/#e<uen e$en e e'%!##! n! /!) ! de d!d' 3#e+&'' 83-K@:;A !3#een'5 d #eg&' # e d! !(!)&!05 d! (&)n+&! nun+! '5 neu #'-  3#e+&' +n !# +$ !' $en &#!' e $&''1e' d' d+u$en ';  A criminalidade *.A 3#g#e''5 d! (&)n+&! +#&$&n!) n5 /& 3#(!d! e  <ue 'e !''&' e ,e$ (e6, u$! 3!+&/&+!05 3#g#e''&(! d! '+&ed!de, !d$& &nd'e u n5 '+' u$e' 'e +&(&)&6!#!$- O /!  d! 3&n&5 3%)&+! 'e 3#e+u3!# +$ u$!+#e'+en e &n'egu#!n0! n5 e$ en #e !n  n!d! ! (e# +$  ()u$e e/e &(d! +#&$&n!)&d!de, $!' '&$ +$ !' n#$!' ! 3!# &# d!' <u!&' '5 +n+e%&d'' /enQ$en' +#&$&n''7 --- .' &' #&!d#e' '5 un!n&$e' e$#e+ne+e# ! &n'egu#!n0! d! (&d! e ! n&3#e'en0! d! (&)n+&! n!' #e)!01e'u$!n!'7 83-:;* Repress'o a %iolênia 7s&lo 89III 0 Eropa):  .Se ' +!' &g' '5 e##>(e&', n en !n , ! #e3#e''5 3e#$!ne+e &n e#$& en e e +!'u!) ! #de$e ! 'egu#!n0! n5 '5 ! %!'e d! (&d! '+&!)- A e' ! &'' ! '&$3! &!du#!du#! 3e) %!nd&d- O' !3!#e)' de (&g&)?n+&! d E' !d Mde#n<ue +$e0!$ ! 'e# &$3)!n !d' 83!# &+u)!#$en e e$ P!#&' +$ de'en()(&$en  d! 3)>+&! n '+u) VIII: !&nd! n5 $n3)&6!#!$ !(&)n+&!7 83-:;
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