Documents

A World Without Drink- Temperance in Modern India 1880-1940 (1)

Description
pdf
Categories
Published
of 318
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
    A WORLD WITHOUT DRINK: TEMPERANCE IN MODERN INDIA, 1880-1940byRobert Eric ColvardAn AbstractOf a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of therequirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in History inthe Graduate College of The University of IowaMay 2013Thesis Supervisors: Professor Paul GreenoughProfessor Jeffrey Cox  1 ABSTRACTThe histories of nationalism and temperance in India were closely intertwinedfrom their very inceptions. While the former is the topic of frequent study, the latter hasrarely been examined—in fact, Indian temperance is often taken as an axiom. Mydissertation argues that the Indian temperance movement, like the nation, was a timelyinnovation. It explains the specific history of why and how temperance activism came tobe an important facet of the struggle for Indian independence. It will also show how thisclose relationship played out globally, when Indians exported nationalist sentimentsabroad and when the cause of Indian self-rule became an unavoidable question intemperance journals and at temperance meetings in Britain and the United States.Both scholarly and popular works of history assume that alcoholic beverageswere introduced into India by the British. I demonstrate that some Indians consumedalcoholic beverages on a large scale well before high colonialism, but that British rulersmade drinking an issue for the first time when, in the 19 th century, they introduced a newtax policy favoring the use of European-style liquors over those that had traditionallybeen produced in India. This resulted in a large protest movement in which thousands of drinking Indians refused to purchase Indian-made alcoholic beverages until the taxes onthem were reduced.Early nationalists acknowledged that many Indians were drinkers and blamedtheir turn from milder to stronger forms of liquor on colonial administrators whodetermined alcohol policy. Yet within 50 years, assumptions had changed radically.Where Indian nationalists and temperance activists, often the very same people, had oncechampioned access to less-costly alcohol for the drinking classes, they now argued that  2 Indians had always been an abstemious “race” and fought for the total prohibition of allalcohol sales, making temperance compulsory for all Indians.This dissertation will provide a new and important frame for analysis of theIndian nationalist movement. By focusing on a single, yet important, strand within thelarger nationalist movement, this dissertation reveals conflicts among nationalists andamong those associated with the colonial state.Finally, this dissertation moves temperance from a mere footnote to its properplace as one of the key mass movements of the period, a discourse that influenced bothIndian nationalism and the rhetorical content of global temperance activism. My work ispredicated on the assumption that ideas and movements move across cultural and nationalboundaries. Thus while India remains the focus, this dissertation demonstrates thatdomestic political issues occur in, and are significantly influenced by, a global context.Abstract Approved: _________________________________________________Thesis Supervisor_________________________________________________Title and Department_________________________________________________Date_________________________________________________Thesis Supervisor_________________________________________________Title and Department_________________________________________________Date    A WORLD WITHOUT DRINK: TEMPERANCE IN MODERN INDIA, 1880-1940byRobert Eric ColvardA thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of therequirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in History inthe Graduate College of The University of IowaMay 2013Thesis Supervisors: Professor Paul GreenoughProfessor Jeffrey Cox

Wild Swans

Oct 12, 2017

Trabajo Tributario

Oct 12, 2017
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks