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Abbreviations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ADR – American Depository Receipts GDR – Global Depository Receipts GAAP – Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ECB – European Central Bank ADB – Asian Development Bank NYSE – New York Stock Exchange NASDAQ – National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system 8. EMU – European Monetary Union 9. MNC – Multi National Corporations 10. IBM – International Business Machines 11. CEO – Chief Executive Officer 12. GM – General Motors 13. GATT – G
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  Abbreviations1.ADR – American Depository Receipts2.GDR – Global Depository Receipts3.GAAP – Generally Accepted Accounting Principles4.ECB – European Central Bank 5.ADB – Asian Development Bank 6.NYSE – New York Stock Exchange7.NASDAQ – National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotationsystem8.EMU – European Monetary Union9.MNC – Multi National Corporations10.IBM – International Business Machines11.CEO – Chief Executive Officer 12.GM – General Motors13.GATT – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade14.WTO – World Trade Agreement15.NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement16.EU – the European Union17.UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development18.GE – General Electric19.IMS – International Monetary System20.BWS – Bretton Woods System21.SDR – Special Drawing Rights22.EMS – European Monetary System23.ECU –European Currency Unit24.ERM – Exchange Rate Mechanism25.ESCB – European System of Central Banks26.GDP – Gross Domestic Product27.OCA – Optimum Currency Areas28.IMF – International Monetary Fund29.LTCM – Long Term Capital Management30.OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development31.BOP – Balance of Payments32.CA – Current Account, Capital Account33.ORA – Other Reserve Accounts34.FDI – Foreign Direct Investment35.BOPI – Balance of Payment Identity36.BKA – Balance on the Capital Account37.BCA – Balance on the Current Account38.BRA – Balance on the Reserve Account39.NPV – Net Present Value40.IRR – Internal Rate of Return41.SOX – Sarbanes – Oxley Act42.FX – Foreign Exchange43.OTC – Over –The – Counter   44.SWIFT – Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications45.CHIPS – Clearing House Interbank Payments System46.ECHO – Exchange Clearing House Limited47.EBS – Electronic Broking Services48.IRP – Interest Rate Parity49.LOP – Law of One Price50.PPP – Purchasing Power Parity51.RER – Real Exchange Rates52.FEP – Forward Expectations Parity53.EMH – Efficient Market Hypothesis54.RWH – Random Walk Hypothesis55.SMA – Short term Moving Average56.LMA – Long term Moving Average57.MTM – Marked to Market58.CME – Chicago Mercantile Exchange59.PBOT - Philadelphia Board of Trade60.ITM – In the money61.OTM – Out of the money62.ATM – At the money63.FMH – Forward Market Hedge64.MMH – Money Market Hedge65.OMH – Options Market Hedge66.CTA – Cumulative Translation Adjustment67.FASB – Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement68.BSH – Balance Sheet Hedge69.OBC – Offshore Banking Centre70.IBF – International Banking Facilities71.IRB – Internal Rating Based Approach72.LIBOR – London Interbank Offered Rate73.SIBOR – Singapore “74.TIBOR – Tokyo “75.EURIBOR – Europe “76.NCD – Negotiable Certificate of Deposits77.FRA – Forward Rate Agreement78.IDC – International Debt Crisis79.LDC – Least Developed Countries or Less Developed Countries80.Euro MTN – Euro Medium Term Notes81.FRNs – Floating Rate Notes82.ZCB – Zero Coupon Bonds83.ERB – Equity Related Bonds84.DCB – Dual Currency Bonds85.S&P – Standard & Poor’s86.EMBI – Emerging Market Government Bond Index87.AMEX – American Stock Exchange88.TSE – Toronto Stock Exchange89.CATS – Computer Assisted Trading System  90.MSCI – Morgan Stanley Capital International91.EAFE – European, Australisia, Far East92.ADS – American Depository Shares93.GRS – Global Registered Shares94.IRS – Interest Rate Swap95.SCIRS – Single Currency Interest Rate Swap96.CCIRS – Cross Currency Interest Rate Swap97.AIC – All in Cost98.FOB – Free on Board99.CIF – Cost, Insurance, Freight100.OIP – Optimal International Portfolios101.SHP – Sharpe Performance Measure102.CECF – Close Ended Country Fund103.WEBS – World Equity Benchmark Shares104.ETF – Exchange Traded Funds105.COC – Cost of Capital106.WA COC –Weighted Average Cost of Capital107.CAPM – Capital Asset Pricing Model108.LSE – London Stock Exchange109.IAPM – International Asset Pricing Model110.APV – Adjusted Present Value111.BNS – Bilateral Netting System112.MNS – Multilateral Netting System113.CCD – Centralized Cash Depository114.B/L – Bill of Lading115.B/A – Banker’s Acceptance116.CPE – Centrally Planned Economies117.EXIM Bank – Export Import Bank 118.VAT – Value Added Tax119.CFC – Controlled Foreign Corporation120.DB – Deutsche Bank 
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