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Basics of Prayers and Purification in Islam

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  page1 The following booklet has been adapted by permission of TROID.org, who are the writers of the srcinal source work. Please visit their most beneficial website www.troid.org (other links in the inside back cover) Published By: The Muslim Students Organization of the City College of New YorkRoom B101, Baskerville HallThe City College of New YorkNew York, NY 10031Tel: 212-650-7000 x 23171www.ccny.cuny.edu/studentclubs/MSOemail: mso@ccny.cuny.edu For a Copy of the Book Please Contact: ineedacopyofthebook@yahoo.com Edited and Formatted by: Abu Naseebah Khurram AliMehdi Hasan SheikhMursalin bin Hafiz Cover Design by: Tanvir Haider — www.mayamax.comFirst Printing 2002 17,000 copiesSecond Printing 2005Please make duaa for all the Muslims involved in the publishing and distribution of this book.This book is for the purpose of da’wah only and permission is granted to repro-duce it in its entirety only, without changes, and with proper referencing to the MSO-CCNY and TROID.org. FEAR ALLAAH AND DO NOT VIOLATE THIS TRUSTNOT FOR SALE  page2page3     All Praise is due to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allaah from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allaah guides there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allaah misguides there is none to guide. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, alone; without any partners and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. “O you who believe! Fear Allaah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islaam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allaah.”  [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:103] “O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Aadam) He created his wife (Hawwaa), and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allaah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allaah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.”  [Sooratun-Nisaa‘ 4:1] “O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger, he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and made to enter Paradise).”  [Sooratul-Ahzaab 33:70-71]To proceed, verily the best speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guid-ance is the guidance of Muhammad   and the worst of affairs are the newly invented matters, every newly invented matter is an innovation, every innova-tion is misguidance and all misguidance is in the Hellfire.Islaam is based upon five pillars and the first of them is the Shahaadah, (the testimony of faith: I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allaah Alone, and I testify that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger), by the accep-tance of which we enter into Islaam. The second of these pillars is the Salaah, or Prayer as stipulated in Islaam. The importance of Salaah cannot be denied, it is a way to be connected to our Lord throughout the day, and it is a manner by which a Muslim disciplines himself and exerts himself to please his Creator and Lord, Allaah. So we hope that this book can be used as a tool to learn and remind oneself of the duties that Allaah has obligated upon him. May Allaah grant us success in our efforts and protect us from the workings of Shaytaan to hinder them. INTRODUCTION 1   The prayer is not simply an act of worship seeking only the rewards of the Hereafter. Rather it is very strongly linked to the life of a Muslim. It prevents him from obscene and evil deeds and has an effect upon his conduct and is a mirror image of his action. His actions follow his prayer so if his prayer is correct and righteous his actions will be likewise and if the prayer is corrupt, his actions will be likewise. It has an enormous effect upon his truthfulness in dealing with others, fulfilling his trusts, being an excellent neighbor, his manners, being able to withdraw himself from harming anyone and being altruistic towards other Muslims. As a result of this there is happiness, harmony and intimacy within the house, the family, the street and the society and upon the whole ummah.The Prayer is an act of worship with multiple facets. Apart from gaining Allaah’s Favor for the Afterlife, the prayer is also an instrumental act to seeking the better parts of the worldly life. For example, when the Muslim engages upon a certain matter or affair of importance he performs two rakahs of prayer and then calls upon his Lord to inspire him toward what is correct, to make easy for him that which is good for him in his deen, his livelihood and the hereafter and to turn away from him whatever is bad for him in his deen and this world.Jaabir  reported that the Messenger of Allaah said: “When one of you engages upon a certain matter, let him perform two rakahs of voluntary prayer and then say: O Allah, I seek guidance from Your knowledge and I seek power from Your  power and I ask You from Your great bounty as You have power and I do not, You have knowledge and I do not and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allaah, if You know that this matter - and he should mention it by its name - is good for my deen, my livelihood, my affair in the hereafter, the present or the future then decree it for me, then make it easy for me and then bless me in it. And if you know that this matter is bad for my deen, my livelihood, my affair in the hereafter, the present or the  future, then turn it away from me and turn me away from it and decree for me what is good wherever it may be then make me contented with it.” 3 And in another narration: “So call upon Allaah, declare his greatness (i.e. Allaahu-Akbar), pray and give charity.” 4  Also when a muslim passes away, the Muslims in his community who are seek-ing the rewards of the hereafter, race towards the establishment of the funeral prayer for the deceased, who having ended his journey in this life, lies now in the total mercy of his Lord. When forty men who are upon tawheed, 1) Taken from The Relationship Of Prayer With The Affairs Of Life by Hussayn al-Awaa’ishah Trans. Abu Iyaad  Amjad Rafiq (July 1995), slightly paraphrased.2) Rakaah is a unit of the prayer 3) Reported by Bukhaaree 4) Reported by Bukhaaree.  page4page5 Allaah accepts their intercession for the deceased. As was reported from Ibn Abbaas   that the Prophet   said: “There is no Muslim who dies and forty men who do not associate partners with Allaah stand for his funeral prayer except that their intercession for him is accepted.” 5 And whenever the divine help is sought we turn ourselves in full submission to Allah offer our prayers and supplication to Him, pleading for His Mercy, for see-ing us safely through drought, famine, sickness and all the ails of the ummah and for forgiveness and success.Whenever the servant commits a sin and then stands and purifies himself, prays and then asks Allaah for forgiveness, Allaah the Exalted forgives him. This is due to what has been reported from Abu Bakr   that the Messenger   said:  “There is no man who commits a sin, then stands to purify himself, then prays and then seeks forgiveness from Allaah except that Allaah forgives him...” 6 The Prayer Of Those Who Are Weak And Downtrodden And Its Connection With The Ummah Being Aided Sa’d   said: The Messenger of Allaah   said:  “Indeed Allaah helps this Ummah with its weak ones, by their supplications, their prayers and their sincerity.” 7 And we in the present time have abandoned the weak, the needy, the poor and those who (truly) fear Allaah. As a result we have tasted the bitterness of de-feat, destruction and humiliation. And why should that not occur when it is their supplications, prayers and sincerity, which have been linked with the Ummah being helped?Let us therefore be eager to befriend and accompany the weak ones and those who fear Allaah much. Let us request the help of Allaah the Sublime and Exalted by seeking their supplications for the removal of our difficulties and the difficul-ties of the ummah of Muhammad  .  The Prayer Provides Comfort And Satisfaction By the prayer, comfort, satisfaction, and happiness is achieved. A person feels near to Allaah the Exalted. He the Sublime says: Say: Indeed Allaah leaves to stray whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns to Him. Those who believe and whose hearts are satisfied with the remem-brance of Allaah. Indeed, by the remembrance of Allaah do the hearts receive satis- faction. 8 And the prayer, all of it is dhikr (remembrance) and supplication.The Messenger   used to say to Bilaal  : “O Bilaal, give Iqaamah for the prayer that we may receive comfort by it.” 9  And he   also said:  “The prayer has been made the beauty of my eye (i.e. pleasing to me).” 10 O you who is searching for happiness, comfort for the soul and the pleasure of the eye, Let us turn to the prayer with sincere humility to Allaah the Exalted, just like the Messenger   did before us and then will you obtain your desire. If you do not then blame only yourself! Lessons And Admonitions Alee   reported that the last few words of the Prophet   were: “The prayer, the  prayer. Fear Allaah with regard to what your right hands possess.” 11 So, even during his last living moments, the Messenger   pursued the prayer of the Muslims during his fatal illness. Every time he recovered from being unconscious he asked: “Have the people prayed?”  and whenever he felt light and agile he was eager to perform the prayer in congregation and to meet his companions   so he would go out of his house in between the shoulders of two men from among his companions   to do so.What occurred in this situation during the fatal illness of the Messenger   indi-cates the greatness of the prayer, the importance of the congregational prayer and the position of the mosque in Islaam.Even during the fatal illness he was pursuing the matter of prayer! What is it then O healthy and fit ones? What is then O young and youthful ones? What is it then O you who delight in strength and liveliness? How have you made abandon-ing the congregational prayer and the mosque pleasing to your souls? And what will you do when you fall ill? O Muslims: “The prayer, the prayer”  are the last words which the Prophet   said and the first thing for which a servant will be 5) Reported by Muslim, Ahmad in his [Musnad] and others. 6) Reported by at-Tirmidhee who declared it Hasan. It is also reported by Abu Daawood, an-Nasaaeeand Ibn Maajah. 7) Reported by an-Nasaaee and others. It is also in Bukhaaree and others but without the mentionof sincerity.8) Surah Ra’d 13:27-289) Reported by Ahmad in his [Musnad] and Abu Daawood and it is also in [Saheeh ul-Jaami’], no. 7769.10) Reported by Ahmad in his [Musnad], an-Nasaaee and others. It is also in [Saheeh ul-Jaami’], no. 3093.11) Reported by Abu Daawood and Ibn Maajah. It is also in [Saheeh ul-Jaami’], no. 4492  page6page7 held accountable on the Day of Judgement, so fear Allaah and call your souls to account before you are called to account. PURIFICATION OF ONESELF BEFORE THE PRAYER 12 : In order for us to discuss the issue of prayer, we would first have to know about purification. No prayer is acceptable unless one is in a state of purification to begin with. The Messenger of Allaah   said:  “The key to the prayer is Purifica-tion. That which makes (outside) actions forbidden is the takbeer, and that which makes outside actions to become permissible is the tasleem.” 13 THE EXCELLENCE OF WUDOO: Allaah the Exalted said, “O you who Believe! When you prepare for Prayer, wash your faces and your hands (and your arms) up to the elbows. Rub your heads (with water) and (wash) your feet up to the ankles.” [Sooratul-Maa‘idah 5:7]From Aboo Hurayrah   who said, ‘The Messenger of Allaah   said, ‘The Prayer of anyone of you breaching purification is not accepted unless he performs ablution.” 14   Ibn ’Umar   said,  ‘Indeed, I heard the Messenger of Allaah   say, ‘Allaah does not accept Prayer without purification, not sadaqah (charity) from illegally attained wealth.” 15   From Aboo Hurayrah   that the Messenger of Allaah   said,  “When the Muslim servant makes wudoo‘ and washes his face, then the sin of everything he looked at with his eye comes away with the water, or with the last drop of the water, and when he washes his hands then the sin of everything he stretched out his hands to comes away with the water, or with the last drop of the water. And when he washes his feet every sin, which his feet walked towards comes away with the water or with the last drop of the water - so that he leaves purified from sins”. 16 Aboo Umaamah   said,  ‘The Messenger of Allaah   said, ‘When a Muslim makes wudoo‘ the sins he has committed come away from his hearing and from his sight and from his hand and from his feet, so when he sits he sits down having been  forgiven.”   17 Aboo Maalik al-Ash’aree   said, ‘The Messenger of Allaah   said, ‘Purification is half of eemaan. And al-hamdulillaah (saying: the praise is for Allaah) fills the Scales. And subhaanallaah (saying: may Allaah be glorified) and al-hamdulillaah fill whatever is between the heaven and the earth. And Prayer is a light. And sadaqah is a clear proof. And sabr (patience) is a shining light. And the Qur’aan is a proof for or against you. Every person starts the day dealing for his own soul so he either sets it  free or destroys it.” 18  Aboo Hurayrah   said,  ‘The Messenger of Allaah   said, ‘Whoever makes wudoo‘ and makes it well then goes out - and then finds that the people have finished the Prayer - then Allaah gives him the same reward as one who had prayed it along with the people without diminishing any of their reward.”   19 ’Uthmaan   said,  ‘The Messenger of Allaah   said, ‘Whoever performs wudoo‘ for Prayer and completes the wudoo‘ - then walks to the obligatory Prayer and prays it with the people - or with the congregation - or in the mosque - then Allaah forgives his sins.”   20 Humraan Ibn Abaan relates that ’Uthmaan   asked for water to perform wudoo‘ - then he mentioned how the Prophet   performed wudoo‘. Then he said, ‘The Prophet   said at the end of the hadeeth, ‘whoever performs wudoo‘ in the same way that I have just made wudoo‘ then stands up and prays two raka’aat (units of Prayer), not thinking of other things, then his previous sins are forgiven.” 21 INTENTION Before perfoming any act of worship (and the following are all acts of worship), one must have made the proper intention in his heart to do so, for every act is  judged by the intent of the doer. ABLUTION (AL-WUDOO‘): It is the usage of clean 22  water upon specific body parts, indeed it has been explained by Allaah the Glorified and Exalted, and the Messenger of Allaah � clarified it for us. Allaah the Exalted said, 18) Related by Muslim (1/140)19) Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 564) and an-Nisaa‘ee (no. 856). It was authenticated by al-Al-baanee in as-Saheehah (no. 6039).20) Related by Muslim (1/144)21) Related by al-Bukhaaree (11/213), Muslim (no. 226) and an-Nisaa‘ee (1/63)22) The water should not have any bad taste or weird coloration and be free from filth.12) Translators Note: The following article is a translation of the book at-Tadhkiratu fis-Sifat Wudoo‘ wa-Sa-laatin-Nabee. All footnotes containing Hadeeth referencing, or translation were added by the translator, the rest of the footnotes were made by the srcinal author.13) Related by Abu Dawood; At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah. Declared saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaanee14) Related by al-Bukhaaree (1/206) and Muslim (no. 225)15) Related by Muslim (1/60)16) Related by Muslim (1/148)17) Hasan: Related by Ahmad (2/252)

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