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NPSS on NASA's Information Power Grid: Using CORBA and Globus to Coordinate Multidisciplinary Aeroscience Applications

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This paper describes a project to evaluate the feasibility of combining Grid and Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) technologies, with a view to leveraging the numerous advantages of commodity technologies in a high-performance Grid
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  NPSS on NASA’s Information Power Grid:Using CORBA and Globus to CoordinateMultidisciplinary Aeroscience Applications NASA/TM—2000-209956 July 2000ARL–TR–2262 U.S. ARMY RESEARCH LABORATORY Isaac LopezU.S. Army Research Laboratory, Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OhioGregory J. FollenGlenn Research Center, Cleveland, OhioRichard GutierrezIntegral Systems, Cleveland, OhioIan Foster, Brian Ginsburg, Olle Larsson, Stuart Martin, Steven Tuecke, and David WoodfordArgonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois  The NASA STI Program Office . . . in ProfileSince its founding, NASA has been dedicated tothe advancement of aeronautics and spacescience. The NASA Scientific and TechnicalInformation (STI) Program Office plays a key partin helping NASA maintain this important role.The NASA STI Program Office is operated byLangley Research Center, the Lead Center forNASA’s scientific and technical information. TheNASA STI Program Office provides access to theNASA STI Database, the largest collection of aeronautical and space science STI in the world.The Program Office is also NASA’s institutionalmechanism for disseminating the results of itsresearch and development activities. These resultsare published by NASA in the NASA STI ReportSeries, which includes the following report types: • TECHNICAL PUBLICATION. Reports of completed research or a major significantphase of research that present the results of NASA programs and include extensive dataor theoretical analysis. Includes compilationsof significant scientific and technical data andinformation deemed to be of continuingreference value. NASA’s counterpart of peer-reviewed formal professional papers buthas less stringent limitations on manuscriptlength and extent of graphic presentations. • TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM. Scientificand technical findings that are preliminary orof specialized interest, e.g., quick releasereports, working papers, and bibliographiesthat contain minimal annotation. Does notcontain extensive analysis. • CONTRACTOR REPORT. Scientific andtechnical findings by NASA-sponsoredcontractors and grantees. • CONFERENCE PUBLICATION. Collectedpapers from scientific and technicalconferences, symposia, seminars, or othermeetings sponsored or cosponsored byNASA. • SPECIAL PUBLICATION. Scientific,technical, or historical information fromNASA programs, projects, and missions,often concerned with subjects havingsubstantial public interest. • TECHNICAL TRANSLATION. English-language translations of foreign scientificand technical material pertinent to NASA’smission.Specialized services that complement the STIProgram Office’s diverse offerings includecreating custom thesauri, building customizeddata bases, organizing and publishing researchresults . . . even providing videos.For more information about the NASA STIProgram Office, see the following: • Access the NASA STI Program Home Pageat http://www.sti.nasa.gov • E-mail your question via the Internet tohelp@sti.nasa.gov • Fax your question to the NASA AccessHelp Desk at (301) 621-0134 • Telephone the NASA Access Help Desk at(301) 621-0390 • Write to: NASA Access Help Desk NASA Center for AeroSpace Information 7121 Standard Drive Hanover, MD 21076  NASA/TM—2000-209956 July 2000 National Aeronautics andSpace AdministrationGlenn Research Center ARL–TR–2262 Prepared for theComputational Aerosciences Workshopsponsored by the High Performance Computing and Communications ProgramMoffett Field, California, February 15–17, 2000 U.S. ARMY RESEARCH LABORATORY Isaac LopezU.S. Army Research Laboratory, Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OhioGregory J. FollenGlenn Research Center, Cleveland, OhioRichard GutierrezIntegral Systems, Cleveland, OhioIan Foster, Brian Ginsburg, Olle Larsson, Stuart Martin, Steven Tuecke, and David WoodfordArgonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois NPSS on NASA’s Information Power Grid:Using CORBA and Globus to CoordinateMultidisciplinary Aeroscience Applications  Acknowledgments Research activities at Argonne National Laboratory relating to NPSS and Commodity Grid Toolkits were supported by NASA’s High Performance Computing and Communications Program, by the Mathematical, Information, andComputational Sciences Division subprogram of the Office of Computational and Technology Research,U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract W–31–109–Eng–38, and by the National Science Foundation.The authors express appreciation to management of the High Performance Computing andCommunications Program and to NASA Glenn Research Center’s NPSS team.Available fromNASA Center for Aerospace Information7121 Standard DriveHanover, MD 21076Price Code: A03National Technical Information Service5285 Port Royal RoadSpringfield, VA 22100Price Code: A03Trade names or manufacturers’ names are used in this report foridentification only. This usage does not constitute an officialendorsement, either expressed or implied, by the NationalAeronautics and Space Administration.Available electronically at http://gltrs.grc.nasa.gov/GLTRS  NASA/TM—2000-209956 1 NPSS ON NASA’S INFORMATION POWER GRID: USING CORBAAND GLOBUS TO COORDINATE MULTIDISCIPLINARYAEROSCIENCE APPLICATIONS Isaac LopezU.S. Army Research LaboratoryNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGlenn Research CenterCleveland, Ohio 44135Gregory J. FollenNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGlenn Research CenterCleveland, Ohio 44135Richard GutierrezIntegral SystemsCleveland, Ohio 44135Ian Foster, Brian Ginsburg, Olle Larsson, Stuart Martin, Steven Tuecke, and David WoodfordArgonne National LaboratoryArgonne, Illinois 60439SUMMARYThis paper describes a project to evaluate the feasibility of combining Grid and Numerical Propulsion SystemSimulation (NPSS) technologies, with a view to leveraging the numerous advantages of commodity technologiesin a high-performance Grid environment. A team from the NASA Glenn Research Center and Argonne NationalLaboratory has been studying three problems: a desktop-controlled parameter study using Excel (Microsoft Cor-poration); a multicomponent application using ADPAC, NPSS, and a controller program; and an aviation safetyapplication running about 100 jobs in near real time. The team has successfully demonstrated (1) a Common-Object-Request-Broker-Architecture- (CORBA-) to-Globus resource manager gateway that allows CORBA remote proce-dure calls to be used to control the submission and execution of programs on workstations and massively parallelcomputers, (2) a gateway from the CORBA Trader service to the Grid information service, and (3) a preliminaryintegration of CORBA and Grid security mechanisms. We have applied these technologies to two applicationsrelated to NPSS, namely a parameter study and a multicomponent simulation.INTRODUCTIONWithin NASA’s High Performance Computing and Communication (HPCC) Program, the NASA GlennResearch Center at Lewis Field is developing an environment for analyzing and designing aircraft engines called theNumerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) (ref. 1). NASA’s vision for NPSS is to create a “numerical testcell,” enabling full engine simulations overnight on cost-effective computing platforms. To this end, NPSS inte-grates multiple disciplines such as aerodynamics, structures, and heat transfer, and it supports “numerical zooming”from zero-dimensional to one-, two-, and three-dimensional component engine codes. To facilitate the timely andcost-effective capture of complex physical processes, NPSS uses object-oriented technologies such as C++ objectsto encapsulate individual engine components and Object Request Brokers (ORB’s) from the Common ObjectRequest Broker Architecture (CORBA) for object communication and deployment across heterogeneous computingplatforms.Recently, the HPCC and Base R&T programs initiated a concept called the Information Power Grid (IPG,ref.2), a virtual computing environment that integrates computers and other resources at different sites (ref. 3).
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