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Review: Indonesian Music and Dance: Traditional Music and Its Interaction with the West. A Compilation of Articles (1935-1952) by Jaap Kunst (Frijn et al., Eds.)

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Review: Indonesian Music and Dance: Traditional Music and Its Interaction with the West. A Compilation of Articles (1935-1952) by Jaap Kunst (Frijn et al., Eds.)
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  http://www.jstor.org Review: [untitled]Author(s): Sarah WeissReviewed work(s): Indonesian Music and Dance: Traditional Music and Its Interaction with theWest. A Compilation of Articles (1935-1952) by Jaap Kunst Originally Published in Dutchwith Biographical Essays by Ernst Heins, Elisabeth den Otter, and Felix van Lamsweerde byMaya Frijn ; Sandra Reijnhart ; Andrew BaxterSource: Yearbook for Traditional Music, Vol. 31, (1999), pp. 130-131Published by: International Council for Traditional MusicStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/767980 Accessed: 01/05/2008 09:39 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available athttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unlessyou have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and youmay use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained athttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ictm.Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We enable thescholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform thatpromotes the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.  130/1999YEARBOOK FORTRADITIONALMUSIC Frijn,Mayaetal.(editors).Indonesian Music and Dance: TraditionalMusic andIts Interaction with the West.Acompilation ofarticles(1935-1952)byJaapKunstsrcinallypublishedin Dutch withbiographical essays byErnstHeins,Elisabeth denOtter,and FelixvanLamsweerde. Amsterdam:Royal Tropical Institute/TropenmuseumandUniversityofAmsterdam/EthnomusicologyCentre"JaapKunst,"1994.TranslatedbySandraReijnhartand AndrewBaxter.273pp.,photos,appendices, map,musicalexamples, bibliography.AnhomagetoJaapKunst from his students and others who followinhisfootstepsbest summarizes thisofferingfrom theRoyalTropicalInsti-tute and theUniversityofAmsterdam'sEthnomusicologyCentre"JaapKunst."Selectedandeditedbyaneditorial committeeconsistingofMayaFrijn,ErnstHeins,Felix vanLamsweerde,SusanLegene,Elisabeth denOtter,andStevenVink,thisbookpresentssixofKunst'sessaysintransla-tion,alongwithcontributions frommembers of the editorial committeedescribingKunst'sroleinthedevelopmentof the fieldofethnomusicologyand his workinDutch institutions.The bookisorganizedinto three sections. The firstcomprisesthreeessaysabout Kunst himself.In"JaapKunst and the Rise ofEthnomusicology,"Ernst HeinsrecountsKunst's travelsbeginningwithhisearlyclericalemployment.When WWI-era ravel restrictionswerelifted,Kunst headed to theNetherlandsEast Indies and landedajobas a musi-ciantouringininternational clubs.Duringhis tenyearsinthe EastIndies,Kunst worked asacivilservant and free-lancecomparative musicologist,evenmanagingtobepaid bythegovernmentfor hismusicologicalworkfor twoyearsbeforethedepression.On Kunst's return to the Nether-lands,he worked asalecturerat theUniversityofAmsterdam andascuratorof theTropenmuseummusiccollections,wherehe furtherdevel-opedtheIndonesian,SouthAsian andAfricanholdings.Kunst'smostvaluablepersonalcontributions to the collectionare the more than 300waxcylinder recordingshe madeduringhisyearsinAsia.Kunst's adven-turesinmakingtheserecordingsare recountedinFelix van Lamsweerde'sarticleinthis collection. VanLamsweerde'sinventoryoftheentire waxcylindercollectionof theTropenmuseuminAppendixIIisextremelyusefulforanyonewantingtoaccessthese audiosources.The next two sections containtranslations ofKunst'swritingsintro-duced with briefessaysbyMaya Frijn.Whileinteresting,these introduc-tory essaysrepeatsome material foundpreviouslyin themoresubstantialessayson Kunstinthefirstsection.Frijn'sntroductions arewritten asiftostandindependently,and should have beenedited to bemorefullyinte-gratedwiththe rest of the material.IntheessaysinSectionII,we encounterKunst'sperspectiveson theprocessof cultural interaction.In"IndigenousMusicand the ChristianMissionaries,"a 1946 lecturedelivered to studentsat theMissionarySchoolofOegstgeest,Netherlands,weseeKunstgrapplingwith the ethicalis-suesofmissionarywork. His doubts arepalpableashe chastisespreviousmissionaryexpeditionsfor their zealinconverting indigenous peopleso  vigorouslyas to cause them toforgettheir own musicsand cultural habits.Knowingthatmissionaryactivitywillproceed irrespectiveof what hemightsay,Kunstsuggeststhat thebestwaytoconvertpeopleisto be flexible andtoencouragethem toincorporatetheirownmusicand cultural traditionsintoChristianworship,thusfulfilling(howeverunsatisfactorily)the aimsof boththe missionariesand the culturalpreservationists.In"Musicologica,"Kunst haspreparedasynopsisof issues and ideascurrentin1949inthe field ofcomparative musicology, featuring prob-lemsofinterval measurementandclassificationofinstruments(despiteKunst'sobvious irritation with the mathematicsoftheformer).Perhapsmoreinterestingare sections in which Kunst describes the achievementsand ideas ofsignificant European comparative musicologistsandhisownthoughtsontranscription,fieldwork,andtheintuitiveandinterpretiveskills neededbyagood ethnomusicologist.Here Kunst articulatesmanyideasandissuesstillcurrentintoday'sethnomusicologicaldebates.TheessaysinSectionIIIreflect Kunst's voraciousappetiteforknowl-edgeabout musical traditionsofmanyculturesinwhat isnowIndonesiaand,subsequently,theirinteraction with the West-thus,oneof the titlesofthebook(ingeneral,however,none of thisbook'svarious titlescap-tures the true nature ofthismixed collectionofwritings).Intwo of thefouressays,Kunst isconcernedwithdocumentingthemusic and danceofparticularethnicgroupsfrom islands otherthanJavaandBali. Of theothertwo,one concerns the fate of various Western melodies centuriesaftertheyhad been introduced into severaldifferentIndonesian musicalcultures. The other examines(howeversuperficially)some2000yearsofthe social andpoliticalhistoryofSumatrathroughthecompositesoundsof the musicsofthemanyethnicgroupsfoundonthe island.TranslatorsSandraReijnhart(fromDutch toEnglish)and AndrewBaxter(fromGerman toEnglish)are to be commendedformaintainingthequirkycandidnessof Kunst'sprose,which makes this collection mostpleasurableto read. Kunst'swritingoftenseems more likepersonaljot-tingsfor his intimatecolleagues.Hissharpcriticisms andcrispassess-ments ofcontemporaryideas and hispersonalcommentsregardingtrain-inginfieldwork(ifyou've gotit,you'vegotit-it can't betaught)andwritingabout musical cultures are as useful ashisdetaileddocumentationsof musical cultures.Cloth-bound,the bookislavishlydecorated withphotographsreprintedfrom Kunst'sowncollectionas well astranscriptionsinKunst'shand. Whilethe editors have left a fewrough edges,this book isworthyofaspoton theshelvesofanyoneinterestedin thedevelopmentof thefield ofethnomusicologyingeneralor ofIndonesianmusicologyinparticular. SARAHWEISSREVIEWSBOOKS/131

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