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Relativity Myth Busted

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A misunderstanding of light propagation resulted in the Special Theory of Relativity, the Lorentz Aether Theory and the abandoning of the aether. It will be shown by experimental results that light propagating at right angles to the direction of
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  Relativity Myth Busted? Ronald Clyde WardTaylorsville, Utahrward0@aol.com Updated September 10, 2019AbstractA misunderstanding of light propagation resulted in the Special Theory of Relativity, theLorentz Aether Theory and the abandoning of the aether. It will be shown by experimentalresults that light propagating at right angles to the direction of source movement co-moveswith the source due to inertia, thereby allowing vector light speed to exceed the propagation velocity c. We therefore need to reinstate aether and reanalyze the Michelson-Morley type of experiments along with length contraction and time dilation.Key Words: Relativity, Time Dilation, Length Contraction, Michelson, Morley, Luminiferous, Aether, Ether, Einstein, Lorentz, Light Propagation, Spacetime, Velocity asymmetry Section I. Special Theory of Relativity Inconsistency It was srcinally thought that light being a wave traveled through a luminiferous aether like sound travels through air as shown in Figure 1a  and  Figure 1b . 1 page 20, 2  However the concept that all energy has inertia just like matter is not generally considered in connection with the transverse propagation of light. Light as it passes the Sun falls toward the Sun. 3, 1 page 560  Gravitational lensing observations are common. Check out the “Einstein on the Inertia of Energy”. 4, 28 Chapter 9 1   Fig. 1a  Light wavefronts propagatingoutward from a stationary point source. Fig. 1b  Traditional incorrect concept of light wavefronts propagating outward from a point source moving at 0.5 c. 5  Note the light propagating transverse to source movementis not moving with the source.  Each contour line in these figures represents a wavefront propagating and moving out from the source. The outer contour line was emitted at 1.0 unit of time ago and the others at 0.75, 0.5, 0.25 and .007 for the inner dot. You might think of the distance units as one foot and the time units as one nanosecond. Figure 2  represents how a collimated light beam propagates and travels through space with different source directional movements.Consider a laser pointing upward in space. If the laser is moving opposite to the direction of  propagation as shown in Figure 2a , then the wavefronts shown by horizontal lines are stretched out in space or the aether frame of reference. Conversely if the laser is moving in the direction of light  propagation then the wavefronts are compressed as shown in Figure 2b.  This is simply Doppler effect at the source. 4 The amount of stretch is proportional to the speed v and the cosine of the angle between the platform motion and the direction of light propagation. If this angle is 90 0 then the wavefronts are neither stretched nor compressed indicating no change in frequency, wavelength or propagation speed relative to the source.If the laser is moving to the side, the light beam is not left behind as depicted in Figure 2c . The light  beam simply co-moves to the side with the laser as shown in Figure 2d . This concept has been demonstrated by experiments 23  and since the components are all co-moving in the same frame of reference it is the same as described by the Special Theory of Relativity.The author has also performed a simple first order experiment that easily demonstrates that light travelsaccording to Figure 2d  not Figure 2c . This experiment is to be explained in Section II . Special Theory of Relativity 1 st  principle describes the light propagating from a source as shown in Figure 2d, that is to say no absolute frame of reference. 1 page 27  It also describes light not moving with the source as shown in Figure 1b. 5  It can't be both ways. Either the beam follows the movement of the source, Figure 2d, or it is left behind, Figure 1b.  Both of these figures are in the same aether frame of reference. Things can't be different in the same frame of reference. Propagation can't be different when viewed from different frames of reference. Propagation is not different for different observers other than observers Doppler effect and aberration. Observers do not alter the way light behaves. Light does not know who is watching it. Light can't behave differently for different observers at the same time. This nonsense defies reality. The laws of physics are the same not only in the observers frame of reference but as viewed from any frame of reference by any observer (Galilean transformations).If we consider that light has inertia or the experiment results to be described in Section II , then we have what is shown in Figure 2d , Figure 3a,   Figure 3b  and Figure 3c . Note that in each figure the light propagating transverse to the direction of source movement follows the source. Figure 3c  depicts a point source moving to the right through the aether with speeds 0.0c, 0.25c, 0.5c, 0.75c and 1.0c. Notice how the contour lines touch the distance grid lines at four +/-1.0 points. The  points that the curve contacts horizontal grid lines are at the current horizontal position of the source. This shows that light propagating at right angles to the source movement moves sideways with the source due to inertia.2  3 Fig. 2a  Laser moving opposite to thedirection of propagation. Fig. 2b  Laser moving in thedirection of beam propagation. 1234567890    L  a  s  e  r   M  o  v   i  n  g   L  a  s  e  r   B  e  a  m  p  r  o  p  a  g  a   t   i  n  g  v  e  r   t   i  c  a   l   l  y    L  a  s  e  r   M  o  v   i  n  g    W  a  v  e   f  r  o  n   t  s  a  r  e  s  p  r  e  a   d  o  u   t  o  v  e  r  a   l  o  n  g  e  r   d   i  s   t  a  n  c  e   i  n   t   h  e  a  e   t   h  e  r   (   D  o  p  p   l  e  r  e   f   f  e  c   t  a   t  s  o  u  r  c  e   )   W  a  v  e   f  r  o  n   t  s  a  r  e  c  o  m  p  r  e  s  s  e   d   i  n   t   h  e  a  e   t   h  e  r   (   D  o  p  p   l  e  r  e   f   f  e  c   t  a   t  s  o  u  r  c  e   )   L  a  s  e  r   B  e  a  m   P  r  o  p  a  g  a   t   i  n  g   V  e  r   t   i  c  a   l   l  y 1234567890 Fig. 2c  Laser moving to the right withlight beam left behind in the aether.    L  a  s  e  r   M  o  v   i  n  g β    L  a  s  e  r   M  o  v   i  n  g Light beam movessideways with laser due to light beaminertia 1234567890123456   7890 Fig. 2d  Laser moving to the right with lightbeam following laser through the aether.(Aether wind from the side has no effect onlight beam)    L  a  s  e  r   B  e  a  m  p  r  o  p  a  g  a   t   i  n  g  v  e  r   t   i  c  a   l   l  y  a   t  s  p  e  e   d  c   L  a  s  e  r   B  e  a  m  p  r  o  p  a  g  a   t   i  n  g  v  e  r   t   i  c  a   l   l  y  a   t  s  p  e  e   d  c  4 Fig. 3a  Light wavefronts propagating outwardfrom a point source of light moving at 0.5 cthrough the aether as shown in the equipmentframe of reference. Fig. 3b  Light wavefronts propagating outwardfrom a point source moving at 0.5 c through theaether as shown in the aether frame of reference. Note: Transverse light moves with the source. Fig. 3c  Light impulse emitted at position 0,0 propagating andmoving outward from a pointsource which is moving atvarious speeds to the right asshown in the aether frame of reference. Note the distance light propagated  in the four directions from where theimpulse was emitted is equal to 1for all source velocities. Theapparent horizontal distance lighttravels equals 1+/- v where v isthe source speed. The totalvector speed can be as high as(c 2  + v 2 ) 0.5  if the transversesource velocity were equal to c.  Source Speeds  Black Circle – 0.0c Lavender – 0.25c Blue – 0.5c Red – 0.75c Orange – 1.0c CurrentSource Positions -1 -1 +1 +1  Section II. Experiments Answer the Question Which figure is correct? Figure 2c  or Figure 2d .Each horizontal line in Figure 2  represents a horizontal wavefront propagating vertically. Wavefront 0 is just a reference. Wavefront 9 represents a horizontal wavefront that was re-radiated (Huygens Principle) 6  9 units of time ago from a position currently occupied by Wavefront 8. Thus propagation takes place vertically at speed c. The same explanation applies to all other wavefronts.For a mental 3D picture of this light propagation, think of placing a stack of playing cards on the edge of a table and repeatedly inserting an additional card directly under the stack of cards representing the vertical propagation of the light beam.It will be shown however as a result of the experiment that light travels according to Figure 2d  not  Figure 2c . This type of experiment has been done 7  and proposed 27  before but not necessarily in a way to differentiate between Figure 2c  and Figure 2d .The author srcinally thought that a collimated light beam propagated upward from a laser as shown in Figure 2c  or from a point source as shown in Figure 1b . It was thought that the light beam might be displaced through angle β as shown in Figure 2c  as a result of the source moving to the right through space or aether wind moving to the left. The author considered it might be possible to measure aether wind speed by looking for a change in beam angle β. To test this theory the experiment shown in Figure 4  on the next page was devised.Light from a laser-diode shown in Figure 4  was directed horizontally to a lens about 27 inches away to produce a horizontal laser beam, then a mirror directed the beam downward 72 inches to focus the laser-diode image on a four diode array. The apparatus rotated at 1 RPM. Two volt meters displayed any XY displacements of the laser-diode image on the detector array. A cell phone camera recorded  beam displacements and directional information. Eight sets of numbers per revolution was input into a spreadsheet where linear drift was removed and a discrete Fourier transform was used to extract synchronous rotation information from noise. The spreadsheet also gave signal to noise ratio numbers.To make the experiment simpler to understand you can mentally replace the lens with a small hole. A lens was used to gather more light, but this does not change the central ray or the operation. The concept is that a horizontal aether wind would not affect the collimated horizontal beam but might blow the vertical beam to the side as depicted in Figure 2c as the surface of the earth rotates in space. The aether may be rotating with the planets around the Sun, but it does not rotate with the Earth asoptical gyros accurately detect this rotation. 8, 9  At the latitude of this experiment the surface speed of the Earth due to rotation about its axis is roughly 1,000 miles per hour implying this to be a minimum average aether wind speed.As a result of the experiment it was determined the spot moved less than 1 part in 10,000,000. This would show any aether wind effects due to the Earth rotation about its axis with a signal to noise ratio of about 10.5
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