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The Evolution of Technology Has Dramatically Changed Society

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  The evolution of technology has dramatically changed society. An endless number of people all over the world use and benefit from modern technology, and the tremendous opportunities it provides play a significant role in almost all fields of human life. Technology has simplified the access to many necessary tools people need in education, industry, medicine, communication, transportation, and so on. However, excessive usage of technology has its drawbacks as well. Though, in most cases, the speed of fulfilling tasks accelerates with the help of technology, many people do not realize that technology negatively affectssociety, and its considerable development has complicated life in a number of different ways. Technology has weakened the relations among family members. Busy with diverse devices, family members cannot have such convivial atmosphere as they used to in the past. Before the invention of these devices, family members would sit together around the table and play gamestogether. However, since the invention of video games, those kinds of entertainment have changed to games played individually, and the impact of such games on family relations is apparent. Nowadaysinstead of watching TV together or eating a family meal, everyone in the family isin a separate room, either playing video games, watching football or just typing messages. Though, in some cases, technology helps parents to communicate with their children and know their location, it is not always enough for children’s safety just to stay connec ted with the family. People are so mesmerized by their smart phones or laptops that they are blind to others around them. Consequently, spending less time with family and more time with different gadgets can cause the loss of tight contacts with close relations. Technology also has both positive and negative effects in the area of education. Excessive usage of electronic gadgets is weakening people’s memory. Of course, the substantial development of technology has its positive effects on education as classes have become more dynamic between teachers and students with technology. Furthermore,students nowadays can communicate with their teachers and learn all the essential information via the Internet. However, students of the new generations seem to have several significant problems either with writing complete sentences or spelling words because of the frequent usage of text messages. Today’s students are also better at remembering where to look for information rather than remembering the information itself. Besides memory problems, technology usage can trigger serious diseases as well. Health problems caused by modern technology have evolved into an important problem, especially among teenagers. Adolescents pay a high price for depending on social networks, computer games and TV, especially when it comes to sleep. The Internet has become like the air to breath, the water to drink for children (Rich, par. 7). This dependence seems to be the cause of several serious health problemssuch as sleep deprivation, vision problems, obesity, cancer and so on (Technology and Health Problems, par. 1).   Addiction to technology has also made people lazy; that is, people have begun to pay less attention to walking and more to sitting, listening, and playing games. Though the automation of machines has reduced the risk to human life as they perform risky jobs instead of humans, still robots themselves can create risky circumstances that are hazardous for humans. For instance, in robotic surgery people can face these risks because of instrument failures (Sairam, par. 5). If people do not use such devices rationally, they can damage their lives in the near future. Technology has both positive and negative impact on the environment, too. On the positive side, technology improves the environment in terms of intense methods of agriculture, building better houses, and so on. Nevertheless, sometimes excessive land exploitation can decrease its fertility. Cars, factories, and power plants also pollute the air by emitting huge amounts of carbon dioxide, which can, eventually, trigger an ozone hole in stratospheric layer (Ausubel and Sladovich, par. 3).  Additionally, usage of disparate mineral resources can also pollute the air. For example, burning any kind of fuel fossilsreleases dangerous microscopic elements into the air (Stanic, par. 3). All these kinds of pollution caused by the development of technology can lead to global environmental problems. To sum up, people can see numerous positive effects of technology on different aspects of human life such as education, agriculture, personal safety, and the environment; however, not everyone thinks about its downsides. Though modern technology indeed facilitates people’s tasks and duties, it may weaken human bodies, ruin nature, and destroy good values regarding social communication. TECHNOLOGY Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, including machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species’ ability to control and adapt to their natural environments. The human species’ use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistorical discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans in travelling in and controlling their environment. Recent technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. However, not all technology has been used for peaceful purposes; the development of weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons. {{}{}{}{Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped develop more advanced economies (including today’s global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. M any technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural  resources, to the detriment of the Earth and its environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, a term srcinally applied only to machines, and the challenge of traditional norms. Evolusi teknologi telah secara dramatis mengubah masyarakat. Sejumlah besar orang di seluruh dunia menggunakan dan mengambil manfaat dari teknologi modern, dan peluang luar biasa yang disediakannya memainkan peran penting dalam hampir semua bidang kehidupan manusia. Teknologi telah menyederhanakan akses ke banyak alat yang dibutuhkan orang dalam  pendidikan, industri, kedokteran, komunikasi, transportasi, dan sebagainya. Namun, penggunaan teknologi yang berlebihan memiliki kekurangan juga. Meskipun, dalam banyak kasus, kecepatan memenuhi tugas dipercepat dengan bantuan teknologi, banyak orang tidak menyadari bahwa teknologi mempengaruhi masyarakat secara negatif, dan perkembangannya yang besar telah mempersulit kehidupan dalam sejumlah cara yang berbeda. Teknologi telah melemahkan hubungan di antara anggota keluarga. Sibuk dengan  beragam perangkat, anggota keluarga tidak dapat memiliki suasana yang ramah seperti dulu. Sebelum penemuan perangkat ini, anggota keluarga akan duduk bersama di sekitar meja dan  bermain bersama.  Namun, sejak ditemukannya video game, hiburan semacam itu telah berubah menjadi permainan yang dimainkan secara individual, dan dampak dari permainan tersebut pada hubungan keluarga terlihat jelas. Saat ini bukan menonton TV bersama atau makan makanan keluarga, semua orang di keluarga berada di ruang terpisah, baik bermain video game, menonton sepak bola atau hanya mengetik pesan. Meskipun, dalam beberapa kasus, teknologi membantu orang tua untuk  berkomunikasi dengan anak-anak mereka dan mengetahui lokasi mereka, itu tidak selalu cukup untuk keselamatan anak-anak hanya untuk tetap terhubung dengan keluarga. Orang-orang begitu terpesona oleh ponsel pintar atau laptop mereka sehingga mereka buta terhadap orang lain di sekitar mereka. Akibatnya, menghabiskan lebih sedikit waktu dengan keluarga dan lebih banyak waktu dengan gadget yang berbeda dapat menyebabkan hilangnya kontak yang erat dengan hubungan dekat. Teknologi juga memiliki efek positif dan negatif di  bidang pendidikan. Penggunaan gadget elektronik yang berlebihan melemahkan memori orang. Tentu saja, perkembangan substansial teknologi memiliki efek positif pada pendidikan karena kelas menjadi lebih dinamis antara guru dan siswa dengan teknologi. Selanjutnya, siswa saat ini dapat berkomunikasi dengan guru mereka dan mempelajari semua informasi penting melalui Internet. Namun, siswa dari generasi baru tampaknya memiliki  beberapa masalah signifikan baik dengan menulis kalimat lengkap atau mengeja kata karena  seringnya penggunaan pesan teks. Siswa hari ini juga lebih baik dalam mengingat di mana mencari informasi daripada mengingat informasi itu sendiri. Selain masalah memori,  penggunaan teknologi juga dapat memicu penyakit serius. Masalah kesehatan yang disebabkan oleh teknologi modern telah berkembang menjadi masalah  penting, terutama di kalangan remaja. Remaja membayar harga tinggi untuk bergantung pada  jejaring sosial, permainan komputer, dan TV, terutama ketika harus tidur. Internet telah menjadi seperti udara untuk bernafas, air untuk diminum bagi anak-anak (Rich, par. 7). Ketergantungan ini tampaknya menjadi penyebab beberapa masalah kesehatan serius seperti kurang tidur, masalah penglihatan, obesitas, kanker dan sebagainya (Masalah Teknologi dan Kesehatan, par. 1). Kecanduan teknologi juga membuat orang malas; yaitu, orang-orang mulai kurang memperhatikan berjalan dan lebih banyak duduk, mendengarkan, dan bermain game. Meskipun otomatisasi mesin telah mengurangi risiko bagi kehidupan manusia karena mereka melakukan  pekerjaan berisiko dan bukan manusia, robot itu sendiri dapat menciptakan keadaan berisiko yang berbahaya bagi manusia. Misalnya, dalam operasi robot, orang dapat menghadapi risiko ini karena kegagalan instrumen (Sairam, par. 5). Jika orang tidak menggunakan perangkat tersebut secara rasional, mereka dapat merusak kehidupan mereka dalam waktu dekat. Teknologi juga memiliki dampak positif dan negatif terhadap lingkungan. Sisi positifnya, teknologi meningkatkan lingkungan dalam hal metode pertanian yang intens, membangun rumah yang lebih baik, dan sebagainya. Meskipun demikian, terkadang eksploitasi lahan yang  berlebihan dapat menurunkan kesuburannya. Mobil, pabrik, dan pembangkit listrik juga mencemari udara dengan memancarkan sejumlah besar karbon dioksida, yang pada akhirnya dapat memicu lubang ozon di lapisan stratosfer (Ausubel dan Sladovich, par. 3). Selain itu, penggunaan sumber daya mineral yang berbeda juga dapat mencemari udara. Misalnya, membakar segala jenis bahan bakar fosil melepaskan unsur-unsur mikroskopis yang  berbahaya ke udara (Stanic, par. 3). Semua jenis polusi yang disebabkan oleh perkembangan teknologi dapat menyebabkan masalah lingkungan global. Singkatnya, orang dapat melihat  banyak efek positif teknologi pada berbagai aspek kehidupan manusia seperti pendidikan,  pertanian, keselamatan pribadi, dan lingkungan; Namun, tidak semua orang berpikir tentang kerugiannya. Meskipun teknologi modern memang memudahkan tugas dan tugas orang, itu dapat melemahkan tubuh manusia, merusak alam, dan menghancurkan nilai-nilai baik mengenai komunikasi sosial. TEKNOLOGI Teknologi adalah pembuatan, modifikasi, penggunaan, dan pengetahuan alat, mesin, teknik, kerajinan tangan, sistem, dan metode organisasi, untuk menyelesaikan masalah, meningkatkan solusi yang sudah ada sebelumnya untuk suatu masalah, mencapai tujuan, menangani penerapan hubungan input / output atau melakukan fungsi tertentu.

December 2013

Sep 22, 2019
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