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THE ROOT OF SOME TRANSLATION MISHAPS

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This talk focuses on translation issues related to the biblical languages, particularly how traditional lexicons and translations have affected our understanding of Hebrew and Greek and how these have affected subsequent translations. As a case
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  THE ROOT OF SOME TRANSLATION MISHAPS By: Kevin Grasso  THE TASK OF TRANSLATION  What is accuracy in translation? Do we translate semantics or pragmatics?  “Pragmatics may be roughly defined as the study of language use in context– as compared with semantics, which is the study of literal meaning independent of context” (Birner2013:2)  What is meaning?  “To know the meaning of a sentence is to know its truth conditions…[or] what the world would have to be like for it to be true.” (Heim and Kratzer1998:1)  MEANING IN THE SOURCE LANGUAGE  Exercising caution with lexicons  Metalanguage is not precise  Subtle differences are often missed  How do we determine which meaning is correct in a given context?  MEANING IN THE TARGET LANGUAGE  Small variations in translations can affect interpretive options  MEANING IN THE TARGET LANGUAGE CONT.  Being a native speaker does not mean you know the meaning of a word  Lexicons and dictionaries often give a gloss with a meaning that is a proper subset of the meaning of the actual term  Example: What does ‘drown’ mean (see Rappaport Hovav2015)? Target Meaning Source Meaning
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