SYSTEMS
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM:The Circulatory System is responsible for nutrients, water, and oxygen throughout the entire body andcarries away wastes such as carbon dioxide that body cells produce.PartsFunctionsThe Hearta muscle about the size of your fist• located in the center of your chest slightly to the left• pumps blood and keep the blood moving throughout your bodyThe BloodRed Blood CellsWhite Blood Cells• carries nutrients, water, oxygen and waste products to and from your  body cells• travels through thousands of miles of blood vessels right within your own body.• about 5,000,000 Red Blood Cells in ONE drop of blood• pick up oxygen in the lungs and transport it to all the body cells• gather up the carbon dioxide and transports it back to the lungs whereit is removed from the body when we exhale• help the body fight off germs• attack and destroy germs when they enter the bodyPlateletshelp stop bleeding esp. when skin is cut or we get wounded• plugs up to the holes of arteries where blood is leaking off and attractother platelets and fibers to make the blood clotPlasmaliquid part of the blood• makes up approximately half of our blood• carries the blood cells and other components throughout the bodyThe Blood VesselsArteriesCapillariesVeinscarry oxygen rich blood AWAY from the heartthin or thinner than the hairs on your head• connects arteries to veins• site where exchange of nutrients, gas and waste take place in respectto the cs• carry blood back toward your heart.DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:Its main function is to digest the food eatMouthfirst stop of food in entering the digestive tract• prepares food in entering our body by grinding, cutting and wetting it to becomemore acceptable in the bodyEpiglottislies beneath just the tongue• a flap that directs food to the esophagus and prevents it from entering the tracheaEsophagustube-like structure that serves as the larynx for food• passageway of food to the stomachstomach• contains gastric juices that digests the food like the way they are decomposed as itcontract and expand• separates the needed nutrients from food and prepare them for the next path for the
 
foodSmall Intestinegrind the food more thoroughLarge Intestinelast stop for food before secretion
Rectum
• short, muscular tube that forms the lowest portion of the large intestine andconnects it to the anus• feces collects here until pressure on the rectal walls cause nerve impulses to pass tothe brain, which then sends messages to the voluntary muscles in the anus to relax, permitting expulsion
Anus
• the passageway that allows the release of the feces out of the body
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
It's main function is to produce and secrete hormones that are responsible the body's growth, metabolism,and sexual development and function.Hypothalamus
• regulates satiety, metabolism, and body temperature
• stimulate or suppress the release of hormones in the pituitary glandPituitary Gland
• control many functions of other endocrine glands
Thyroid Gland• regulate the body's metabolism and help maintain normal blood pressure, heartrate, digestion, muscle tone, and reproductive functionsParathyroid Glands• which plays a role in regulating calcium levels in the blood and bone metabolismAdrenal Glands
• regulate the body's metabolism, the balance of salt and water in the body, theimmune system, and sexual function• help the body cope with physical and emotional stress by increasing the heartrate and blood pressure
Pineal Body• which may help regulate the wake-sleep cycle of the body.Reproductive Glands• main source of sex hormones
Pancreasexocrine pancreas, secretes digestive enzymes
• endocrine pancreas, regulate the level of glucose in the bloodstreamINTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM:It's functions are to protect underlying tissues and prevents the loss of fluids.Skinguard underlying muscles and organs• performs insulation and temperature regulation, sensation and vitamin D and B synthesisHair 
• protects certain body parts it covers• regulates temparature in surfaces it covers
 Nails• serves as a protective plate and enhances sensation of the fingertipGlands• performs means on release of temperature or wastes• lubricates body parts and protect them from dirt and bacteriaMASCULAR SYSTEM:Enables us to move our body, protects some organs, etc.Muscleabove descriptionMyofilamentsthreadlike proteins found in myofibril
 
• attach and detach to each other causing contractions or relaxing,depending on the amount of ATP presentTendonsa tough white cord-like tissue formed by layer of connective that bundle the various parts of muscles• stretch and provides additional length at the muscle-bone junctionInsertionend that is attached to a bone that moves when the muscle contracts
 NERVOUS SYSTEM:
It is the control and communication system of the body. Its job is to send and receive messages. Your nervous system controls all your thoughts and movements. Neurons
• long, stringy cells that make up the nervous system are called neurons
• carry the electrical messages that are the "language" of the nervous systemBrain
•command center and main information center of your entire bodyhelps the body respond to the information it receives from the senses and processesthoughts•has cerebrum, which controls vision, touch, and other senses where thinking takes place;and cerebellum which helps control balance and coordination; lastly the brain stem whichlink to the spinal cord and it also controls digestion, breathing, and heartbeat.
Spinal Cord
• neurons that runs up the spine and attaches to the brain stem
• responsible to the reflex action: it holds impulses and direct us to act w/out thinking
Reproductive System
Responsible for the reproduction or the possibility to have own offspring in the combination of thefeatures of two individuals.MALEFEMALE
Penis
• anatomically male copulatory organ
Vagina• place where semen from the anatomic male isdeposited into the anatomically female person's body at the climax of sexual intercourse, commonlyknown as ejaculationScrotum
• pouch-like structure that hangs behind the penisthat holds and protects the testes
Cervix
• narrower tube-like structure that connects the vaginato the uterus
Epididymis• whitish mass of tightly coiled tubes cuppedagainst the testicles•acts as a maturation and storage place for sperm before they pass into the vas deferens,tubes that carry sperm to the ampullary glandand prostatic ducts.Uterus• major female reproductive organ of humans
• provides mechanical protection, nutritional support,and waste removal for the developing embryo
Vas deferens
• perm duct is a thin tube approximately 17inches long that starts from the epididymis to the
Oviducts• or fallopian tubes are two tubes leading from theovaries of female mammals into the uterus.
 
 pelvic cavity
• where the ovum would be released and have the possibility to be fertilizedTestes
• also known as the testicles, are the anatomicallymale gonads, the organs that produce sperm cellsThe • produces hormones, including testosterone,which stimulates the production of sperm cellsand facilitates male maturation
Ovaries• responsible for the production of the ova and thesecretion of hormonesAccessory glands• provide fluids that lubricate the duct systemand nourish the sperm cells (seminal vesicles,the prostate gland, and the bulbourethralglands [Cowper glands]).Reproductive tract• be used for various transluminal procedures suchas fertiloscopy, intrauterine insemination andtransluminal sterilization.
The external components include the mons pubis, pudendal cleft, labia majora, labia minora, Bartholin'sglands, and clitoris.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM:Your respiratory system is made up of the organs in your body that help you to breathe.The goal of  breathing is to deliver oxygen to the body and to take away carbon dioxide.
Tracheafilters the air we breathe and branches into the bronchiBronchi
two air tubes that branch off of the trachea and carry air directly into thelungs
Diaphragm• provides larger space beneath the lungs, making it store more air and as weexhale, also flattensLungssupply oxygen to blood and receives carbon dioxide from blood to be exhaledBronchiole
• small branches of each of the bronchi in the lungs that lead to the alveoli
Alveoli
• site where the exchange of gases actually occur SKELETAL SYSTEM:The skeletal system (bones and joints), working interdependently with the skeletal muscle system(voluntary or striated muscles), provides basic functions that are essential to life: Protection: protects the brain and internal organs, Support: maintains upright posture and Blood cell formation: hematopoiesis.
Long Bonesprovide support and serve as the interconnected set of levers and linkagesthat allow us to create movementShort Bones
• allow movement, provide elasticity, flexibility, & shock absorption.
Flat Bonesprotect and provide attachment sites for musclesIrregular Bonessupport weight, dissipate loads, protect the spinal cord, contribute tomovement and provide sites for muscle attachment
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