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4. New System to Beat the Heat.pdf

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41 GLOBAL OILS & FATS BUSINESS MAGAZINE ã VOL.1 ISSUE 4,2004 he unprecedent ed ri se i n temperature, unusual animal behavi our, and i ncreased severity and occurrence of flooding are all worrying signs of climate change. It is caused by massive release of greenhouse gases (GHG) worldwide, resulting in imbalance in heat and carbon cycles. On Dec 11, 1997, the United Nations- led Kyoto Protocol – a framework on climate change – came into being. The treaty seeks acti on
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  41 GLOBAL OILS & FATS BUSINESS MAGAZINE   ã  VOL.1 ISSUE 4, 2004   he unprecedented rise intemperature, unusual animalbehaviour, and increasedseverity and occurrence of flooding are allworrying signs of climate change. It iscaused by massive release of greenhousegases (GHG) worldwide, resulting inimbalance in heat and carbon cycles.On Dec 11, 1997, the United Nations-led Kyoto Protocol – a framework onclimate change – came into being. Thetreaty seeks action by industrialisedcountries to reduce six key GHG (CO2,CH4) from 2010.However, it will only come into force whenratified by countries responsible for 55%of rich nations’ GHG emissions. This nowstands at 44% and Russia’s 17% will tipthe balance. In November, the lower andupper houses of the Russian parliamentendorsed the agreement, now awaitingPrime Minister Vladimir Putin’s signature.It is envisaged that the Protocol will beenforced by early 2005 despite the refusalof the US to be a signatory, when it is theworld’s worst polluter in relation to GHGemission.Malaysia signed the Protocol in 1999 andratified it in 2002, even though it isclassified as a non-Annex 1 member. Sincethen, the government has put in placepolicies to minimise GHG emission.Members in non-Annex 1 category do nothave to pursue limitation or reduction of emission of GHG individually or jointlywith a view of reducing their overallemissions by at least 5% below 1990 level,as polluting nations have to.  The use of green technology to compost oil palm waste couldreduce greenhouse gases that cause global warming T New System   to Beat the Heat   Green Technology 41 GLOBAL OILS & FATS BUSINESS MAGAZINE   ã  VOL.1 ISSUE 4, 2004 4388 oils iss4 pg25-48.pdf1/8/05, 2:44 AM41  42 GLOBAL OILS & FATS BUSINESS MAGAZINE   ã  VOL.1 ISSUE 4, 2004   New composting system The pro-active engagement is similarlyreflected in Malaysia’s palm oil industry,which has instituted Good AgriculturalPractices such as the zero-burn techniqueas a standard method in replanting oilpalm. Other producer countries are nowadopting this method, which eliminatesgaseous and particulate emissions duringthe burning of biomass.Other practices such as leguminouscreeping covers, terrace preparation for soilconservation, non-tillage approach duringplanting and replanting, and integrated Chipping to enhance decomposing of oil palm in zero burning technique of replanting  pest management augur well for theenvironment and sustainability of palm oilproduction.Green technology, developed by Malaysiancompany Asia Green Environmental SdnBhd, is solving the problem of biogas(comprising 1/3 CO2 and 2/3 CH4)emission from the existing palm oil milleffluent ponding treatment system.The cost effective mill integrated wastemanagement solution (MIWAMAS)composting system converts liquid palmoil mill effluent and solid waste (emptyfruit bunches) into a valuable organicfertiliser. This reduces the need for aponding system and thus the generationof methane under anaerobic conditions.It is estimated that a 30 tonne/hour palmoil mill processing an annual throughputof 150,000 tonnes of fresh fruit bunchescould generate 1.5 million cubic metresof methane from the conventionalponding system. There are 385 mills inMalaysia and many more in othercountries.MIWAMAS helps reduce GHG (in theform of biogas) and eliminates thedischarge of treated waste water into watercourses. It captures the nutrient value fromboth solid and liquid wastes, reducing thebulk of the former and driving off themoisture in the latter via the naturalprocess of aerobic decomposition. Thesystem may eventually become an integralpart of any palm oil mill.Under the Kyoto Protocol there is aprovision for industrialised countries tofulfill their commitment of GHGreduction by buying carbon credit indeveloping and underdeveloped countriesthrough the Clean DevelopmentMechanism (CDM) projects.The MIWAMAS system would qualify asa CDM project that the Malaysiangovernment could certify, thus providingmonetary incentive for faster adoption bypalm oil millers.This positive contribution by the industrywill further add to the area of carbonsequestration, a vital component in theequation of global warming.Teo LengEPA Management Sdn Bhd Green Technology 42 GLOBAL OILS & FATS BUSINESS MAGAZINE   ã  VOL.1 ISSUE 4, 2004 Deer are excellent natural weeders Barn owls help control the rodent population in estates  Photo: United Plantations  4388 oils iss4 pg25-48.pdf1/8/05, 2:44 AM42
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