Psychology

A STUDY OF PSYCHODYNAMICS AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT OF LANDON CARTER IN NICHOLAS SPARKS' A WALK TO REMEMBER

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  A STUDY OF PSYCHODYNAMICS AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT OF LANDON CARTER IN NICHOLAS SPARKS’  A WALK TO REMEMBER Eva Cornelia Indah Wati Utomo 1 , Lilis Lestari Wilujeng, S.S, M.Hum 2   1 Universitas Ma Chung, evalia08@gmail.com  2 Universitas Ma Chung, lilis.lestari@machung.ac.id  ABSTRACT This research is a psychoanalytic criticism of the novel  A Walk to Remember  by Nicholas Sparks. The objectives of this study are, first, to know how psychodynamics can affect the main character’s personality at the beginning of the novel; and second, to know how  personality development can influence the main character’s personality at the end of the novel. The study design of this study is descriptive qualitative method. This study analyzes the main character’s characterization, personality, personality develo  pment and factors affecting  personality development, psychodynamics, and the report of the resulting analysis descriptively. The primary source of this study is taken from the e-book novel  A Walk to  Remember   by Nicholas Sparks published by Warner Books in 1999. In conclusion, the researcher found all the psychodynamics and personality development of the main character and proved them with adding the evidence from the text of the novel, explained the idea, and relate the evidence with the theory of psychodynamics and personality development. Key Words : psychodynamics, personality development, characterization, psychoanalysis INTRODUCTION Literature is something related to human’s life and they cannot be separated. People tend to enjoy literary works because literary works have a special purpose to entertain and to give aesthetic pleasure. By reading literature, we can discover ourselves and our world, knowing that art and imagination is the part of human’s life as a manifestation with language as a medium to convey and has a positive effect on human life. Literature has a beauty value and usually gives a good impression to the readers. Literature itself has three main branches; they are prose, drama, and poetry. Literary work is a result of a human being thinking which tells about life dealing with feeling, ideas and   problem (Wellek and Warren, 1956). Among those three branches, the prose is the easier genre to be analyzed because in every line we can catch the detail information about every important thing appears in prose. A kind of prose is called a novel. In this study, the writer chooses novel as the object of the study. According to Sumardjo (1998), novel is a story with the prose form in long shape, this long shape means the story including the complex plot, many character and various setting. It is a kind of literary works presenting many kinds of view and value and giving some fun and sadness for everyone who reads. By reading novel, the reader may find the psychology of the characters. Furthermore, Anjarwati (cited in Khoiriyah, 2012) states that novel may have characters, some of whom may even come in contacts with others. It depends largely on the ability of the novelist to get the reader to accept what he or she says. Here, the writer believes that it will take some understanding of human psychology to create believable characters. The writer also believes that the characterization in the novel also portrays the characteristic in human’s life. In this study, the writer chooses to analyze novel  A Walk to Remember  by Nicholas Sparks (1999). This novel is very interesting to be analyzed because this novel portrays the real life in the society including family and friends. This novel also portrays about how actually someone can be a better person during his or her life through some events in this life. The emphasis of this analysis is about the main character who is Landon Carter and also about all of his psychodynamics and personality development. T here are some reasons why the writer chooses to analyze Landon Carter’s  psychodynamics and personality development. The first reason is simply because Landon Carter is the main character in the novel which makes him more exposed rather than any other chara cters in the novel. The second reason is because of the writer’s curiosity while reading this novel about Landon Carter’s personality, what makes a rich boy from a rich family being a bad boy at the beginning of the novel. The writer has a curiosity about his family background and childhood experience which can make him being a bad boy at the beginning of the novel. Furthermore, Landon Carter’s personality also change to be a better person at the end of the novel. What makes the writer want to analyze is wh at makes Landon Carter’s personality change and being a better person at the end of the novel. The aim of this study is to know how psychodynamics affects Landon Carter’s  personality at the beginning of the novel and how personality development influences Landon Carter’s personality at the end of the novel.      RESEARCH METHOD This study is intended to know and understand the psychodynamics and personality development of the main character (Landon Carter) in the novel  A Walk to Remember. The writer will use descriptive qualitative method, in which the writer will analyze the main character’s characterization, personality, personality development and factors affecting  personality development, psychodynamics, up to the report of the resulting analysis descriptively. In gathering the data needed, there are some steps the writer have been going through. Firstly, the writer read all chapters of the novel and reread the novel again per chapter so she would not miss any important information regarding the story. Secondly. the writer also listed the theme, setting, plot, or dialogues related to psychoanalysis and personality development and sort according to the psychoanalysis terms or types and personality development. ANALYSIS Psychodynamics Aff  ecting Landon Carter’s Personality at the Beginning of the Novel The writer divides the analysis into two parts: the first is that psychodynamics affecting Landon Carter’s personality at the beginning of the novel and personality development influences La ndon Carter’s personality at the end of the novel.   Psychodynamics affecting Landon Carter’s personality at the beginning of the novel. In this part, the writer will discuss psychodynamics that can be found and affects Landon Carter’s personality in the novel by exposing the main character’s personality at the beginning of the novel using characterization and stating the influence factors. The writer will also insert some evidence by quoting some parts of the novel. The writer will follow the theory of  psychodynamics by Freud and The Eight Stages of Man by Erik Erikson as guidance. Psychodynamics is the key element to analyze the causes of human’s behavior. Freud (McLeod, 2007) stated that human’s behavior and feelings are truly affected by unconscious moti ves, past experiences, and childhood experiences. Freud believes that human’s behavior and feeling also can be affected by surroundings or environment and it called social influence. Furthermore, Erik Erikson (McLeod, 2018) also believes that personality also develops in a  predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. Landon Carter’s Personality at the Beginning of the Novel    1.   Naughty and Immature At the beginning of the novel, Landon Carter is very naughty and disrespectful. This can be seen by looking at the characterization of Landon Carter which can be found in the following quotation. 2.   Rebellious Landon Carter is also described as a rebel at the beginning of the novel which can be found in the following quotation. 3.   Lazy Student Landon Carter is a lazy student at the beginning of the novel. He signed up in drama class because it is the easiest class that does not include paper and test. He also does not really focus on his study.  4.   Playboy Landon Carter, at the beginning of the novel, is a playboy and used to be dating some girls at school. 5.   Overthinking about People’s Thought Landon Carter always cares and overthink about what the other people say or think about him which makes him sometimes do things just because of what the others would say and prestige. 6.   Insecure Despite all of his personality which is rebel, lazy, and Playboy. Landon Carter is less confident and insecure. 7.   Lackluster Landon Carter, only have a little idea of what he wants to do in his life and unsure about his future. This is because all he did is following his father’s will. His father always controls him and his father is also the one who wants him to run for student body president. Psychodynamics Found in Landon Carter’s  Personality at the Beginning of the Novel According to Freud (McLeod, 2007), psychodynamics means that human’s behavior and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives and human’s behav ior and feelings as an adult are rooted in their childhood experiences. The theory The Eight Stages of  Man  by Erik Erikson (McLeod, 2018) also take part in the psychodynamics that finally affects a human's personality. In this subchapter, the writer will explain the childhood experiences that affect Landon Carter’s personality at the beginning of the novel usi ng the theory of  psychodynamics and The Eight Stages of Man . Landon Carter, at the beginning of the novel, is described as a naughty, lazy and immature boy. He is also described as a rebel, playboy, and always overthinks about what the other might say about him. Though he is a very bad boy at the beginning of the novel, it is actually powerfully affected by his childhood experiences. His father -Worth Carter is actually the main reason why Landon Carter grow up and  being a bad boy at the beginning of the novel. His father is not a family man; he is not taking any part in Landon Carter’s growth even though he is the richest man in town. Furthermore,
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