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AC Acid and Base Review

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AC Acid and Base Review Arnoldi Chemistry Acids and Bases One Chapter 16
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  ArnoldiAccelerated ChemistryAcids and BasesReview 1. Define each of the following.a. Electrolytesb. Arrhenius Acidc. Arrhenius Based. Bronsted Acide. Bronsted Basef. weak acid / baseg. strong acid / baseh. conjugate acidi. conjugate base j. amphoteric2. Acids begin with __________________. Bases end in ___________________.3. List the five acid and the five base properties.4. All neutralization reactions occur between a(n) ____________ and a(n) ____________.5. If you have a strong acid, it (completely / partially) ionizes, the arrow(s) will be ______ or ______, the Ka will be (low / high), and the conjugate base will be (weak/strong).  6. If you have a weak base, it (completely/partially) dissociates, the arrow(s) will be _____ or _____, the Kb will be (low / high), and the conjugate acid will be (weak / strong).7. Write the dissolving equation for each of the following. Are they ionized or dissociated?a. HF in waterb. Carbonic Acid in waterc. NH 4 OH in waterd. Tin (II) Hydroxide in water9. Identify the following items in the equation below: (Use N/A if needed).HF +H 2 O<-=> H 3 O + + F - a. Traditional Acid _____g. Stronger Acid_____ b. Traditional Base _____h. Weaker Base_____ c. Bronsted Acid_____i. Favored Direction_____ d. Bronsted Base_____j. Acid with Lower Ka_____ e. Conjugate Acid_____k. Base with Higher Kb_____ f. Conjugate Base_____ 10. Convert each of the following formulas to names:  a. H 2 CO 3 b. KOHc. Mn(OH) 2 d. Sn(OH) 4 e. HClO 3 f. HFO 2 g. HIh. HIO11. Convert each of the following names to formulas.a. Hydrobromic Acidb. Magnesium Hydroxidec. Perchloric Acidd. Cobalt (II) Hydroxidee. Iodic Acidf. Phosphoric Acidg. Nitrous Acidh. Sulfuric Acid12. What is the general neutralization reaction?13. Write the conjugate base for each of the following:  a. HBrb. HSO 4- c. HPO 3-2 d. HNO 2 14. Write the conjugate acid for each of the following:a. F - b. H 2 PO 4-2 c. H 2 Od. NO 3-1 15. Show how HSO 3- , the bisulfite ion, is amphoteric.16. Use the following reactions to answer the questions below.RXN 1:HBr + H 2 O  H 3 O + + Br - RXN 2: HSO 4-1 + H 2 O <-=> H 3 O + + HSO 4- RXN 3:H 2 SO 4 + H 2 O  H 3 O + + SO 4-2 a. Which conjugate bases are stronger than the srcinal bases?b. Identify the amphoteric compound(s).c. Using your text, which is the strongest acid? Which is the weakest?d. Which acids ionize completely?17. Refer to Table 16-7 to answer the following questions.
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