Authorship of Samuel PowerPoint

PowerPoint on authorship Of Samuel from a doctoral seminar on 1 & 2 Samuel.
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  Authorship Arguments: “The books of Samuel were anonymously written.” The Babylonian Talmud attributes authorship of the book (singular) of Samuel, along with Judges, to Samuel” (David M. Howard, Jr.,  An Introduction To The Old Testament Historical Books , 142).   * Traditional Argument: Samuel is author.  *Problem with this view. Samuel’s death is recorded in 1 Sam. 25:1. Few scholars today accept this traditional view.  *Apparently Samuel did write about David’s life in a work known as “the records of Samuel the seer” (1 Chron. 29:29), “but to what extent this work coincided with the canonical books of Samuel is impossible to know.”  *Nathan & Gad also wrote records: “Records of Nathan the Prophet” and “Records of Gad the seer” (1 Chron. 29:29).  Archer suggests that whoever we argue is the author, we must consider or ask ourselves the question, when was the book written? He also states, “Judging from internal evidences, the books of Samuel could hardly have been written prior to the death of Solomon.” The end of 2 Samuel implies the death of David (  A Survey of OT Intro., 290). Suggests a date between 930-722 B.C. (290).   “The authorship and date of the earlier source thought by many critics to underlie 1 and 2 Samuel was a matter of considerable speculation at the end of the nineteenth century. In preference to the claim of Seraiahthe scribe (2 Sam. 8:17), Klostermannsuggested that the real authors was Ahimaaz, the son of Zadok, who may have had some knowledge of the events connected with the Ark. On the other hand, Duhmproposed Abiatharas the likely candidate for authorship, owing to his close connections with David throughout his lifetime, a theory that was received with enthusiasm by Sellin ” (R.K. Harrison, Intro to the OT, 699-670). Harrison continues, “Although it is doubtless entirely correct to think in terms of contemporary or near-contemporary authorship, the identity of the compiler or compilers must remain unknown” (700).  “The date of general compilation is also uncertain, but it may be that the anonymous author or authors wrote Samuel with the aid of certain literary sources and cycles of tradition somewhat after the founding of the northern kingdom, perhaps about 920 or 900 B.C.)” (709).   “The two books of Samuel, which srcinally constituted a single work, are named after the first of several key figures described within the books … Again, we are dealing with an anonymous work; despite an ancient tradition attributing authorship to Samuel, the events described within the book extend well past the time of his death. Nevertheless, the chronological scope of I-II Samuel is more restricted within the book is approximately 1050- 960 B.C.” (Peter C. Cragie, The Old Testament: Its Background, Growth, & Content, 134).   We know that the compiler of 1 & 2 Samuel is unknown, but Norman Geislergives the following possibilities about the time period he lived and the sources he used:  #1 –“The books may have been completed only after Solomon’s death (931 B.C.), since there is a reference to the divided monarchy in which Judah is separate from Israel (I Sam. 7:26).”  #2 –“Since the narration of Samuel ends with the death of David, it can be assumed that the srcinal written record comes from some time after 971 B.C.”  #3 –“The books seem to have been written before the captivity of the northern kingdom by the Assyrians (722 B.C.), since there is not reference to this important event.”  #4 – Samuel the prophet died before David began reigning (1011 B.C.) in I Samuel 25:1). Hence, he could not be the author of the rest of I Samuel or any part of part II Samuel.”  #5 –“Samuel founded a school of prophets over which he was head (I Sam. 19:20). Samuel himself wrote a book about the “acts of King David” as did the prophets Nathan and Gad (1 Chron. 29:29). No doubt the prophet who compiled I and II Samuel used these prophetic histories in compiling his books” (Norman Geisler,  A Popular Survey Of The Old Testament , 107).
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