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BANDURA Social Cognitive Career Theory

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  ! $%&'() *%+,'-'./ *(0//0 12/%03 4,-0%56&-%03 7/.'/8 ! #$$%& (&) * +,#)%) -. /().( 01 2+3() ! #$  4( %% 56%+ . (&) 7 (8$#8%9  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   /(:$(3) A/(( !*:5 ( >M;>F= #5)+#$( (2.(+),3+*(/ ,34 /(-68(66*+,+9 7(-*(6/ 7#)' . (4*+) *3)( (/)/ AI(3)= LM>OF; K3)( (/)/ A)#:()'( 0*)' /(-68(66*+,+9 7(-*(6/ ,34 #5)+#$( (2.(+),3+*(/F . (4*+) :#,-/= 0'*+' *3 )5 3 -(,4 )# 7(',1*# / (-,)(4 )# +'##/*3:  ,34 . ,+)*+*3: ,+)*1*)*(/= 0'*+' )'(3 -(,4 )# .( 6# $,3+( ,)),*3$(3)/; !# (2,$.-(= , 9#53: $,3 $,9 ',1( 4(1(-#.(4 ,3 *3)( (/) *3 .-,9*3: )'( 4 5$/ 7,/(4 #3 '*/ /(-68(66*+,+9 7(-*(6/ )',) '( */ +#$.()(3) ,/ , 4 5$ .-,9( ; <( ,-/# (2.(+)/ .#/*)*1( #5)+#$(/ #5) #6 .-,9*3: )'( 4 5$/= /5+' ,/ /#+*,- *3)( ,+)*#3 0*)' 6 *(34/ # (3T#9*3: )'( $5/*+= ,/ 0(-- ,/ 1( 7,- (*36# +($(3) 6 #$ '*/ 6,$*-9; <( )'(3 */ . (4*+)(4 )# *3)(34 )# +#3)*35( )# .-,9 )'( 4 5$/ ,34 .( ',./ )# 6# $ , :#,- )# T#*3 , 7,34; &'*/ -(,4/ )# '*/ *3+ (,/(4 +'#*+( )# . ,+)*+( )'( 4 5$/ ,34 (1(3)5,--9 )# '*/ /B*-- 4(1(-#.$(3) *3 4 5$ .-,9*3:; 88888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888 !*:5 ( >M;>Z [ (4*+)*3: K3)( (/) \(1(-#.$(3) *3 P#+*,- ]#:3*)*1( ], (( &'(# 9 88888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888 I(3) () ,-; ALMMM= LMMLN LM>OF ,-/# . #.#/( )',) 7,+B: #534 ,34 +#3)(2)5,- 1, *,7-(/= )( $(4 8+&$%D$3(E (FF+ )(&8%<?  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elf-EfficacySources ofSelf-Efficacyand OutcomeExpectationsOutcomeExpectationsInterestIntentions/ Goals forActivityInvolvementActivitySelectionand PracticePerformanceAttainments(e.g., goalfulfillment, skilldevelopment) Figure 10.1  Predicting Interest Development in Social Cognitive Career Theory SOURCE: Lent, Brown, and Hackett (1994). 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`+J'* )( = >??QN P0,3/#3= \,3*(-/= C &#B, = >??RF; 888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888 !*:5 ( >M;LZ [ (4*+)*3: a#+,)*#3,- ]'#*+( *3 P#+*,- ]#:3*)*1( ], (( &'(# 9 888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888  BackgroundContextual AffordancesContextual InfluencesProximal to Choice BehaviorInterests ChoiceGoalsChoiceActionsPerformanceDomains andAttainmentOutcomeExpectations6983 4 5101112217– Predispositions– Gender– Race/Ethnicity– Disability/Health Status Person Inputs     m    o     d    e    r    a     t    e    s    m    o     d    e    r    a     t    e    s   LearningExperiencesSelf-Efficacy Figure 10.2  Predicting Vocational Choice in Social Cognitive Career Theory SOURCE: Lent, Brown, and Hackett (1994).
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