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Bioethics and the Legitimation/Regulation of the Imagined Future

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This article critically examines speculative bioethics—bioethical discourse focused on possible future technologies. It traces the origin and development of this phenomenon against the backdrop of larger changes in bioethics discourse. Drawing on
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  2 Bioethics and the legitimation/ regulation of the imagined future Ari Schik Introduction Specultv bioethics and human enhancemet Alhgh bc  pal gnzd rd appld   bdc (pcpall ach c, clcal c ad h  ad gvc f b cg), v c  ld bcm ablhd  h U Sa gl 50 a ag  hs cldd a pcav d daw  clgcal u. Iall clav bc w d  pcc chlgca pbl ch a atcal hd f pd, ha clg nd gc gg Hwv v  ps w dcad a y bc f ha ac hs gd, lg pcv dc ha g ac a va f  clgcal pbl h a phaacca h-ach ga, gc gg ad va pbl bd d  hadg f acl 1 Ha hac ha w bc a p pc f bc dc cv   pbl u clg b al a lc f xg  lg ad pacc ch a dg ha cn pv d  b pnc  cv  phcal  Ev  cgcal ag a r al  hw h dc  d o h  cc nd v o addg ha c  a a h xd wll   pbl u l  h da a h p cn b dd a a pld  u  wch r  pwul hnc clg wll x 2   c n chlg hav bc avalabl h cn gcal xd hn capal  d ehaval dc  wa  a cag h a f  lap ac dvd' ddg  dp cb ci f h cal wd   dc f h kd f bl cg -chaczd a dv  noav ad rkd  gh v f b chcal a cal c a -ha  ha  d b h  f   pclav b   al dc f bc va cag p  ca F bc  a  a ng v a a dv  f p  , pcc nd aa  q n ho g gl ab Imagined Futures in Science, Technology and Society .Gert Verschraegen, Frédéric Vandermoere, Luc Braeckmans,Barbara Segaert (eds.) London;New York: Routledge, 2017.  16 A. Schick bioethcs ioduces ts own probms This chapter addresses an aspct of 'pbc biothics in ch issus at the ntersecton of socia valus, govanc and publc polcy are dscussed. Second, although a nocab poion of the itrare on human nhancement s now tten outside th eld of bohcs  proper (seen 3), because much of it is n daogu wth xistng bioehcs iter-aure, I nclude it uder the labe of speculave biohcs Quetoning peculative biethic Sinc these u tchnoogs may vasty rshpe the self and the world as w  know it some so of proactive ethca nteenon aps wanted spe-ciay if th altetv s o aow biotechnoogy to progress ithout the bent of thica resiht. As rasonabl as his seems, the logic of the specuave biohics ntrpis s unclear Who estaishes th content of these tus and by wha mehod? Is the nent to provid thca guidanc r the dvopmnt of  tchnoogs or o gove how they are used once they arive Wha hpns hen  link ethica quesons rgarding xstng technologs to possibl e  technoogcal deveopments? Wha can bohcs conibute to an aeadycroded arena of ex tchnoogcal gang? Alhough not a of thes  pos c  addressd hr n detal, thy motivate the prsnt dscussion Dspite th salience of such questios, among he vard practices, inst- tons and dscourses that constitut boehics tody, spculave bohcs may  be the least explcitly analysed havng ben mostly ovrookd  a dscret asct of the bohics ecosystem both by socia scinss who have sdid, critqud and (on can hope) promotd reaer rxivi wihin bocs and by those hicists who hav en alr to issues of purpose d mthodooy withn thir ed. 3 Alhough there e scred crtqus of sculatve boethcs om witn, systematc discussons hav mosy ben lacng. 4 Simary there is litle outside biohcs that direcy addrsss hy hs appled eld so oen delves ino hghy spcative tres or seeks to evaluat th consequences of explorng these knds of technoogcal imagnaries 5 A and tucture f the chapte This chapte examns specutive bothics by integraing a crical ppctiv rootd thin biohcs, togehr wth nsights om scnce d tchnology stdes (STS) he rmer bulds on boehcs o adition of reecton on its hsto y , goals and methods as a publicy ngagd and ltiaty practcal rm of public scorse the later atends to how th producon of tchnoscence is intrwined wh shared tchnologcal xpecions and cultual imaginaes that ar contestd and giimad via varios expe and ay discourss and wthn aspects of popua culte his scholship s essntial to a crcal exainion of scuativ biohics, r t aows us to site bioehical discussions conced wth tecnoogcal tures among vaou other ovrlapping discorses  that are smly otvated and srctd by mrgng tchnoscenc and Bioethis and he mgined ure 17 hch may in  at ho agency s congured across a rng of domans (Bro Rat and Webstr, 2000; Nordn 2010) The proach I ta is pacuary inomed by wor  xplores ho xpcons r e technoscientic devomn cap publc attntion, hp to marsh suppot r scienic resarh d enable coordinaon beteen dvrs sets of actrs but  comuncated usng vaying evels of cr depending on th context (Bou e al., 26; Bro and Mchael 2003) I aso da on rcent STS literau tha h begu to exame he broar signcance of shared technologcay mand s (socotechca iainies) wthin contm societes as boh encodng vso of th social good d mdia-in colectv agncy (Jano nd m, 201 6 Sothncal agaes shoud hrer  of as much conc to ehcists as socal scntsts d hstorians. In wa los I st bri ace the development of scatve bithics n rlon to diernt mode of biohcs dscse highightg the y changs tha hae ken ple over he past thee dcades I then oer  ayss of he cent stae of scuaiv dsco and argue th e dot di-sve mode of engagemnt her tmed antcpa ethcs is pobemac nd of dubios vaue. Fny, I gue ha bioehics engagmnt w $cv us can be jused  consctv n ho y  but woud need to combn esouces areay und wt biothcs h othes that it has yt to dveop The model of sculatv bioethcs I or s beer auned  the updicbi of scintic pross d snsitve to the na and ncton of sociotchncal imines. A critical overview of specultive bioethics Techn imagina and the etabshmet f biethic Th 1960s and 1970s th priod in hch bioethics coalscd o a ecoabl ed  the Uted Ss wee rfe w suaion d xity rgardng  the unpcented dees of conol over human reproduction and hre tt mgt  achieved thugh the aidy advancing lds of emb y ology and gentcs 7 Ahough visio scientists d othr inllcul elites had been discussing n eest he possibits of n v riitio arcal wombs clong an dectg han voluon sinc th 1920s (McL 2012; Sqer 1994; TroshSmuln 2012) the nw molcu genecs as seen as hag  the tn to bng these vsions to iion much soonr thn had ver been xctd onscientit incuing socologists and hstorins (Ezion 1973; Goodeld, 1977) pl witer (Rosnld 1969; Toer, 1970) and eligous hcists (Fltchr 1974; mse, 1970a) soon joind ths ny urent convrton. Thse regious hicists did not te soley n a spculv vn but conibutd o a range of applied hcal issues  bomedicne th woud com  to den bioeh uh as end of life car human sut sarch and organ nspto ( 170b 
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