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Ed661 cognitive psychology and chomskyan linguistics

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1. Cognitive Psychology vs. Chomskyan Linguistics Lwin Gugin ED661 - TESOL Theory and Instructional Development. SOE.UOG. September 27, 2013. 2. What is Cognitive…
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  • 1. Cognitive Psychology vs. Chomskyan Linguistics Lwin Gugin ED661 - TESOL Theory and Instructional Development. SOE.UOG. September 27, 2013.
  • 2. What is Cognitive Psychology? • It is the scientific study of mind and mental function, including learning, memory, attention, perception, reasoning, language, conceptual development, and decision making. • The modern study of cognition rests on the premise that the brain can be understood as a complex computing system (Rutgers. School of Arts and Science)
  • 3. Cognitive Psychology (continued) • Fundamentally, cognitive psychology studies how people acquire and apply knowledge or information. • It is closely related to the highly interdisciplinary cognitive science and influenced by artificial intelligence, computer science, philosophy, anthropology, linguistics, biology, physics, and neuroscience. Lu, Z-L., & Dosher, B. A. (2007).
  • 4. Cognitive Psychology and Chomskyan Linguistics • 1950s - The Cognitive Revolution began • Researchers in several fields, including Noam Chomsky (1959) began to develop theories of mind based on complex representations and computational procedures • In the 1960s, Chomsky talked about the relationships between transformational grammar and experimental psychology, one of the three approaches of Cognitive Psychology.
  • 5. Learning and language processing, sub-domains of Cognitive Psychology • Cognitive psychologists study which new information is acquired and the conditions under which it is acquired. • Psycholinguistics focuses on language acquisition, language comprehension, language production, and the psychology of reading • Linguistic approaches focus on the formal structures of languages and language use (Chomsky, 1965). Lu, Z-L., & Dosher, B. A. ((2007).
  • 6. Language, Linguistics and Chomsky Chomsky (1928 – •Is a philosopher, linguist, and political scientist. •Received his Ph. D in 1955 from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and joined the staff of the MIT in the same year. •“Chomsky is, without a doubt, the greatest linguist ever,” (Rondal,1994). •Chomsky has been described as the "father of modern linguistics" (Graff and van Urk, 2012).
  • 7. Motherese and Language Acquisition: Chomsky’s Perspectives • “Motherese” is the implication of the fact that children acquire language because of the highly simplified language system presented to them. • Children commonly pick up the language from their peers who are not particularly organizing the data for them • Chomsky has stated that “language grows in the mind in the way other biological systems grow. • Children are presented with a certain range of data and their minds develop a rich and complex system of knowledge. (Chomsky, 1994, Interview with Rondal)
  • 8. Chomsky’s Nativist Theory • Language Acquisition is innately determined • Chomsky in 1965 proposed that all people have an innate biological ability to acquire a language • He theorized that people possess a Language Acquisition Device • LAD enables children to understand and make utterances that they have not previously heard. • Chomsky suggests that, if the correct input is provided, the LAD predisposes all people to the second language acquisition in the same manner.
  • 9. L2 Theory and Instruction with underpinning of Chomsky’s LAD Based on the LAD, Steven Krashen developed his monitor theory with the following hypotheses: – The Input Hypothesis (1977) – Natural Order Hypothesis (1981) – The Affective Filter Hypothesis(1982) and – The Acquisition vs. Learning Hypothesis (1985). Escamilla & Grassi (2000).
  • 10. Summing Up Cognitive Psychology Nativist Theory of L2 Acquisit- ion Psycho- linguistics
  • 11. References • Escamilla, K., & Grassi, E. (2000). A Brief Description of Second Language Acquisition. The Professional Development Resource Series, “Second Language Acquisition.” BUENO Center, University of Colorado, Boulder. Retrieved from http://www.wce.wwu.edu/Resources/CIRCLE/Articles/SLA%20Escamilla%2 BGrassi.pdf • Graff, P., & van Urk, C. (Eds.). (2012). Chomsky’s Linguistics: Special edition collected works of Noam Chomsky. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics. ISBN-10: 0615567126, ISBN-13: 978-0615567129. Retrieved from http://mitwpl.mit.edu/catalog/chomsky. • Lu, Z-L., & Dosher, B. A. (2007). Cognitive Psychology. Scholarpedia, 2(8):2769. Retrieved from http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Cognitive_psychology • Rondal, J. A. (1994). Pieces of Minds in Psycholinguistics: Steven Pinker, Kenneth Wexler, and Noam Chomsky. A Series of Interviews conducted by Jean A. Rondal. International Journal Of Psychology, 29(1), 85. • Rutgers. (2013). Program Overview. Cognitive Psychology. School of Arts and Science. Retrieved from http://psych.rutgers.edu/menu-iv/co.
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