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NamingCmpdsHandoutKey.pdf

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  CHEMISTRY Naming Compounds Handout Key v 1-3page 1 of 7 Naming Compounds Handout Key p. 2 Name each of the following monatomic cations: Li +  = lithium ion Cd +2  = cadmium ion  Ag + = silver ion Cu +2  = copper (II) ion  Al +3  = aluminum ion Mg +2  = magnesium ion Mn +2  = manganese (II) ion Sn +4  = tin (IV) ion H +  = hydrogen ion Co +3  = cobalt (III) ion Fe +3  = iron (III) ion Na +  = sodium ion K +  = potassium ion Ti +4  = titanium (IV) ion Ca +2  = calcium ion Ni +2  = nickel (II) ion p. 3 Name each of the following monatomic anions:F  –   = fluoride ion Cl  –   = chloride ion Br   –   = bromide ion S  –2  = sulfide ion I  –   = iodide ion P  –3  = phosphide ion  CHEMISTRY Naming Compounds Handout Key v 1-3page 2 of 7 p. 4 Name each of the following polyatomic ions:CN  –   = cyanide ion CrO 4 –2  = chromate ion SO 4 –2  = sulfate ion NO 3 –   = nitrate ion OH  –   = hydroxide ion PO 4 –3  = phosphate ion NH 4+  = ammonium ion C 2 H 3 O 2 –   = acetate ion Combine each pair of ions to get the formula of the compound they form:NH 4+  + F  –    !   NH 4 F Li +  + CN  –    !   LiCN Sr  +2  + CO 3 –2   !   SrCO 3  Al +3  + PO 4 –3   !   AlPO 4 Na +  + C 2 H 3 O 2 –    !   NaC 2 H 3 O 2 K +  + OH  –    !   KOH Ni +2  + CrO 4 –2   !   NiCrO 4 Fe +3  + N  –3   !   FeN Cd +2  + SO 4 –2   !   CdSO 4 Co +3  + P  –3   !   CoP p. 5 Combine each pair of ions to get the formula of the compound they form:  Cu +  O  –2  Sn +4  SO 4 –2  K +  P  –3 Cu 2 O Sn(SO 4 ) 2 K 3 P Li +  CO 3 –2  Fe +3  S  –2  Ni +2  PO 4 –3 Li 2 CO 3  Fe 2 S 3 Ni 3 (PO 4 ) 2  CHEMISTRY Naming Compounds Handout Key v 1-3page 3 of 7 p. 6 Combine each pair of ions to get the chemical formula, then name the compound:Individual ionsCompound Formula Compound Name Mg +2  F  –   _____MgF 2  ____________magnesium fluoride_____Ni +2  S  –2   NiS nickel (II) sulfide Ca +2  Br   –    CaBr 2 calcium bromide  Al +3  P  –3   AlP aluminum phosphide Co +2  NO 2 –    Co(NO 2 ) 2 cobalt (II) nitrite K +  CrO 4 –2   K 2 CrO 4 potassium chromate Fe +3  O  –2   Fe 2 O 3 iron (III) oxide  CHEMISTRY Naming Compounds Handout Key v 1-3page 4 of 7 p. 8 Give the name for each compound given its chemical formula: FormulaIndividual IonsName of Compound MgCl 2Mg +2  Cl  –  magnesium chloride LiOH Li +  OH – lithium hydroxide ZnCO 3 Zn 2+  CO 32– zinc carbonate K 2 S K +  S 2– potassium sulfide FePO 4 Fe 3+  PO 43– iron (III) phosphate SnO 2 Sn 4+  O 2– tin (IV) oxide CuBr  2 Cu 2+  Br – copper (II) bromide  Ag 3 N Ag +  N 3– silver nitride Mn(CN) 2 Mn 2+  CN – manganese (II) cyanide  AgC 2 H 3 O 2 Ag +   C 2 H 3 O 2 – silver acetate

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