R. Klingbeil, 2013: Where Do We Go Now? Opportunities and Challenges for Water and Science Cooperation in MENA.

Klingbeil, R., 2013. Where Do We Go Now? Opportunities and Challenges for Water and Science Cooperation in MENA. Presentation at the 4. Water Research Horizon Conference (WRHC), Berlin, Germany, 25-26 Jun 2013.
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  • 1. Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 June 2013Ralf KlingbeilRegional Advisor Environment & Water
  • 2. Outline• UN ESCWA – areas of work• Water – challenge for a sustainable future in MENA– Regional water scarcity – but every country is different– Transboundary water and cooperation– Water, food, agriculture– Water and climate change– Groundwater resource management and protection– (Wastewater and desalination)• Potential areas for water and science 226 June 2013
  • 3. 26 June 2013 3UN ESCWA
  • 4. Sustainable Development andProductivity Division26 June 2013 4ImplementationApproachRegional ConveningPower forIntergovernmentalMechanismsInforming RegionalProcesses forGlobal Negotiationsand National ActionPartnershipsProductiveSectors SectionGreen EconomyFood SecuritySustainableDevelopmentGoalsEnergySectionEnergyEfficiencyRenewableEnergyEnergySecurityWaterResourcesSectionShared WaterResourcesClimate ChangeAdaptationMDGsIntegrated WaterResourcesManagementSupport to Intergovernmental MechanismsESCWA Committees (Water Resources / Energy); LAS Councils: CAMRE (JCEDAR), AMWC, AMCE
  • 5. MENA - Water - Challenges26 June 2013 5GovernanceDemographicsFoodWater& Land(Energy)
  • 6. Sources of Water and Use26 June 2013 6ICBA, Barghouti, 2009
  • 7. 7TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013
  • 8. 8TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013Saq-Ram AquiferSystem (West)A total of 23 shared aquifer systemsand 6 shared river basins wereidentified.9 chapters on shared surface watersand 17 chapters on shared aquifersystems, each following astandardized structure andmethodology.624 pages of detailed informationwith 60 new maps and over 200figures, tables and boxes.
  • 9. Agricultural Water Usee.g. Wadi Al-Sirhan, Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 9199120002012
  • 10. Irrigated Agriculture in Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 10Accumulated 30 year groundwater abstraction, 1975 - 2004 perRegion for Saudi Arabia (WaterWatch, 2006)
  • 11. Food Supply Chains:Losses of Food – and 1126 June 2013Gustavsson et al., 2011Production Volumes per Commodity Group (million tonnes)
  • 12. Syria’s Ongoing 1226 June, 2009. Syria’sdrought-affected provincesas of 3 Aug 2009• Ongoing Droughtsince at least2008• Inability to“make a living”• Internaldisplacements• Additional stresson resources andsociety in urbanareas
  • 13. Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future? 1326 June 2013• Demographics• Drought and water scarcity• Water shortages• Crop failure• Natural resource mismanagement• Climate change• Internal displacement• Rural disaffection• Political unrest• ...adapted from CCS, CAP, Stimpson, 2013
  • 14. Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future? 1426 June 2013Evans, J.P., 2009.21st CenturyClimate Change in theMiddle East.Change inLength ofDry Season
  • 15. Climate Change and Water: RICCAR
  • 16. Climate Change and Water: RICCARAwareness Raising & Information DisseminationClimate ChangeImpact AssessmentClimate ChangeVulnerability AssessmentBaseline Review & Knowledge ManagementCapacity Building & Institutional Strengtheningfor Water Ministries, Meteorological Offices, Arab Research Centers
  • 17. RICCAR: Implementing 1726 June 2013
  • 18. Resources Management and 1826 June 2013partly from Margane, BGR, 2013
  • 19. Resources Management and 1926 June 2013• Tectonic setting• Geological mapping• Tracer tests• Stable isotopesMargane, BGR, 2013
  • 20. Manage the (Groundwater) Storage -Managed Aquifer Recharge26 June 2013 20UNESCO, 2005
  • 21. 2126 June 20131. Improve knowledge of food imports vs. local food production,efficiency of agricultural supply chains, imbedded agricultural(virtual) water flows and its impact on socio-economicdevelopment2. Assist and contribute to capacity development for(ground)water resources management and protection frompollution, manage the aquifer storage, science policydialogues, science based decision making3. Research for new methods for wastewater treatment,assessing (quality) limits for applications of reuse of treatedsewage effluent and marginal waters in agriculture, … inindustries, … in housing4. Investigate environmentally sound desalination, uses forbrines and combination with renewable energy use5. Finding new approaches to water governance and enablingenvironments for change, cap. dev. for governmentinstitutions and staff in adaptive water management,participative processes, taking people’s concern serious
  • 22. Some Questions 2226 June 2013• Water governance in times of state fragmentation andtransition to new overall governance structures?• Peoples’ aspirations for participation, accountability andtransparency:Can it lead to better governance of water & naturalresources?• Socially-just and economically-sound developmentwithout additional burden for environment?
  • 23. Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 June 2013Ralf KlingbeilRegional Advisor Environment & Water
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