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Salinan Terjemahan PEMBAHASAN.docx

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   INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND Thetumorisalumpcausedbythegrowthofthecellswithlimitedgrowthandoval, whichistoolargetumorisdifficulttodeterminetheexactlocationofthetumor(Oswari, 2007). BasedondatafrommedicalinIndonesiain2009patientstumoradalah45.7%of2010  patientswithtumorswas46.5%,in2011patientswithtumorswas48.9%.Ingeneral, abdominaltumorsalmostdidnotleaveacomplaintifitisstillearly,evenlesscomplaints havenotyetbeenincurredevenifthetumorispalpabletelahdapat.Thismaybeduetothe natureoftheabdominalcavitythatisloose,sothatwhenthereisamassinit,itcangetquite large tumbuhn without disturbing the surrounding organs (Oswari, 2007). Thesymptomscausedbythetumorsuchaslethargy,weakness,bodymorelean, excessivesweating,fever,pallorandpaininthestomach,needs,deservesattentioneven thoughsymptomssuchastheabovecanbefoundalsoonavarietyofchronicinfectious diseasesarestillalotfoundinIndonesia.Usuallyatumorintheabdomencanbeseenafter  thestomachseemedtobulgeandhardorwhenthechildisbathed.Ifanyknowntumorinthe abdomen,thenperformedaphysicalexaminationcarefullyandgentlytoavoidexcessive trauma to facilitate the rupture or tumor metastasis. B. OBJECTIVES 1.   General Purpose   Students are able to provide nursing care in patients with abdominal tumors. 2. Specific Objectives   a.   Knowing the definition of abdominal tumors.    b.   Knowing the etiology of abdominal tumors.   c.   Knowing the pathophysiology of abdominal tumors.   d.   Knowing the clinical manifestations of abdominal tumors.   1  e.   Knowing the diagnostic examination abdominal tumors. f. Knowing the medical management of abdominal tumors. g. Knowing complications of abdominal tumors.  2  CHAPTER II DISCUSSION A. Definition   tumorsare:alumpcausedbythegrowthofcellswithlimitedgrowthandoval.(E. Oswari, 2000)   Tumor is: a dense mass of a large, high and larger than 2 cm. (Carwin, Elizabeth.J. 2000)   AbdominalTumor:asolidmasswithdifferentthickness,whichiscausedbythebody's cellsaretransformedandautonomicgrowoutofcontrolgrowthofnormalcells,sothese cells differ from normal cells in form and structure. (http /// tumor abdomen.html) B. Etiology Causeofthetumorduetotheoccurrenceofcelldivisionabnormal.Pembedaantumor  cellsdependingonthemagnitudeofthedeviationinformandfunctionaotonomnyain growth, its ability to conduct infiltration and cause metastasis.   There are several factors that can cause tumors, among others:   1.   Carcinogens   2.   Hormone   3.   Lifestyle, excess nutrients, especially fat and habit of eating less fibrous.   4.   Parasites: The parasites schistososma hematobin resulting planoseluler carcinoma.   5.   Genetic   6.   Infection, trauma, hypersensitivity to drugs. 3  C. Pathophysiology Tumorisadiseaseprocessthatbeginswhenabnormalcellschangedbymutationsganetic ofcellularDNA,theabnormalcellstoformanabnormalcolonicandberpopliferasisecar, ignoring signals to regulate growth in the environment surrounding the cells.    NeoplasticcellsmandapatenergymainlyfromanaerobicbecauseABILITYcellsto oxidationisreduced,despitehavingcompleteenzymetooksidasi.Susunanuniformcell enzymethatprefersabreedthatrequiresenergytofunctionunrukanabolismthanthat lmenghasilkan energy by way of catabolism.   Jarinagangrowingneedingredientstoformprotioplasmaandenergy,amongotheramino acids.Neoplasticcellscanoverpowerthenormalcellspreformanceobtainthesematerials. (Kusuma, Budi drg. 2001).   Whenitreachedastage-wherecellsacquirecharacteristicsoftheinvasion,andchangesin thesurroundingtissue.Thesecellsinfiltratethesurroundingtissueandgainingaccessto lymphaticsandbloodvessels,throughbloodvesselscellscancarryoverintootherareasof  the body to form metastases (tumor spread) on the part of the body.   Althoughthediseasecanbedescribedinumumnasithasbeenused,butthetumorisnota singlediseasewithasinglecause:butrathertoagroupofdiseaseswhichclearlydenagn causes, metastases, treatment and prognosis are different. (Smelstzer, Suzanne C.2001).   D. CLINICAL 1.   Hyperplasia   2.   Consistency is generally solid tumors or hard   3.   Epitaltumorusuallycontainslittleconnectivetissueandifitcomesfrommasenkim which contains connective tissue it will be elastic spongy or soft.   4.   Some looked hipervaskulari surrounding the tumor.   5.   Common shrinkage dam retracted.   6.   Edema surrounding the tumor caused the lymph kepembuluh infiltration.   7.   Pain   8.   Anorexia, nausea, vomiting.   9.   Weight loss E. DIAGNOSTIC 4

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Sep 22, 2019
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