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Sons of Allah and Al-Quran

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   Modern Colony Kot-Lakhpat Lahore, Pakistan E-Mail: :,   URL:  Office:  +92-42-5943704  Cell  +92-300-4179633   (1) TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword Chapter No: 1 Children of Allah and Paganism Chapter No: 2 Sons of Allah and the Jews Chapter No: 3 Sons of Allah and heretical Arabia Congregations Chapter No: 4 The Wife of Allah Chapter No: 5 Mary and Divinity Chapter No: 6 Tauheed (Oneness of God) and the Jews Chapter No: 7 Sons in the Old and New Testaments Chapter No: 8 Tauheed (Oneness of God) and Christianity Chapter No: 9 The Sons of God and Christianity Chapter No: 10 Islam and the word “SON” Chapter No: 11 Muslim Scholars and the Concept of the Son of God Chapter No: 12 Muslim Poets and the Concept of the Son of God Chapter No: 13 The Gospel and the Son of God  (2) Foreword C hristians have a strong belief that Jesus is the Son of God (Allah) which offends our Muslim brothers. According to their teaching having such a belief about God makes someone a non-believer (infidel). It creates misunderstanding hatred and confrontation  between the believers of different religions. We would like to clarify misperceptions in order to promote peace, harmony and brotherhood among different communities and religions. A misconception floated by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani    (1835-1908),  founder of the Ahmadiya Religious Movement, is as follows: “Jesus and Isa are different persons. Since the word Jesus is not in the Quran, it is, therefore, justified if people curse him because this man was not the Isa mentioned in Quran.” (Enjam-e-Atham page 8)  We are very thankful to the Almighty God that He led Rev. Maulana Haji Sultan Mohammad Paul   to clear up this misunderstanding by writing a book named “Jesus and Isa”. He writes that “the Hebrew name “Yuhoosha”   which means the Liberator is “Yushua”   in Greek and “Isa”   in Arabic and translated in English is “Jesus”. I often use the words Sayadna Isa Al-Masih   for Jesus Christ and some people may be disturbed by this. I, therefore, would like to clarify the srcinal meaning of the words “Isa”   and “Jesus”. Muslim Commentator Alama Khazan   writes, “The word Isa came from Yehoshu’a (Joshua)” (Tafseer Khazan Vol. 3 page 496) . Qazi Baidhawi  , who wrote a well-known commentary on the Holy Quran writes “Isa   is the Arabic translation of “Ishu”  . He  probably meant the Syrian word “Yeshu”.   (Anwar al Tanzil Vol.1 page 96).   Qazi Baidhawi   said, “Isa   is the Arabic form of the Hebrew “Yesu’a”   Joshua. (Tafseer Bezavee Vol.2 page 9) . Rev. Sultan Muhammad Paul   said, “In my opinion the people of Arabia faced difficulties to pronounce the word “Yeshua”.  Whenever the Muslim historians wrote “Yeshua”   they added the letter “e” before and wrote “Eyeshua”   but after some time the Arabic linguists changed this word from “Yeshua”   to “Eesho”.  With the passage of time the word “Eesho”   changed into “Isa”    (Christianity in Arabia page 263)  The word “Jesus” comes from the Hebrew word “HO-SH-U-A”   or “YEHO-SHUA ” which means “Salvation”. In the 5 th  century BC the name YESHOSHUA  was shortened to YESHUA.  The name YESHUA  was shortened twice in the 1   st  century, first to Y’SHUA and again to Y’SHU  . This was probably due to Greek influence. The Hebrew letter Y’-Sh-YU-A  were translated to Koine Greek which produced the name “JESOUS”.  This is pronounced “EE-AY-SOOS”.  Jesus himself used the Aramaic language in which the word “Jesus” was srcinally pronounced “EE-EHO”   or “EE-SA”   which are very close to the Arabic “EASA”   or “ISA”  . This word means “God saves.” Christian scholars unanimously believe that Isa means “redeemer” used by Christian Pastors and congregations in Arabia; later this Arabic name was used 25 times in the Holy Quran. That is the reason why every Muslim uses the name “Isa” for Jesus. Last but not the lease, I would like to draw your attention the face=t that both the Holy Bible and Holy Quran claim that God has no physical sons or daughters, therefore, the question is still there “Why do the Christians call Jesus, “the Son of God”. I have written this book in order to answer this question, promote peace, love, interfaith tolerance and acceptance.  (3) Chapter No: 1 B efore Islam the people in Arabia were living in ignorance. They worshiped various idols and offered them sacrifices; but at the same time they also worshipped the ONE GOD. They asked idols for divine help to their problems. There were 360 idols in Khana Ka’aba (the sacred place in Mecca  , Saudi Arabia, where Muslims perform the pilgrimage every year which is called “Hajj”.  Every tribe had its own idol. Arabs also had a ritual to make an idol of the person they respected. They believed that they pleased the idols by making sacrifices to them and this resulted in blessings for them. There were numerous idols but the followings were considered to be the post powerful: ALLAT:  The tribe of Qurayesh  , as well as all the Arabs, wanted to venerate Allat. They also used to name their children after her, calling hem Zayed-Allat and Taym Allat. Allat which was unshaped while stone and people usually thought that Allah lived in it. It was worshiped in a place called Sqeef  , Taif.  In olden times a temple called Zohra   was erected for this stone and people walked around it for pilgrimage and priests were appointed for this service. Arabs had high esteem for this particular idol. That was the reason it was called Um-ul-laeh  , which means the “mother of gods”. The place where Allat was worshiped was called “Allat-Salhada”   and “Allat-Habran”.  Allat was the most popular idol among worshipers and a number of names were derived from Allat such as, Hab-u- Allat,   Teem-u-Allat   and Raed-u-Allat etc. MANAH : The most ancient of all these idols was Manah. The Arabs used to name their children as Abd-Manah   and Zayed-Manah  . Manah was erected on the seashore in the vicinity of Al-Mushallal   in Qudayd  between Madinah   and Mecca.  All Arabs including the Aws   and the Khazraj   as well as the inhabitants of Madinah,   Mecca   and their vicinities used to venerate Manah   and offer her their sacrifices and offerings. AL-UZZA : The tribe of Qurayesh   wished to name their children as Abd-al-Uzza.  Furthermore al-Uzza   was the greatest idol among this tribe. People traveled a long way to offer her gifts and seek her favors through sacrifices. Ibn Hazm   tells about the location these idols as follows: Al-Uzza   was an idol of people who lived in Ghutfam;   Allat was an idol of Sqeef located in Taif;    Munat   was the idol of Khuzraj   situated near Fadak. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan  , a renowned Muslim leader and religious scholar of the sub-continent writes: “ Manah   was a huge idol fixed on a well dug by Abraham which was on the right side of Khana Ka’aba  . Umro bin Lahi   brought it from an island called Arze and Abu Sufyan  begged her help in the battle of Uhad. Before Islam the people of Arabia thought that all three idols were physical sons and daughters of Allah. That was reason that Quran rejected this doctrine and said, “And they assign daughter for Allah ” (An-Nahl 16:57).  “Has then your Lord (O, Pagans) preferred for you sons and taken for Himself daughters from the angels? Truly ye utter a most dreadful saying! (Al-Israel 17:40)  
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