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Test bank for organizational behavior 10th edition by kreitner

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TEST BANK FOR ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR 10TH EDITION BY KREITNERLink download full: https://digitalcontentmarket.org/download/test-bank-fororganizational-behavior-10th-edition-by-kreitner Chapter 02: Managing Diversity: Releasing Every Employee's Potential True / False Questions 1. Diversity represents the multitude of individual differences that make people different from and similar to each other. True False 2. Diversity encompasses both differences and similarities. True False 3. Diversity is an issue of age, race, and gender. True False 4. Affirmative action is the same as managing diversity. True False5. Personality is the central layer of diversity and represents a stable set of characteristics responsible for a person's identity. True False 6. Internal dimensions of diversity are more likely than external dimensions to be under our control. True False 7. Educational background represents an internal dimension of diversity. True False 8. Sexual orientation represents an external dimension of diversity. True False 9. External dimensions of diversity contain an element of control or choice. True False 10.Work location represents an organizational dimension of diversity. True False 11.Employment laws require organizations to reasonably accommodate employees' sincerely held religious practices even if doing so would impose an undue hardship on the employer. True False12.Flexible scheduling and job reassignments are examples of reasonable accommodation. True False 13.Affirmative action is an outgrowth of equal employment opportunity legislation. True False 14.Although affirmative action created tremendous opportunities for women and minorities, it does not foster the type of thinking that is needed to effectively manage diversity. True False 15.Discrimination occurs when employment decisions about an individual are due to reasons not associated with performance or are not related to the job. True False 16.Affirmative action programs typically impose quotas on employers. True False 17.Affirmative action plans are viewed more positively by people who are conservatives and Republicans. True False 18.Affirmative action plans are not supported by people who possess racist or sexist attitudes. True False19.The goal of affirmative action programs is to enable people to perform up to their maximum potential. True False 20.Women hired under affirmative action programs exhibit higher performance when they believe they are hired due to their competence. True False 21.Managing diversity enables people to perform up to their maximum potential through changing an organization's culture and infrastructure. True False 22.The primary reason for managing diversity is the ability to grow and maintain a business in an increasingly competitive marketplace. True False 23.Organizations can use diversity as a strategic advantage if employees fail to contribute their full talents, abilities, motivation, and commitment. True False 24.Workforce demographics are statistical profiles of the characteristics and composition of the adult working population. True False25.The term glass ceiling was used to represent an absolute barrier or solid roadblock that prevented religious minorities from advancing to higher-level positions. True False 26.The phenomenon of glass ceiling resulted in women finding themselves in lower-level jobs. True False 27.The phenomenon of glass ceiling resulted in women finding themselves in jobs with more visibility, power, and influence. True False 28.Minorities experience more pyschological support than whites. True False 29.College graduates are typically lacking in terms of teamwork skills, critical thinking, and analytic reasoning. True False 30.Millennials account for the largest block of employees in the workforce. True False 31.Many Millennials are being managed by Boomers who possess very similar sets of personal traits. True False32.Gen Xers are patriotic, loyal, disciplined, and have respect for authority. True False 33.Millennials are entitled, civic minded, and have close parental involvement. True False 34.As well-educated workers begin to look for jobs commensurate with their qualifications and expectations, absenteeism and turnover likely will increase. True False 35.Simple work assignments should be provided in order to keep older workers engaged and committed to working. True False 36.Equal access to training and learning opportunities when it comes to new technology will help to keep older workers engaged and committed to working. True False 37.Social categorization theory implies that similarity leads to liking and attraction, thereby fostering a host of positive outcomes. True False38.Social categorization theory predicts that heterogeneity is better than homogeneity in terms of affecting work-related attitudes, behaviors, and performance. True False 39.According to information/decision-making theory, diverse groups are more likely to possess a broader range of task-relevant knowledge, skills, abilities, opinions, and perspectives than less diverse groups. True False 40.Diverse groups are expected to do a better job in later phases of problem solving. True False 41.Diversity can enhance the number of contacts a group or work unit has at its disposal. True False 42.According to information/decision-making theory, homogeneous groups make better quality decisions than more heterogeneous groups. True False 43.Fault lines form when work-group members possess varying demographic characteristics. True False44.Ethnocentrism represents the feeling that one's cultural rules and norms are superior or more appropriate than the rules and norms of another culture. True False 45.An overabundance of political savvy on the part of diverse employees is one barrier to implementing successful diversity programs. True False 46.Diversity climate is a subcomponent of an organization's overall climate. True False 47.Sexual harassment is an example of hostile work environments. True False 48.R Roosevelt Thomas Jr includes the category "deny" in his generic action options. True False 49.Differences are encouraged when using R Roosevelt Thomas Jr's suppression approach. True False 50.R Roosevelt Thomas Jr's isolation approach maintains the current way of doing things by setting the diverse person off to the side. True False51.Differences are highly valued when an organization uses R Roosevelt Thomas Jr's toleration approach. True FalseMultiple Choice Questions52.Which of the following statements is true about diversity?A. It is synonymous with similarities among different groups of people. B. It synonymous with affirmative action. C. It represents the multitude of individual differences and similarities that exist among people. D. It is an issue of age, race, or gender. E. It is an issue of being Catholic, Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, or Buddhist.53.Which of the following is an example of reasonable accommodation of sincerely held religious beliefs?A. Children in the workplace and mandatory child care B. Regular 20 hour work weeks C. Quotas on promotions D. Flexible scheduling E. Technical training for all senior executives 54. is the core layer of diversity.A. Work location B. Seniority C. Race D. Religion E. Personality55.Which of the following is an example of an external dimension of diversity?A. Income B. Gender C. Physical ability D. Race E. Ethnicity 56. is an example of an internal dimension of diversity.A. Income level B. Religious belief C. Sexual orientation D. Marital status E. Educational background57. is an example of an external dimension of diversity.A. Sexual orientation B. Ethnicity C. Age D. Personal habit E. Race 58. is an example of an internal dimension of diversity.A. Race B. Management status C. Parental status D. Income level E. Religion59.Marital status is an example of a(n) dimension of diversity.A. core B. surface-level C. organizational D. internal E. external 60. is an example of an organizational dimension of diversity.A. Marital status B. Physical appearance C. Seniority D. Sexual orientation E. Gender61.Joey is a 36-year-old white male who works as a teacher in the Pacific Northwest. He has 2 years seniority at his current organization. He is an introvert in social settings and he recently got divorced. His favorite hobbies include professional wrestling and wine tasting. Which of these characteristics represents an internal dimension of diversity?A. Being 36 B. Loving wrestling C. Living in the Pacific Northwest D. Being divorced E. Having 2 years on the job 62.Sven is a 51-year-old white male who works as a manager in the marketing department of a small organization in Sweden. He has 12 years seniority at his current organization. He is relatively outgoing in social settings and is married. His favorite hobbies include boxing and cooking. Which of these characteristics represents an organizational dimension of diversity?A. Being 51 B. Loving boxing C. Living in Sweden D. Being married E. Having 12 years seniority63. is an artificial intervention aimed at giving management a chance to correct an imbalance, an injustice, a mistake, and/or outright discrimination.A. Ethnocentrism B. Managing diversity C. Cross-cultural training D. Job redesign E. Affirmative action 64.Which of the following is true about an affirmative action?A. It legitimizes quotas. B. It is viewed more positively by people who are liberals and Democrats than conservatives and Republicans. C. It requires companies to hire unqualified people. D. It fosters the type of thinking that is needed to effectively manage diversity. E. It is a natural intervention aimed at giving management a chance to correct an imbalance.65.Affirmative action programs:A. can only be imposed by the CEOs of the concerned companies. B. impose quotas on employers. C. require companies to hire unqualified people. D. are the outgrowths of equal employment opportunity (EEO) legislation. E. areembraced by white males in the workforce. 66.Which of the following statements affirmative action is true?A. It imposes quotas on employers. B. It legitimizes quotas. C. It is not supported by people who possess racist or sexist attitudes. D. It fosters the type of thinking that is needed to effectively manage diversity. E. It is a natural intervention.67.Affirmative action programs often have effects on the job satisfaction of women and minority employees who supposedly benefited from them.A. negative B. minimal C. positive D. beneficial E. proactive 68.Women and minorities hired on the basis of affirmative action were found to experience .A. more stress B. greater job satisfaction C. greater organizational commitment D. greater career satisfaction E. more competencies69.Paris was recently hired for a managerial position in a large high-tech firm. The organization has an active affirmative action program, and Paris thinks that the fact that she is female might have influenced the hiring decision. Paris is likely to experience compared to employees selected solely on the basis of merit.A. less stress B. greater job satisfaction C. greater organizational commitment D. greater career satisfaction E. negative stigmatization 70. involves creating organizational changes that enable all people to perform up to their maximum potential.A. Affirmative action B. Core dimension of diversity C. Managing diversity D. Valuing diversity E. Workforce demographics71.The primary reason for managing diversity is to:A. conform to legal requirements. B. to correct an imbalance, an injustice, a mistake, or outright discrimination that occurred in the past. C. treat everyone morally and ethically. D. achieve positive social identity. E. to be able to grow and maintain a successful business in an increasingly competitive marketplace. 72. are statistical profiles of the characteristics and composition of the adult working population.A. High-performance work practices B. Task performances C. Marketing strategies D. Workforce demographics E. Deep-level diversities73. refers to an invisible barrier blocking women and minorities from top management positions.A. Affirmative action B. Glass ceiling C. EEO regulations D. Revolving door E. Restricted step 74.The term glass ceiling was used to represent a solid roadblock that prevented women from:A. gaining employment. B. working with people within organizations. C. getting basic civil liberties. D. working with other women on a daily basis. E. advancing to higher-level positions.75.Which of the following is a result of having glass ceilings?A. Women find themselves in lower-level jobs. B. Women find themselves in jobs that have profit-and-loss responsibility. C. Women tend to have more visibility in their jobs. D. Women tend to have higher power in their organizations. E. Women tend to be more influential in their organizations. 76.Sally had been working in a financial company for five years. She executed her duties sincerely and was extremely competent in her job. However, she was not given the opportunity to advance to higher-level positions. Which of the following was Sally facing?A. Affirmative action B. EEO regulations C. Glass ceiling D. Revolving door E. Invisible step77.Ruth had a job in a marketing firm, that did not have any profit-lossresponsibility and that had poor visibility, power, and influence. This implies that Ruth was experiencing the difficulties of a(n) .A. affirmative action B. EEO regulations C. revolving door D. glass ceiling E. invisible step 78.Which of the following statements racial groups is true?A. Minorities tend to earn less personal income than whites. B. Asians have the lowest median income. C. Minorities experience more psychological support than whites. D. Minorities experience less perceived discrimination. E. Minorities do not suffer subordination.79.Which of the following would reduce a mismatch between educational attainment and occupational requirements?A. Hire college graduates who are poor at critical thinking but highly competent technically. B. Apply self-managerial techniques in the organization. C. Hire high-school graduates working in entry-level positions. D. Hire college graduates with critical thinking and analytic reasoning. E. Adopt a system of decentralization in the organization. 80.Which of the following would reduce a mismatch between educational attainment and occupational requirements?A. Spend less money on employee training. B. Use phased retirement programs that encourage unskilled employees to work beyond retirement age. C. Outsource technical work to other countries with a highly skilled population. D. Hire fewer immigrants to fill entry-level positions. E. Adopt a system of decentralization in the organization.81.Which of the following is true with respect to educational attainment and occupational requirements?A. The need for on-the-job remedial training is decreasing in America. B. Underemployment is expected to decrease in the future. C. A surplus of qualified entry-level workers is expected in America. D. American companies are more likely to hire more immigrants to fill entry-level positions. E. Underemployment should lead to a decrease in absenteeism. 82.Which of the following groups of people have traits such as workaholism, idealism, and work ethics?A. Traditionalists B. Baby boomers C. Gen Xers D. Millennials E. Gen Ys83. are said to be entitled, civic minded, and have close parental involvement.A. Traditionalists B. Baby boomers C. Gen Xers D. Gen 2020 members E. Millennials 84.Which of the following would be an effect of growing mismatches between the amount of education needed to perform current jobs and the amount of education possessed by members of the workforce?A. An increase in work motivation among college graduates B. An excessive number of people with teamwork skills C. A decrease in absenteeism and turnover among well-educated workers D. A shortage of qualified people in technical fields E. Elimination of the need for job redesign85.Which of the following initiatives should be taken to manage age-related diversity?A. Encourage employees to participate in skills-based volunteering projects B. Conduct on-the-job remedial skills training C. Provide frequent recognition for skills and wisdom gained over the years D. Hold literacy training sessions E. Provide simple work assignments 86.According to the , the similarity found in homogeneous groups leads to liking and attraction among group members, thereby leading to numerous positive organizational outcomes.A. social categorization theory B. Attraction-Selection-Attrition theory C. hierarchy of needs theory D. organizational socialization theory E. information/decision-making theory87.According to the social categorization theory:A. female employees face the glass ceiling to a greater extent than minority employees. B. minority employees face the glass ceiling to a greater extent than female employees. C. homogeneous work groups will outperform heterogeneous work groups. D. heterogeneous work groups will outperform homogeneous work groups. E. organizations should manage gender-related diversity in order to attract qualified women. 88.According to the information/decision-making theory:A. female employees face the glass ceiling to a greater extent than do minority employees. B. minority employees face the glass ceiling to a greater extent than do female employees. C. homogeneous work groups will outperform heterogeneous work groups. D. heterogeneous work groups will outperform homogeneous work groups. E. gender and racial diversity lead to negative outcomes.89.Which of the following proposes that diverse work groups lead to better task relevant processes and decision making?A. Social categorization theory B. Workforce demographics C. Maslow's hierarchy of needs D. Organizational socialization theory E. Information/Decision-making theory 90.Which of the following is highlighted by the information/decision-making theory?A. Diverse groups are expected to do a better job in later phases of problem solving. B. Diverse perspectives help to uncover novel alternatives during problemsolving activities. C. Brainstorming is not successful when there are diverse perspectives. D. Diverse groups generate a less comprehensive view of a problem. E. Homogeneity enhances the number of contacts a group or work unit has at its disposal.91.A(n) is defined as "hypothetical dividing lines that may split a group into subgroups based on one or more attributes."A. glass ceiling B. diversity climate C. demographic fault line D. diverse perspective E. labyrinth scheme 92. is the feeling that one's cultural rules and norms are superior or more appropriate than the rules and norms of another culture.A. Ethnicity B. Ethnography C. Ego D. Ethnocentrism E. Egotism93.Which of the following barriers manifests itself in the belief that differences are viewed as weaknesses?A. Inaccurate stereotypes and prejudice B. Ethnocentrism C. Poor career planning D. Negative diversity climate E. Lack of political savvy on the part of diverse employees 94. is a barrier to implementing successful diversity programs that particularly affects women.A. Fear of reverse discrimination B. Lack of political savvy C. Poor career planning D. Resistance to change E. Difficulty in balancing career and family issues95.Which of the following responses identified by R Roosevelt Thomas Jr is an outgrowth of affirmative action programs?A. Suppress B. Include/Exclude C. Tolerate D. Convert E. Educate 96.Which of the following responses was identified by R Roosevelt Thomas Jr for handling any diversity issue?A. Suppress B. Accept C. Tolerate D. Convert E. Educate97.The basic premise behind is that all diverse people will learn to fit in or become like the dominant group.A. toleration B. denial C. suppression D. assimilation E. isolation 98.Differences are squelched or discouraged when using the approach of .A. suppression B. den
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