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verb yang diikuti invinitive

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  Verb yang Diikuti oleh Infinitive   Beberapa kata kerja ( verb ) yang berbeda diikuti atau dapat diikuti oleh kata kerja kedua dalam bentuk infinitive. Semua kata kerja yang tertera dalam halaman ini diikuti oleh to-infinitive  saat infinitive  digunakan. Kata kerja yang ditandai dengan bintang juga dapat diikuti oleh that-clause , seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam contoh berikut. Kata kerja yang ditandai dengan dua bintang hanya dapat diikuti oleh  that-clause  saat subjek dari kata kerja utama adalah it  . Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh infinitive afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope* learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed promise*  propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem** strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer vow* Contoh    I hope to see  you next week.    I hope that  I'll see you next week.    He claimed to be  an expert.    He claimed that  she was an expert.    I managed to reach  the top of the hill.    Would you care to swim ? Contoh    It appeared that  no-one had locked the door.    He appeared to be  lost.    It seems that  she is running late.    She seems to be  running late. Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh kata benda + infinitive accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command* defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order* persuade*  press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  Contoh    The professor challenged his students to argue  with his theory.    This law empowers the government to charge  higher taxes.    You can't force me to do  something I don't agree with.    I invited the new student to have dinner with me.    What inspired you to write  this poem? Kata kerja tanpa kata benda sebelum that-clause Saat kata-kata kerja tertentu diikuti oleh that-clause , tidak ada kata benda sebelum that-clause  meskipun ada kata benda sebelum infinitive . Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require, dan  trust  . Contoh    I trust you to tell  the truth.    I trust that  you are telling the truth.    The general commanded his men to surrender .    The general commanded that  his men surrender. Kata kerja dengan kata benda sebelum that-clause Kata-kata kerja lain, saat diikuti oleh that-clause  membutuhkan kata benda sebelum that-clause , sama seperti sebelum infinitive . Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja  persuade dan  remind  . Contoh    You can't persuade people to buy  small cars.    You can't persuade people that  small cars are better.    He reminded me to take  my notebook to school.    He reminded me that  I would need my notebook. Kata kerja dengan kata benda opsional sebelum that-clause Kelompok kata kerja terakhir ini, saat diikuti oleh that-clause , dapat menggunakan kata  benda opsional sebelum that-clause . Hal ini terjadi saat kita menggunakan kata kerja instruct, teach, dan  warn . Contoh    She taught her students to appreciate  poetry.    She taught her students that  poetry was valuable.    She taught that  poetry was valuable.  Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh infinitive atau kata benda + infinitive ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect* help mean* (=intend) request* want wish* Contoh    I asked him to show  me the book.    I asked to see  the book.    She  helped me to put  away the dishes.    She helped to put  away the dishes.    We expect you to do  your best in the exam.    We expect to do  well on our exams.    Do you want to go  to the beach?    Do you want me to go  with you to the beach? Menggunakan 'to dare' Dalam kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan, infinitive  dengan atau tanpa to  dapat digunakan selama subjek dari kedua kata kerja sama (meskipun biasanya kita menghilangkan to ). Jika subjek dari kedua kata kerja berbeda, Anda harus menggunakan to . Contoh    I never dared tell  him what happened.    Do you dare tell  him?    Would you dare (to) jump  out of a plane?    I dare you to tell  him the truth.    She dared me to jump  off the wall.  Berikut ini adalah Materi Grammar yang Sering Diujikan dalam Tes  TOEFL  1.   Main Verb Semua kalimat dalam bahasa inggris harus memiliki  main verb (kata kerja utama) dan subjek. Contoh : A: An advance country with an indicator of high rate of productivity (SALAH) B: An Advance country has an indicator of high rate of high rate of productivity (BENAR) Jawaban A  : Salah, karena tidak memiliki Main Verb, kalimat tersebut hanyalah satu frasa yang artinya : Satu Negara Maju Dengan Satu Indikator dari Tingkat Produktifitas yang tinggi Jawaban B : Benar, Main Verb nya adalah Has (Memiliki), arti kalimat : Satu Negara Maju Memiliki Satu Indikator dari Tingkat Produktifitas yang tinggi 2.   Infinitive Infinitive adalah kata kerja (Verb) yang bila diikuti verb lain memerlukan bentuk infinitive sebagai pelengkapnya,kata-kata kerja tersebut diantaranya yaitu : Want Beg Mean Propose Allow Intend Urge Require Decide   Tell/teach  Hope Invite Ask Expect Support Advice Need Struktur dari Verb diatas : Verb + To + V 1 Contoh Kalimat : I Want To Say That I Love You 3.   Gerund (-ing Form) Kata-kata kerja (verb) yang bila di ikuti oleh verb lain, verb yang mengikuti haruslah  berbentuk V-ing. Kata-kata kerja tersebut diantaranya : Finish Fancy forgive Mind Admait   Appreciate Denay Delay Detest Resist Risk Concider Continue Keep Enjoy Excuse Postpone Practise Pardon Prevent Undertand .Aviod Anticipate Avoid Neglect

MENCHA (STS).docx

Sep 22, 2019

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Sep 22, 2019
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