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vimbook-OPL.pdf

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  The Tutorial 1 Basic Editing 2 Editing a Little Faster  3 Searching 4 Text Blocks and Multiple Files 5 Windows 6 Basic Visual Mode 7 Commands for Programmers 8 Basic Abbreviations, Keyboard Mapping, and Initialization Files 9 Basic Command-Mode Commands 10 Basic GUI Usage 11 Dealing with Text Files 12 Automatic Completion 13 Autocommands 14 File Recovery and Command-Line Arguments 15 Miscellaneous Commands 16 Cookbook  17 Topics Not Covered  Basic Editing T HE V   IM EDITOR IS ONE OF THE MOST  powerful text editors around. It is alsoextremely efficient, enabling the user to edit files with a minimum of keystrokes.This power and functionality comes at a cost, however:When getting started, users face asteep learning curve.This chapter teaches you the basic set of 10 Vim commands you need to get startedediting. In this chapter, you learn the following: n The four basic movement commands n How to insert and delete text n How to get help (very important) n Exiting the editor After you get these commands down pat, you can learn the more advanced editingcommands. Before You Start If you have not installed Vim , you need to read Appendix A, “Installing Vim ,” andinstall the editor.  4 Chapter 1 Basic Editing If you are running on UNIX, execute the following command: $ touch ~/.vimrc By creating a ~/.vimrc , you tell Vim that you want to use it in Vim mode. If this fi le is not present, Vim runs in Vi -compatibility mode and you lose access to many of theadvanced Vim features. However, you can enable the advanced features from within Vim at any time with this command: :set nocompatible<Enter> .If you are running on Microsoft Windows, the installation process creates theMicrosoft Windows version of this file,  _vimrc , for you. Running Vim for the First Time To start Vim , enter this command: $ gvim file.txt  Note that the $ is the default UNIX command prompt.Your prompt might differ.If you are running Microsoft Windows, open an MS-DOS prompt window andenter this command: C:> gvim file.txt (Again, your prompt may differ.)In either case, Vim starts editing a file called file.txt . Because this is a new fi le, you get a blank window. Figure 1.1 shows what your screen will look like.The tilde (~) lines indicate lines not in the file. In other words, when Vim runs outof file to display, it displays tilde lines. At the bottom of a screen, a message line indi-cates the file is named file.txt and shows that you are creating a new file.The mes-sage information is temporary and other information overwrites it when you type thefirst character. ~~~~~~~~“file.txt”[New File] Figure 1.1 Initial Vim window.

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Sep 22, 2019
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