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Wojciech P. Grygiel IN WHAT SENSE CAN THE SCIENTIFICALLY DRIVEN THEOLOGY BE CONSIDERED AS A CONTINUATION OF THE DOCTRINAL TRADITION

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Wojciech P. Grygiel IN WHAT SENSE CAN THE SCIENTIFICALLY DRIVEN THEOLOGY BE CONSIDERED AS A CONTINUATION OF THE DOCTRINAL TRADITION
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  Wojciech P. GrygielIN WHAT SENSE CAN THE SCIENTIFICALLY DRIVEN THEOLOGY BE CONSIDERED ASA CONTINATION OF THE DOCTRINAL TRADITION!De"#r$%e&$ o' Philo(o"hy) The Po&$i'ic#l &i*er(i$y o' +oh& P#,l II) -r#/0The Co"er&ic,( Ce&$er 'or $he I&$er1i(ci"li&#ry S$,1ie() -r#/0 Introduction: the dynamicity of Tradition  The &o$io& o' $r#1i$io& "l#y( # ce&$r#l role i& $heology 'or) $oge$her 0i$h $he Holy Scri"$,re()i$ co&($i$,$e( # "ri&ci"#l (o,rce o' re*el#$io& 2 . I& $he 3ro#1e($ (e&(e) #&y $r#1i$io& e($#3li(he( $he(e&(e o' i1e&$i$y (i&ce $he leg#cy o' $he "re1ece((or( #i1( $he co%"rehe&(io& o& ho0 $he "re(e&$e%erge( 'ro% $he "#($ #&1 ho0 $he co&($i$,e&$( o' $he "re(e&$ rel#$e $o 0h#$ h#( 3ee& h#&1e1 'ro%$he "#($. I& o$her 0or1() co&$i&,i$y o' $r#1i$io& i( # (e%i&#l '#c$or i& 3,il1i&g #&1 %#i&$#i&i&g $hei1e&$i$y o' co%%,&i$ie( #$ $he 1i''ere&$ le*el o' (oci#l org#&i4#$io&. For Chri($i#&i$y $hi( i1e&$i$yre($( o& +e(,( Chri($5( %#&1#$e gi*e& $o $he A"o($le( $o "rocl#i% $he Go("el (o $h#$ 0i$h $he #i1 o'$he Holy S"iri$ $he (#l*i'ic %e((#ge o' Go1 c#& 3e co%%,&ic#$e1 $o #ll. I& reg#r1( $o ("eci'ici$y o' $he 1oc$ri&#l $r#1i$io& o' $he Ch,rch) ho0e*er) $he co&($i$,$io& o'$he Seco&1 V#$ic#& Co,&cil  Dei Verbum  #11( $he 'ollo0i&g6 ))The Tr#1i$io& $h#$ co%e( 'ro% $heA"o($le( %#e( "rogre(( i& $he Ch,rch) 0i$h $he hel" o' $he Holy S"iri$. There i( # gro0$h i& i&(igh$i&$o $he re#li$ie( #&1 0or1( $h#$ #re "#((e1 o&55 7 . Thi( ($#$e%e&$ i%"lie( $h#$ $he 1oc$ri&#l $r#1i$io&i( &o$ co&'i&e1 $o # "#((i*e $r#&(%i((io& o' $he 1e"o(i$ o' '#i$h recei*e1 3y $he A"o($le( 3,$ i$i&*ol*e( co&($#&$ 1e*elo"%e&$ #&1 1ee"e&i&g o' $he ,&1er($#&1i&g o' $he Di*i&e %e((#ge 0ri$$e&1o0& i& $he Holy Scri"$,re(. The 1oc$ri&#l $r#1i$io& c#&&o$ 3e ,&1er($oo1 #( # 'i8e1 co&$e&$co&*eye1 i&1e"e&1e&$ly o' $he 'i&i$e %e#&( o' h,%#& e8"re((io& #&1 $h,( 1e*oi1 o' #&yco&$e8$,#li$y 9 . O& $he co&$r#ry) 3y 1irec$ly re'erri&g $o $he 0ri$i&g( o' S$. A,g,($i&e $heCo&($i$,$io& re"lie(6 ))$he e8ege$e %,($ loo 'or $h#$ %e#&i&g 0hich $he (#cre1 0ri$er) i& #1e$er%i&e1 (i$,#$io& #&1 gi*e& $he circ,%($#&ce( o' hi( $i%e #&1 c,l$,re) i&$e&1e1 $o e8"re(( #&1 2C#$echi(% o' $he C#$holic Ch,rch) Ar$. :;<:2.7V#$ic#&,% II)  Dei Verbum ) Ar$. :. For # 1e$#ile1 co%%e&$#ry (ee =. R,(eci) Traktat o objawieniu ) Wy1#0&ic$0o-(i>?y Serc#&/0) -r#/0 7;;@) <.9E.g.) E. Schille3eec8) O katolickie zastosowanie hermeneutyki. Tożsamość wiary w toku jej reinterpretacji ) i&6&# 2:) @<: J2<2@;K) @:<:2. 2  1i1 i& '#c$ e8"re(() $hro,gh $he %e1i,% o' # co&$e%"or#ry li$er#ry 'or%55  . I& re("o&(e $o $hi( $heC#$echi(% o' $he C#$holic Ch,rch righ$ly 1i($i&g,i(he( 3e$0ee& Tr#1i$io& J0i$h $he c#"i$#l TK) $he1i*i&ely re*e#le1 co&$e&$ #( e*i1e&$ #$ # ("eci'ic ($#ge o' $he Tr#1i$io&5( 1e*elo"%e&$) #&1 $he$heologic#l 1i(ci"li&#ry) li$,rgic#l or 1e*o$io&#l $r#1i$io&( J0i$h $he (%#ll $K 0hich (er*e #( %e#&(3y 0hich Tr#1i$io& 'i&1( i( e8"re((io&  . Thi( "oi&$ h#( 3ee& gre#$ly c#"$,re1 3y #& A%eric#&e*ol,$io&#ry $heologi#&) +oh& H#,gh$) 0ho ($#$e( $he 'ollo0i&g6The 1e"o(i$ o' $he C#$holic '#i$h i( &o$ # (%oo$hly ro,&1e1 roc rolli&g 1o0& $he corri1or( o'$i%e c,(hio&e1 'ro% ch#&gi&g c,l$,re( #&1 'l,c$,#$i&g i&$ellec$,#l e&*iro&%e&$(. Doc$ri&ec#&) #&1 %,($ 1e*elo" i' i$ i( $o 3e $he 3#(i( o' #& e&li*e&i&g ("iri$,#li$y 'or 1i''ere&$ "erio1(o' $i%e. I& '#c$) $heology h#( #l0#y( 3ee& o&e o' $he 0#y( i& 0hich li*i&g religio&( h#*e($r,ggle1 $o (,r*i*e  .The co&$e8$,#li$y o' $heologic#l e8"re((io&( i( # 1irec$ co&(e,e&ce o' $he '#c$ $h#$ $heree8i($( # "er%#&e&$ #&1 irre%o*#3le $e&(io& 3e$0ee& $he 'i&i$e ch#r#c$er o' $he co&ce"$,#l'r#%e0or( #( $he h,%#& %e#&( o' e8"re((i&g $he re*e#le1 co&$e&$ #&1 $he i&'i&i$e ch#r#c$er o' $heDi*i&e e((e&ce $he(e 'r#%e0or( ",r"or$ $o co&*ey. Wh#$ i( o' $he "ri%#ry i%"or$#&ce 'ro% $he"oi&$ o' *ie0 o' $hi( #r$icle) ho0e*er) i( $h#$ $he #""lic#$io& o' richer co&ce"$,#l 'r#%e0or(e,i""e1 0i$h #1*#&ce1 logic %#y le#1 $o $he #'ore%e&$io&e1 1ee"e&i&g o' i&(igh$ i&$o $he Di*i&e%y($erie(. I& #11i$io& $o $he 1e"o(i$ o' '#i$h $h#$ Tr#1i$io& h#&1( o*er #&1 e8"#&1() i$ c#& 3e #l(oco&(i1ere1 $o e&$#il #& i%"or$#&$ %e$ho1ologic#l #("ec$ #ccor1i&g $o 0hich $o "rocee1 i& $he ("iri$o' $he Tr#1i$io& %e#&( $o co&$i&,o,(ly ($ri*e 'or $he e8"#&(io& #&1 ($re&g$he&i&g o' $he co&ce"$,#l'r#%e0or( 0here3y $he re*e#le1 %e((#ge %#y co&$i&,o,(ly re*e#l i$( %e#&i&g #&1 gr#1,#lly,&*eil i$( ',ll&e(( @ . A&y #$$e%"$ $o 1i*er$ 'ro% (,ch # "#$h 0o,l1 jeo"#r1i4e $he %ech#&i(% 3y0hich $he 1oc$ri&e c#& "ro"erly 1e*elo" #&1 re$#i& i$( 1y&#%ic ch#r#c$er. S,ch jeo"#r1y cle#rly#ri(e( 0he& # gi*e& "hilo(o"hic#l (y($e% i& $heology i( #3(ol,$i4e1 #&1 1ecree1 #( a priori  (,"erior$o #&y o$her #&1 gr#&$e1 $he ($#$,( o' $he "ere&&i#l "hilo(o"hy. The %#i& ",r"o(e o' $hi( ($,1y i( $o 1e%o&($r#$e $h#$ $he $y"e o' r#$io&#li$y "ro"er $o $he%e$ho1 o' $he co&$e%"or#ry (cie&ce( yiel1( # ,&i,e co&ce"$,#l e&*iro&%e&$ i& 0hich $he ("iri$ o'r#$io&#li$y i&($ille1 $o $he $heologic#l $ho,gh$ 3y i$( e&co,&$er 0i$h $he Gree "hilo(o"hy 'i&1( i$( V#$ic#&,% II)  Dei Verbum ) Ar$. 22.C#$echi(% o' $he C#$holic Ch,rch) Ar$. :9. +. H#,gh$)  Resting on the uture! "atholic Theology #or an $n#inishe% $ni&erse ) Bloo%(3,ry) Ne0 Yor < Lo&1o& < O8'or1 < Ne0 Delhi < Sy1&ey 7;2) 7. @E.g.) =. R,(eci) op. cit. ) :. 7  &#$,r#l e8"#&(io&. A( # re(,l$) # "ro'o,&1 1ee"e&i&g o' i&(igh$ i&$o $he co&$e&$ o' $he 1e"o(i$ o''#i$h i( #chie*e1 #&1 Tr#1i$io& re*e#l( i$( 1y&#%ic ch#r#c$er. The 1e%o&($r#$io& "rocee1( i& 'o,r1i($i&c$ ($#ge(. Fir($ly) $he *ery srci&( o' $he Gree r#$io&#li$y i& $he Io&i#& (chool o' "hilo(o"hy#re 3rie'ly 1i(c,((e1 i& or1er $o ill,%i&#$e $heir #1e,#cy 'or $he e8"o(i$io& #&1 1e'e&(e o' $he$e&e$( o' '#i$h i& $he $i%e( o' $he e#rly Ch,rch F#$her(. Seco&1ly) $he ("eci'ici$y o' $he (chol#($ic%e$ho1 o' S$. Tho%#( A,i&#( i( $o,che1 ,"o& $o i&1ic#$e $he &#$,re o' $he ,&i,e h#r%o&y3e$0ee& '#i$h #&1 re#(o& #chie*e1 3y $he A&gelic Doc$or. Thir1ly) $he role o' r#$io&#li$y i& $heologyi( gle#&e1 $hro,gh &eg#$i*e e8#%"le( o' i$( eli%i&#$io& #( e*i1e&$ i& $he &o%i&#li($ %o*e%e&$ #&1$he (,3(e,e&$ L,$her#& re'or%#$io&. Thi( "roce(( i( "oi&$e1ly &#%e1 3y +o(e"h R#$4i&ger #( %ehellenization . I& $he 'o,r$h ($e") $he highligh$( o' $he origi&( #&1 $he ("eci'ici$y o' $heco&$e%"or#ry (cie&$i'ic %e$ho1 #re "re(e&$e1 0i$h "#r$ic,l#r e%"h#(i( o& $he %e$ho15( ,&i,e"o$e&$i#l $o e8"#&1 #&1 1ee"e& $he Gree r#$io&#li$y. Fi&#lly) $he 'i'$h ($e" i&*ol*e( # c#(e ($,1y o'$he e*ol,$io&#ry $heology i& 0hich $he i%"le%e&$#$io& o' $he 1y&#%ic Je*ol,$io&#ryK "ic$,re o' $he&i*er(e #( $he co&ce"$,#l 'o,&1#$io& o"e&( ," &e0 #&1 "ro'o,&1 0#y( o' ,&1er($#&1i&g $he&i*er(e5( %e#&i&g #&1 $he %e#&i&g o' %#& i& "#r$ic,l#r. Th,( $he ("iri$ o' $he helle&i($icr#$io&#li$y i& $heology i( &o$ o&ly "re(er*e1 3,$ #l(o (ig&i'ic#&$ly e&h#&ce1. Logos: The meeting place of The Greek rationality and the Christian revelation  I& or1er $o (he1 ligh$ o& ho0 $he Gree r#$io&#li$y co%e( i&$o 'r,i$io& i& $he co&$e8$ o' $heco&$e%"or#ry (cie&$i'ic %e$ho1) o&e &ee1( $o re#ch 3#c $o $he *ery 3egi&&i&g( o' (cie&ce) &#%ely)$o $he $i%e( o' $he Io&i#& (chool o' $ho,gh$ 0he& # 3r#*e #&1 (,cce((',l #$$e%"$ $o 1e%y$hologi4e&#$,re 0#( ,&1er$#e&. A( # re(,l$) $he "#&$heo& o' go1( #r3i$r#rily r,li&g $he &i*er(e h#1 3ee&#3oli(he1 i& '#*or o' $he #c&o0le1ge%e&$ o' $he reg,l#ri$ie( 3,il$ i&$o &#$,re i$(el' 0hich $heh,%#& %i&1 c#& 1i(co*er 0i$ho,$ re(or$i&g $o $he #c$i*i$y o' (,"er&#$,r#l #ge&$( $h#$ #c$ i& #&#r3i$r#ry %#&&er. A re&o0&e1 D#&i(h hi($ori#& o' (cie&ce) Ol#' Pe1er(e&) (,%%#ri4e( $hi( 3y(#yi&g6 The &o&<%y$hologic#l #cco,&$ o' &#$,re 0#( 3or& i& # re*ol$ #g#i&($ o' $he e((e&$i#l ele%e&$(o' $he Gree religio&. The Oly%"ic 1ei$ie( #&1 $heir le(( #,g,($ #((i($#&$( 0ere 1e"ri*e1 o'$heir role #( #,$hor( o' $he "he&o%e&# o' &#$,re #&1 re"l#ce1 3y #& i%%#&e&$) i%"er(o&#l&ece((i$y 0hich 0o,l1 3e gr#1,#lly 1i(clo(e1 3y (cie&$i'ic i&*e($ig#$io& : . :O. Pe1er(e&) The Two 'ooks! (istorical )otes on *ome +nteractions 'etween )atural *cience an% Theology )V#$ic#& O3(er*#$ory Fo,&1#$io&) V#$ic#& Ci$y 7;;@) 7. 9  O&e o' $he le#1i&g $hi&er( o' $he $i%e) Her#cli$,( o' E"he(,( Jc. 9 M @ BCK) coi&e1 o,$ $he$er% logos  $o 1e(ig&#$e # "ri&ci"le o' or1er #&1 &o0le1ge 0i$h # ($ro&g re'ere&ce $o $he i1e# o' $he1i*i&e r#$io&#li$y "er%e#$i&g $he l#0( go*er&i&g $he &i*er(e. The (cie&$i'ic i&,iry) i&i$i#$e1 i& $he#&$i,i$y) 0#( 3,$ # 'ir($ #$$e%"$ $o ,&loc $he %y($erie( hi11e& i& &#$,re #&1 $o "ro*i1e &#$,r#le8"l#&#$io&( o' $he o3(er*e1 "he&o%e&#. I&#(%,ch #( $o1#y $he Ari($o$eli#& "hy(ic( i( co&(i1ere1#( # "ri%i$i*e #&1 i&#1e,#$e #cco,&$ o' $he 0ori&g( o' $he &i*er(e) i$ le1 $o $he 'or%,l#$io& o'%e$#"hy(ic( $h#$ < 'or h,&1re1( o' ye#r( $o co%e 0#( co&(i1ere1 $o gi*e i&(igh$ i&$o $he %o($',&1#%e&$#l #&1 ge&er#l "ri&ci"le( o' re#li$y. For i&($#&ce) $hi( i&cl,1e( $he cele3r#$e1 &o$io& o' substance o& 0hich %o($ o' $he h,%#& co%%o& (e&(e $hi&i&g co&$i&,e( $o re($. The #1*e&$ o' Chri($i#&i$y) ho0e*er) 1i1 &o$ occ,r 3y %e#&( o' # cle#rly 'or%,l#$e1 1oc$ri&e0i$h # 0ell e($#3li(he1 co&ce"$,#l 'r#%e0or 3,$ #( $he (o c#lle1 sacra pagina ) &#%ely) $he 3oo(o' $he Ne0 Te($#%e&$) 0ri$$e& 1o0& &o$ 3y "hilo(o"hic#lly *er(e1 #,$hor( 3,$ 3y (i%"le 0i$&e((e(o' $he li'e #&1 $he 0or( o' +e(,( Chri($. So%e i&'l,e&ce( o' $he Gree $ho,gh$ c#& 3e #lre#1y'o,&1 i& $he Ol1 Te($#%e&$ i& (,ch 3oo( #( $he Boo o' Wi(1o% or $he =#cc#3ee(. I& #11i$io& $o$hi() ele%e&$( o' $he Gree $ho,gh$ "e&e$r#$e1 i&$o $he Ol1 Te($#%e&$ $hro,gh $he He3re0 $o Gree$r#&(l#$io& o' $he Se"$,#gi&$. I& $he Ne0 Te($#%e&$) e8#%"le( (,ch #( $he o"e&i&g *er(e( o' $heGo("el o' S$. +oh& #&1 (o%e ($#$e%e&$( i& $he P#,li&e 0ri$i&g( 1o i&1ic#$e o' # %ore #1*#&ce1co&ce"$,#l #""rehe&(io& o' re*el#$io&  . The re#l cry($#lli4#$io& o' 1oc$ri&e) ho0e*er) 3eg#& #( $he co&$e&$ o' re*el#$io& c#%e i&$o$he ',ll co&$#c$ 0i$h $he "hilo(o"hy o' $he #&cie&$ Greece #$ $he $,r& o' $he 7 &1  #&1 9 r1  ce&$,ry. Thi("hilo(o"hy o''ere1 # "#r$ic,l#rly (,i$#3le co&ce"$,#l e&*iro&%e&$ 'or $he 1ee"e&e1 e8"o(i$io& o'$he $e&e$( o' '#i$h $here3y ,&loci&g $he "ro"er 1y&#%ic ch#r#c$er o' Tr#1i$io& #( ("eci'ie1 3y $heco&cili#r co&($i$,$io&  Dei Verbum . I&$ere($i&gly e&o,gh) $he *ery %ee$i&g "oi&$ o' $he Gree$ho,gh$ 0i$h Chri($i#&i$y i&*ol*e1 $he 3il#$er#l co&*ic$io& o& $he r#$io&#li$y i%%#&e&$ i& $he($r,c$,re #&1 $he 0ori&g( o' &#$,re. O& $he "#r$ o' Chri($i#&i$y) $hi( co&*ic$io& #""e#re1 #( e#rly #(#ro,&1 $he $,r& o' $he 'ir($ ce&$,ry i& $he 0or( o' S$. Cle%e&$ o' Ro%e) 0ho(e #''ir%#$io& o' $heco(%ic or1er #&1 $he h#r%o&io,( i&$errel#$io& o' #ll co&($i$,e&$( o' $he &i*er(e 0#( # cle#ri&1ic#$io& $h#$ $he 1e%y$hologi4#$io& o' &#$,re h#1 #lre#1y %#1e i$( 0#y i&$o $he %i&1( o' $he e#rlyCh,rch '#$her(. S$. Cle%e&$ 0ri$e(6 E.g) 2 Cor 29) 276 ))For &o0 0e (ee i& # %irror 1i%ly) 3,$ $he& '#ce $o '#ce. No0 I &o0 i& "#r$ $he& I (h#ll &o0',lly) e*e& #( I h#*e 3ee& ',lly &o0&.   The he#*e&( re*ol*e #( He h#( or1#i&e1 #&1 #re (,3jec$e1 $o Hi% i& "e#ce. D#y #&1 &igh$co%"le$e $he re*ol,$io&( He h#( 1ecree1) #&1 $he o&e 1oe( &o$ 1i($,r3 $he o$her. O3eyi&g Hi(co%%#&1 $he (,& #&1 $he %oo& #&1 $he choir o' $he ($#r( roll o& i& h#r%o&y 0i$ho,$1e*i#$i&g 'ro% $heir "re(cri3e1 "#$h(. The e#r$h 3e#r( 'r,i$ i& $he "ro"er (e#(o&( i& #gree%e&$0i$h Hi( 0ill.  The %igh$y Lor1 #&1 Cre#$or  h#( o3lige1 #ll $he(e cre#$,re( $o 0or$oge$her i& "e#ce #&1 co&cor1 #( i$ 3ehoo*e( $he ,&i*er(e) #&1 e*e& %ore ,() 0ho h#*e(o,gh$ (hel$er ,&1er Hi( %ercy 2; .The "#$ri($ic co&*ic$io& o& $he co(%ic or1er #&1 h#r%o&y gre#$ly ($re&g$he&e1 $he %o&o$hei($ic3elie' i& $he o&e Go1) $he cre#$or o' $he &i*er(e. The #((i%il#$io& o' $he Gree $ho,gh$ 3y $hee%ergi&g Chri($i#& 1oc$ri&e '#cili$#$e1 $he srci& #&1 $he 1e*elo"%e&$ o' $he ("ec,l#$i*e $heology0i$h Orige&) $he '#%o,( "ill#r o' $he Ale8#&1ri#& School #$ $he $,r& o' $he 7 &1  #&1 9 r1  ce&$,ry) #( i$('o,&1i&g '#$her. The ("ec,l#$i*e $heology 0#( e,i""e1 0i$h $he ,&i,e c#"#ci$y o' r#$io&#l#rg,%e&$#$io& #&1 1e'e&(e #g#i&($ error #( e8e%"li'ie1) 'or i&($#&ce) 3y $he 'ir($ 'o,r co,&cil( i&$he  $h  #&1  $h  ce&$,ry $here3y #$$e($i&g $o $he i%"or$#&ce o' re#(o& i& $he %#$$er( o' '#i$h. B#(e1 o& $he #3o*e) i$ i( e*i1e&$ $h#$ $he %#rri#ge o' $he Gree "hilo(o"hy #&1 $he Bi3lic#l'#i$h co&($i$,$e( $he ',&1#%e&$#l ch#r#c$eri($ic( o' Chri($i#&i$y 0here $he r#$io&#li$y co&$#i&e1 i&$he Re*el#$io& '#ll( ,"o& $he r#$io&#li$y i&here&$ i& $he co&ce"$,#l 'r#%e0or( 1e*elo"e1 3y %e#&(o' $he (cie&$i'ic i&,iry. Si&ce $hi( i&,iry e&g#ge( $he ($,1y o' $he "ri&ci"le( go*er&i&g $he&i*er(e) $he '#%o,( %e$#"hor o' $he T0o Boo(6 The 'ook o# Re&elation  #&1 the 'ook o# )ature )$r#ce#3le $o $he 0or( o' S$. A,g,($i&e) j,($i'ie( $he re(o&#&ce 3e$0ee& $he Gree "hilo(o"hy #&1$he Bi3lic#l '#i$h 22 . I& o$her 0or1() $he %ee$i&g o' logo( #( 1eci"here1 'ro% $he Boo o' N#$,re #&1i%"l#&$e1 i& "hilo(o"hy 0i$h $he Logo( $h#$ re*e#l( i$(el' %,($ #gree 'or $hey #re i&1ee1 $he (#%e. Dehellenization: Undoing Auinas A ,&i,e co&$r#",&$#l h#r%o&y o' '#i$h #&1 re#(o& re#che1 i$( cli%#8 i& $he $heology o' S$.Tho%#( A,i&#( i& 0hich re#(o& ill,%i&#$e1 $he co&$e&$ o' '#i$h J #i%es ,uaerens intellectum K #&1'#i$h "ro*i1e1 $he "ro"er 3#(i( 'or $he 3ro#1e&e1 ,&1er($#&1i&g 3eyo&1 $he &#$,r#l "o0er( o' $he 2;S$. Cle%e&$ o' Ro%e)  -etter to the "orinthians ) Ch#". 7;.) i&6  ncient "hristian /riters ) *ol. 2.) We($%i&($er)=#ryl#&1 2) 77. 22E.g.) O. Pe1er(e&) op. cit. ) 8*<8i8. 
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