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Lec14s Security

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  5 March, 20021 06-06798 Distributed Systems Lecture 14:Security  5 March, 20022 Overview ãWhat is security? –policies and mechanisms–threats and attacks ãSecurity of electronic transactions –secure channels–authentication and cryptography ãSecurity techniques –access control–firewalls–cryptographic algorithms  5 March, 20023 Security ãDefinition –set of measures to guarantee the privacy, integrity andavailability  of resources: ãobjects, databases, servers, processes, channels, etc –involves protection of objects and securing processes and communication channels ãSecurity policies –specify who is authorised to access resources (e.g. fileownership) ãSecurity mechanisms –enforce security policy (e.g. file access control)  5 March, 20024 Security model Object: intended for use by different clients, viaremote invocationPrincipal: authority on whose behalf invocation isissued Access rights Network invocationresultClientServer Principal  (user) Principal  (server) Object
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