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Mendut is a Ninth

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   Nama : Muhammad shidqi frdaus Mendut is a ninth-century Buddhist temple, located in Mendut village, Mungkid sub-district, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is located about threekilometres east rom Borobudur. Mendut, Borobudur and !a on, all o hich are Buddhisttemples, are located in one straight line. There is a mutual religious relationship bet een thethree temples, although the e#act ritual process is unkno n. History The ruins o Mendut temple beore restoration, $%%&.   Built around early ninth century'(, Mendut is the oldest o the three temples including !a on and Borobudur. The)arangtengah inscription, the temple as built and inished during the reign o )ing Indra o *ailendra dynasty. The inscription dated %+ '( mentioned that )ing Indra o *ailendra has built a sacred building named enuvana hich means bamboo orest. (utch archaeologist J/de Casparis has connected the temple mentioned in )arangtengah inscription ith Menduttemple.In $%01 it as discovered as a ruins covered ith bushes. The restoration o this temple as started in $%23 and as inished in $2+4. *ome archaeologists ho had conducted researchon this temple ere J/ de Casparis, Theodoor van 5rp, and 'risatya 6ogas ara. Architecture The statue o (hyani Buddha airocana, 'valokitesvara, and a7rapani inside the Menduttemple. The plan o temple8s base is s9uare, and measures $0.3 metre on each side, ith the baselevel 0.3 metre above the ground . The +1. metre tall temple is acing north est. The stairs pro7ecting rom the north est side s9uare elevated base is adorned ith Makara statue on eachsides, the side o the stair all carved ith bas-relie o Jataka able narrating the animal story o Buddhist teaching. The s9uare terrace surrounding the body o the temple as meant or  pradakshina or circumambulating ritual, alking clock ise around the temple. The outer alls isadorned ith bas-relies o Boddhisattvas :Buddhist divinities;, such as 'valokitesvara,Maitreya, Cunda, )sitigarbha, *amantabhadra, Mahakarunika 'valokitesvara, a7rapani,Man7usri, 'kasagarbha, and Boddhisattvadevi !ra7naparamita among other buddhist igures.<riginally the temple had t o chambers, a small chamber in the ront, and the large mainchamber in the center. The roo and some parts o the ront chamber alls are missing. Theuppermost part o the roo is missing, it supposed to have a stupa pinnacle ith si=e and style probably 7ust like the one in *o7i an temple. The inner all o ront chamber is adorned ith   bas-relie o >ariti surrounds by children, 'tavaka on the other side, )alpataru, also groups o devatas divinities lying in heaven.?ocation three Buddhist temples, Borobudur-!a on-Mendut, in one straight line across!rogo River. The main room has three carved large stone statues. The 0 metres tall statue o (hyani Buddha airocana as meant to liberate the devotees rom the bodily karma, at the let isstatue o Boddhisatva 'valokitesvara to liberate rom the karma o speech, at the right isBoddhisatva a7rapani to liberate rom karma o thought. Rituals The bas-relie o >ariti on inner northern all o Mendut Currently, during the ull moonin May or June, Buddhists in Indonesia observe esak annual ritual by alking rom Mendut passing past !a on and ends at Borobudur. The ritual takes the orm o mass Buddhist prayer and pradakshina :circumambulation; around the temple.@or local Javanese, especially those ho ollo traditional )e7a en Javanese mysticismor Buddhism practices, praying in Mendut temple is believed to ulill various ishes, such asdeliverance rom sickness.The bas-relie o >ariti or e#ample is popular among local Javanese childless marriedcouples to pray or a child, since in traditional Javanese belies, >ariti is considered as thesymbol o ertility, the patroness o motherhood and protector o children.


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