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010 - Air Law & Atc Procedures

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  Air Law and ATC Procedures subDomandaRispostaARispostaBRispostaCRispostaDCheck  010Visual Flight Rules Except when a clearance is obtained from an ATC unit, VFR ights shall not ta!e o or land at an aerodrome within a CTR or enter the aerodrome tra#c $one or tra#c pattern when theceiling is less than 1 %00 ft or the ground &isibilit' is less than % !m(ceiling is less than 1 000 ft or the ground &isibilit' is less than % !m(ceiling is less than ) 000 ft or the ground &isibilit' is less than % !m(ceiling is less than 1 000 ft orthe ground &isibilit' is less than * !m(010Authorit' The +nal authorit' as to the disposition of the aircraft has the-ilot.in.command(ATC controller whene&er the aircraft is 'ing in controlled airspace(aircraft owner(/perator(010A&oidance of collisions The highest priorit' for landing hasan aircraft that is compelled to land Emergenc' landing(a militar' aircraft(an aircraft on a diplomatic ight 2ead of state(an Air Ambulance carr'ing a &er' sic! person needing immediate medical attention(010Visual Flight Rules An aircraft operating in accordance with VFR, abo&e the sea at altitudes between 3%00 ft and 4000 ft A567, outside controlled airspace shall maintain at leasta distance from cloud of 1%00 m hori$ontall' and 1000 ft &erticall' and a ight &isibilit' of % !m(a distance from cloud of 1000 m hori$ontall' and 1000 ft &erticall' and a ight &isibilit' of % !m(a distance from cloud of 1%00 m hori$ontall' and1000 ft &erticall' and a ight &isibilit' of * !m(a distance fromcloud of 800 m hori$ontall' and1000 ft &erticall' and a ight &isibilit' of % !m(010 The V5C minima for an airspace classi+ed as 9:9 abo&e 10 000 feet 567 areclear of clouds; * !m &isibilit'1 mile hori$ontall' and 1 000 feet &erticall' from clouds; % !m &isibilit') 000 metres hori$ontall', 1 000 feet &erticall' from clouds; *!m &isibilit'1 nautical mile hori$ontall' and1 000 feet &erticall' from clouds; * !m &isibilit'010Visual Flight Rules Abo&e an altitude of 10000 ft, ights operating within airspace Class 9<9 in accordance with VFR shall obser&e the following weather minimaa distance from cloud 1%00 m hori$ontall', 1000 ft &erticall', ight&isibilit' * !m(a distance from cloud 1%00 m hori$ontall', 1000 ft &erticall', ight &isibilit' % !m(a distance from cloud 1=autical 5ile =5 hori$ontall', 1000 ft &erticall', ight &isibilit' % !m(a distance fromcloud 1 =autical 5ile =5 hori$ontall', 1000 ft &erticall', ight&isibilit' * !m(010A controlled ight is re>uested to inform the appropriate ATC unit whene&er the a&erage True Air 6peed at cruising le&el &aries or is expected to &ar' from that gi&en in the ight plan b' plus or minus%?@?)?10 ?010nterception An aircraft e>uipped with 66R transponder which is intercepted b' another aircraft shall immediatel', unless otherwise instructed b' the appropriate air tra#c ser&ice unit, select 5ode ACode BB00(Code B%00(Code B800(Code B000(010nterception An aircraft which is intercepted b' another aircraft shall immediatel' attempt to establish radio.communication with the intercepting aircraft or with the appropriate intercept controlunit, b' ma!ing a general call on the fre>uenc'1)1(% 52$( f no contact has been established, and if practicable, repeat this call on the fre>uenc' )3@ 52$(1)1(% 52$( f no contact has been established, and if practicable, repeat this call on the fre>uenc' 1)%(% 52$(1)1(% 52$( f no contacthas been established, and if practicable, repeat this call on the fre>uenc' )*)(* 52$()3@ 52$( f no contact has been established, and if practicable, repeat this call on the fre>uenc' 1)%(% 52$(010nterception, AD or =<2T hich manoeu&re will be executed b' an intercepting aircraft if the pilot of this aircraft wants to communicate to the intercepted aircraft 9D/ 5AD -R/CEE9GAn abrupt brea!.awa' manoeu&re from the Roc!ing aircraft twice in front of the intercepting Circling the intercepted aircraft in a counter.Roc!ing aircraftand ashing  Air Law and ATC Procedures subDomandaRispostaARispostaBRispostaCRispostaDCheck  intercepted aircraft consisting of a climbingturn of 40 degrees or more without crossing the line of ight of the intercepted aircraft(aircraft, after ac!nowledgement b' intercepted aircraft a slow le&el turn normall' to the left(cloc!wise pattern for aeroplanes, in a cloc!wise pattern for helicopter(na&igational lights at regularinter&als(010hich action shall be ta!en b' an aircraft in the tra#c pattern of an aerodrome, experiencing radio failure to indicate di#culties which compel it to land without re>uiring immediate assistanceG The repeated switchingon and o of the landing lights6witching on and o three times the landing lights6witching on and o four times the landing lights6witching on and o four times the na&igation lights010f radio communication is established during an interception but communications in a common language is not possible, which phrase should be pronounced b' the intercepting aircraft to re>uest the intercepted aircraft to descend for landingGescend7et downDou landescend for landing010f radio contact with the intercepting aircraft is established but communication on a common language is not possible, which phrase should be pronounced b' the intercepted aircraft to communicate that he is unable to compl' with the instructions recei&edGCA= =/TCA= =/T C/5-7D=A:7E T/ C/5-7D=/T -/66:7E010A ashing red light from control tower during an approach to land meansThe airport is unsafe, do not land The airport is temporaril'closed, continue circling<i&e wa' to other aircraft in emergenc'Continue circling and wait for further instructions010/n aerodromes aircraft taxiing on the manoeu&ring area of an aerodrome shall gi&e wa' toaircraft ta!ing o or about to ta!e o  other &ehicles and pedestriansother con&erging aircraftall &ehicles mo&ing on the apron except the 9follow me9 &ehicle010nless otherwise prescribed, what is the rule regarding le&el to be maintained b' an aircraft 'ing FR outside controlled airspaceG1 000 feet abo&e the highest obstacle within * !ilometres of the estimated position of the aircraft) 000 feet abo&e the highest obstacle within * !ilometres of course1 000 feet abo&e the highest obstacle within * nautical miles of course) 000 feet abo&e the highest obstacle within * nautical milesof course010Aircraft 9A9 with an ATC clearance is 'ing in V5C conditions within a control area( Aircraft 9:9 with no ATC clearance is approaching at approximatel' the same altitude and on a con&erging course( hich has the right of wa'GAircraft 9:9 if 9A9 is on its leftAircraft 9A9 if 9:9 is on its rightAircraft 9A9 regardless of the direction which 9:9 is approachingAircraft 9:9 regardless of the direction 9A9 is approaching010hich of the following actions shall be ta!en in case of a controlled ight de&iates from the trac!GAdHust the heading of aircraft to regain trac! as soon as practicablenform the ATC unit immediatel'f V5C, maintain this condition, waiting for the ATC instructions=otif' ATC of the new trac! immediatel' and compl' with instructions010hile on FR ight, a pilot has an emergenc' which causes a de&iation from an ATC clearance( hat action must be ta!enG The appropriate ATC unit shall be noti+ed of the action ta!en as soon as circumstances permitRe>uest an amended clearance or cancel the FR ight plan6ubmit a detailed reportto ATC within )3 hours6>uaw! BB00010A signalman will as! the pilot to appl' par!ing bra!es b' the following signalsRaise arm and hand, with +ngers extended, hori$ontall' in front of bod' , then clench +stArms down , palms facinginwards, mo&ing arms from extended position inwards(Crossing arms extendedabo&e his head2ori$ontall' mo&ing his hands, +ngers extended, palms toward ground  Air Law and ATC Procedures subDomandaRispostaARispostaBRispostaCRispostaDCheck  010An aircraft is 'ing under nstrument Flight Rules in an area where the &isibilit' is unlimited and the s!' is clear free of clouds, when it totall' loses radio communications( The procedure to be followed island on the closest appropriate aerodrome,then ad&ise Air Tra#c 6er&ices of landingadopt a VFR ight le&el and continue ight onto destinationcontinue ight onto destination, compl'ing with last recei&ed clearances then with +led ight plan(descend to En.route 5inimum 6afe Altitude and Hoin closestair+eld open to FR operations010A red are addressed to a 'ing aircraft means=ot with standing an' pre&ious instructions, do not land for the timebeing(Come bac! and land(<i&e wa' to another aircraft and hold the circuit(angerous air+eld( o not land(010e+nitions CA/ oc *18* hat is A turn executed b' the aircraft during the initial approach between the end of the outbound trac! and the beginning of the intermediate or +nal approach trac!( The trac!s are not reciprocal(:ase turn-rocedure turnRe&ersal procedureRace trac!010/CA An /CA is referenced to5ean 6ea 7e&elthe Aerodrome Reference-ointthe rele&ant Runwa'  Thresholdan Aerodrome Ele&ation010e+nitions hat is A manoeu&re in which a turn is made awa' from a designated trac! followed b' a turn in the opposite direction to permit the aircraft to intercept and proceed along the reciprocal of the designated trac!-rocedure turn(:ase turn(Race trac!(Re&ersal trac!(010Circling approach /ne of the conditions to descent below the 5A on a circling approach isThe re>uired &isual references ha&e been established and can be maintained( The landing runwa' and an alternati&e landing possibilit' runwa' are insight( The hori$ontal Visibilit' is at least % =5 and the Ceiling is 1%00 ft or higher( The Ceiling is 1%00 ft or higher(0102olding procedures f for an' reasons a pilot is unable to conform to the procedures for normal conditions laid down for an' particular holding pattern, he shouldad&ise ATC as earl' as possible(execute a non.standard holding pattern in accordance with the performance of his aeroplane(remain within the protected area, but ma'de&iate from the prescribed holding(follow the radiocommunication failure procedure(0102olding procedures outbound time The outbound time in a holding pattern at 13000 ft or below in still air conditions is1 minute() minutes(1,% minutes(@0 seconds(0102olding procedures entr' Dou ha&e recei&ed instructions to hold o&er a radio +x( The published procedure is All turns to the right, 1 minute outbound, inbound 5agnetic Trac! 0%)I( Dou are approaching the +x on 5agnetic Trac! )@)I( 6elect the appropriate entr' procedureeither o set or parallel(o set onl'(parallel or direct(direct onl'(0102olding procedures outbound time The outbound time in a holding pattern abo&e 13000 ft in still air conditions is1 minute @0 seconds(1 minute() minutes() minutes @0 seconds(010Altimeter setting change during climb /n ights in accordance with FR, the change of the altimeter setting from J=2 to 6tandard shall be made at thetransition altitude(transition la'er(transition le&el(le&el speci+ed b' ATC(010A- hich part contains a brief description of areas andKor routes for which meteorological ser&ice is pro&idedG<E=E=R5ETE/A010A- hich part of the A- gi&es detailed information about refuelling facilities and the fuel grades a&ailableGAE=R<E=FA7010A- hich part of the A- contains information relating to existing prohibited, restricted and danger areasGE=R<E=AThe A- does not contain thisinformation010A notice containing information concerning ight safet', air na&igation, technical, administration or legislati&e matters and srcinated at the A6 of a state is calledAeronautical nformation Circular AC(Aeronautical nformation -ublication A-(=/TA5(ARAC(010A notice pro&iding information on Rules of the Air, Air Tra#c 6er&ices and Air =a&igation -rocedures and distributed in ad&ance of its e ecti&e date isAn ARAC(A =/TA5 RAC(An AT6 =/TA5(An Ad&isor' =/TA5(010Each contracting state shall pro&ide an Aeronautical nformation 6er&ice A6 in its territor' and for areas in which the state is responsible for the Air Tra#c 6er&ices outside its territor', and this shall include the preparation and srcination ofntegrated Aeronauticalnformation -ac!age(/nl' A- and =/TA5s(A-, =/TA5s, Circular and ARAC(/nl' =/TA5s and Circulars(0109nstrument runwa's9 are the following runwa's intended for the operation of aircraft using instrument approach procedures(=on precision approachrunwa's, precision -recision approach runwa's categor' ,  andnstrument approach runwa's, precision -recision approach  Air Law and ATC Procedures subDomandaRispostaARispostaBRispostaCRispostaDCheck  approach runwa's categor' ,  and ((approach runwa's categor' ,  and (runwa's in general(0109Code letter 9 shall be chosen to identif' a taxiwa' used b' aircraft ha&ing an outer main gear wheel span of less than 4 m( The taxiwa' width shall be1* m(1% m()@ m()% m(0109T/A9 ta!e.o distance a&ailable isThe length of the ta!e.o run a&ailable plus the length of clearwa' a&ailable if pro&ided( The length of the runwa' a&ailable plus the length of clearwa' a&ailable if pro&ided( The length of the ta!e.o run a&ailable plus the length of the stop wa' and clearwa' if pro&ided( The length of the ta!e.o runa&ailable plus the length of the stop wa'(0109Clearwa'9 is de+ned rectangular area established to-ermit aircraft to ma!e a portion of its initial climb to a speci+c height(Reduce the ris! of damage to aircraft running o a runwa'(-rotect aircraft during ta!e.o or landing operations(-ermit the aircraft to stop if it fails the ta!e.o (010hich 9code letter9 shall be chosen to identif' a taxiwa' to be used b' an aircraft ha&ing a wheel base of 1% mGCode letter 9C9(Code letter 9:9(Code letter 99(Code letter 9E9(010According to the 9Aerodrome Reference Code9, the 9Code 7etter E9 shall identif' an aircraft wing span of%) m up to but not including 8% m(@8 m up to but not including %) m()3 m up to but not including @8 m(1% m up to but not including )3 m(010n the 9Aerodrome Reference Code9 the code element ) shall identif'The aircraft wing span and the outer main gear wheel span(/nl' the aircraft wing span( The width of the aircraftwing( The length of the aircraft fuselage(010 The 9Aerodrome Reference Code9 is a code composed of two elements which are related to the aeroplane performance characteristics and dimensions( These elements are a combination of a number and a letter as in the example under listed):(8(%E(3F(010According with the 9Aerodrome Reference Code9 the 9Code number 39 shall identif' an aircraft reference +eld length of1 *00 m and o&er(1 800 m(1 %00 m(1 )00 m(010 The 6T/-AD is a de+ned rectangular area on the ground at the end of ta!e.o run a&ailable prepared as a suitable area whereAn aircraft can be stopped in the case of an abandoned ta!e.o (A landing aircraft can be stopped if o&ercoming the end of runwa'(A landing aircraft can be stopped onl' in emergenc'(An aircraft ta!ing.o or landing can be stopped(0109A6A9 Acceleration 6top istance A&ailable isThe length of the ta!e.o run a&ailable plus the length of stop wa' if stop wa' pro&ided ( The length of the runwa' plus the length of stop wa' a&ailable if stop wa'pro&ided( The length of the ta!e.o run a&ailable plus the length of stop wa' and clearwa' if pro&ided ( The length of the ta!e.o runa&ailable plus the length of the clearwa'(0102ow man' red lights must a pilot see, whose aircraft, in +nal approach, is following a normal glide path de+ned b' a -A-G)(@(=one(1(010 Taxiwa' centre line lights other than an exit taxiwa' shall beFixed lights showing green(Fixed lights showing blue(Fixed lights showing 'ellow(Fixed lights showing white(010n a precision approach categor'  lighting s'stem, the centre line and crossbar lights shall beFixed lights showing &ariable white(Flashing lights showing &ariable white(Fixed lights showing &ariable green(Flashing lights showing &ariable green(010 The abbre&iation -A- stands for-recision Approach -ath ndicator(-recision Approach -ath ndex(-recision Approach -ower ndicator(-recision Approach -ower ndex(010 The 9-A-9 shall consist ofA wing bar of 3 sharp transition multi.lamp orpaired units e>uall' spaced( Two wing bars of 3 sharp transition multi.lamp or paired units e>uall' spaced( Two wing bars of 8 sharp transition multi.lamp or paired units e>uall' spaced(A wing bar of ) sharp transitionmulti.lamp e>uall' spaced(010n the 9-A-9 s'stem the pilot during an approach will see the two units nearest the runwa' as red and the two units farthest from the runwa' as white when/n or close to the approach slope(Abo&e the approach slope(:elow the approach slope(/nl' on the approach slope(010n the case of parallel runwa's, each runwa' designation number shall be supplemented:' a letter . for example ) parallel :' a number li!e 909 and 9019 for ) parallel :' a letter for ) parallelrunwa's(:' a letter . for example @
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