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11. Bahan Ajar B.ing 2 Sess XI

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  English language II AKADEMI KEPERAWATAN PEMKAB CIANJUR SUBJECT GRAMMATICAL POINT XII   CONDITIONAL SENTENCE (Kalimat Pengandaian/Kalimat Syarat)   A.   Introduction Conditional Sentence (kalimat pengandaian)  termasuk kedalam jenis kalimat majemuk (compound sentence) , kalimat ini terdiri dari 2 bagian, yaitu disebut : (1). Sub Clause :  anak kalimat atau IF Clause  yakni bagian yang merupakan pernyataan If (=seandainya)  (2). Main Clause : induk kalimat yakni bagian yang merupakan akibat terpenuhi atau tidaknya persyaratan yang terkandung dalam  If Clause   Let’s discuss this case comprehensively ! ∎   Look at this What will happen If I drop   the glass ? ►  If you drop the glass, it will break. Or    ►  The glass will break if you drop it. Notice the following sentence   s structures If you study hard, you will pass the examination. ( Jika kamu belajar dengan giat, kamu akan lulus ujian ) 1   2 ( Sub Clause) (Main Clause) If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go for a walk. We will go for a walk if the weather is fine tomorrow. Explanation : Kedua kalimat diatas memiliki makna yang sama, perbedaannya hanya letak if Clause.    Jika if clause terletak di depan, pakailah koma (,) B.   Structures Ada 3 type kalimat pengandaian dalam bahasa Inggris yang akan kita pelajari : 1). Type I : Probable Condition (Future Conditional/Future Possible)  2). Type II : Improbable Condition (Present Conditional/Present Unreal)  3). Type III : Impossible Condition (Past Conditional/Past Unreal)      Type : I Probable Condition (Future Conditional/Future Possible)  ( Kemungkinan di masa akan datang ) Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang akan dilakukan/ terjadi di masa akan datang bila suatu syaratnya dipenuhi. Maka kemungkinan terjadinya perbuatan itu, bergantung pada terpenuhi syaratnya atau tidak. Sikap pembicara dalam hal ini netral dan masih menunjukan harapan bahwa perbuatan tersebut dapat terjadi. Structure : Main Clause (Induk Kalimat) ►   Simple Future Tense  Sub Clause (If Clause) ►   Simple Present Tense   Study the following sentences If water freezes, it becomes solid. If children are healthy, they learn to walk at about 18 months old. If I finish my study, I will be a professional nurse. Type : II Improbable Condition (Present Conditional/Present Unreal)  ( Berlawanan dengan kenyataan sekarang ) Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu keadaan yang berbeda/ berlawanan dengan kenyataan di masa sekarang. Sikap pembicara dalam hal ini agak pesimis karena kemungkinan terjadinya perbuatan tersebut hanya sedikit. Jadi : “   If water froze  ”    kenyataannya yang sesungguhnya : Water doesn’t   freeze. Structure : Structure : Main Clause (Induk Kalimat) ►   Past Future Tense  Sub Clause (If Clause) ►   Simple Past Tense   Study the following sentences If water froze, it would become solid. ( Water doesn’t freeze)   If children were healthy, they would learn to walk at about 18 months old. ( hildren aren’t healthy)   If I finished my study, I would work in the surgical ward). (I don’t finish my study)      Type : III Impossible Condition (Past Conditional/Past Unreal)  ( Berlawanan dengan kenyataan sekarang ) If Clause ini dipakai seperti type II tetapi untuk lampau. Dengan demikian syarat itu tidak mungkin terpenuhi, sebab waktunya telah lewat (Impossible Condition) Jadi : “If water had frozen”    kenyataannya yang sesungguhnya : Water didn’t freeze.   Structure : Main Clause (Induk Kalimat) ►   Past Future Perfect Tense  Sub Clause (If Clause) ►   Past Perfect Tense   Study the following sentences If water had frozen, it would had become solid. Water d idn’t freeze) If children had been healthy, they would have learned to walk at about 18 months old. Children weren’t healthy) If I had finished my study, I would have worked in the surgical ward). I d idn’t finish my study)    Individual Lecture Assignment  Nama : ………………………………….  Tingkat : 2/ Smt. III Kelas : A/B/C  A.   Supply the correct tenses of the verbs in brackets according to the conditionals ! Example : I (go) if I had time. I would have gone  if I had had  time 1.   You will be ill if you (eat) so much. 2.   If it (be) fine tomorrow, I shall play tennis. 3.   If she (not answer) the telephone, she would never have heard the good news. 4.   You (kill) yourself if you always work as hard as that. 5.   If dinner is not ready, I (go) without it. 6.   If men (be) only more reasonable, there would be no more war. 7.   He (show) me how to solve the problem if he knew himself. 8.   Your mother will be angry if you (break) more glasses. 9.   If the children (be) good, they can stay up late. 10.   If you (read) that book carefully, you would understand it.  B.    Join a phrase from I with a phrase from II to make sensible sentences ! PART I   PART II 1. If Endah had been wearing shoes, …….  a. he could pass his examination. 2. If you are trying keep fit, ………………  b. I would have become a. SRN 3. If he studied harder, ……………………  c. t he thief wouldn’t have  been able to get into the house 4. If we had locked the door, ……………..  d. you should go to the national art gallery 5. If you want to see some good painting,…  e. she wouldn’t have cut her foot  6. If I had been a nurse, ……………………  f. I won’t come to her birthday party  7. If he had won the contest, ………………  g. you ought to play sport regularly 8. If the driver were more careful, …………  h. he wouldn’t get an accident  9. If it gets colder, ………………………….  i. I will put on my jacket 10. If Endah doesn’t invite me, ……………  j. he would have got two million rupiahs. k. you could travel around the world  j. it would break into pieces.
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